Exodus 34:28

28 Moses was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights without eating bread or drinking water. And he wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant—the Ten Commandments.

Exodus 34:28 in Other Translations

KJV
28 And he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water. And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments.
ESV
28 So he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights. He neither ate bread nor drank water. And he wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten Commandments.
NLT
28 Moses remained there on the mountain with the LORD forty days and forty nights. In all that time he ate no bread and drank no water. And the LORD wrote the terms of the covenant—the Ten Commandments —on the stone tablets.
MSG
28 Moses was there with God forty days and forty nights. He didn't eat any food; he didn't drink any water. And he wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten Words.
CSB
28 Moses was there with the Lord 40 days and 40 nights; he did not eat bread or drink water. He wrote down on the tablets the words of the covenant-the Ten Commandments.

Exodus 34:28 Meaning and Commentary

Exodus 34:28

And he was there with the Lord forty days and forty
nights
These were other forty days and nights, besides those he had been with the Lord, when he came down and broke the two tables in his hand, on sight of the idolatry of the people; yea, not only the Jewish writers think that he was on the mount three times forty days and forty nights, but also several learned Christian writers, as Dr. Lightfoot F16 and others; and it seems plain that he went up to the mountain three times, ( Exodus 24:15 ) ( 32:30 ) ( 34:4 ) and it is not improbable that he was each time so long there; about the first and third times there can be no doubt, see ( Exodus 24:18 ) and the text before us; and at the second time, when he went up to make reconciliation for the people, ( Exodus 32:30 ) he says, that he fell down before the Lord, as at the first forty days and forty nights, ( Deuteronomy 9:18 ) and from the seventh day of the month Sivan, the day after the giving of the law, to the tenth of Tisri, on which day he now descended, are just so many days:

he did neither eat bread nor drink water:
and it is very likely slept not, he being supported without either of these by the power of God; and having such nearness of communion with God, and his mind taken up with what he heard and saw, he had no thoughts of, nor desires and cravings after such things, as well as he stood in no need of them; all which must be ascribed to the miraculous interposition of God in the support of him, (See Gill on Exodus 24:18)

and he wrote on the tables the words of the covenant, the ten
commandments;
not Moses, for these were tables of stone, which he could not write or engrave upon without proper instruments, which it does not appear he had with him on the mount; but it was God that wrote them, who, in ( Exodus 34:1 ) says he would write them, and from ( Deuteronomy 10:2 Deuteronomy 10:4 ) we are assured he did.


FOOTNOTES:

F16 Works, vol. 1. p. 715, 716.

Exodus 34:28 In-Context

26 “Bring the best of the firstfruits of your soil to the house of the LORD your God. “Do not cook a young goat in its mother’s milk.”
27 Then the LORD said to Moses, “Write down these words, for in accordance with these words I have made a covenant with you and with Israel.”
28 Moses was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights without eating bread or drinking water. And he wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant—the Ten Commandments.
29 When Moses came down from Mount Sinai with the two tablets of the covenant law in his hands, he was not aware that his face was radiant because he had spoken with the LORD.
30 When Aaron and all the Israelites saw Moses, his face was radiant, and they were afraid to come near him.

Cross References 4

  • 1. S Genesis 7:4; Exodus 24:18; Matthew 4:2; Luke 4:2
  • 2. Deuteronomy 9:9,18; Ezra 10:6
  • 3. ver 1; Exodus 31:18
  • 4. Deuteronomy 4:13; Deuteronomy 10:4