Genesis 9:20

20 Noah, a man of the soil, proceeded[a] to plant a vineyard.

Genesis 9:20 in Other Translations

King James Version (KJV)
20 And Noah began to be an husbandman, and he planted a vineyard:
English Standard Version (ESV)
20 Noah began to be a man of the soil, and he planted a vineyard.
New Living Translation (NLT)
20 After the flood, Noah began to cultivate the ground, and he planted a vineyard.
The Message Bible (MSG)
20 Noah, a farmer, was the first to plant a vineyard.
American Standard Version (ASV)
20 And Noah began to be a husbandman, and planted a vineyard:
GOD'S WORD Translation (GW)
20 Noah, a farmer, was the first person to plant a vineyard.
Holman Christian Standard Bible (CSB)
20 Noah, a man of the soil, was the first to plant a vineyard.
New International Reader's Version (NIRV)
20 Noah was a man who worked the ground. He decided to plant a vineyard.

Genesis 9:20 Meaning and Commentary

Genesis 9:20

And Noah began to be an husbandman
Or "a man of the earth" F3, not lord of it, as Jarchi, though he was, but a tiller of the earth, as he had been before the flood, and now began to be again; he returned to his old employment, and which perhaps he improved, having invented, as the Jews F4 say, instruments of husbandry; it may be, the use of the plough, which made the tillage of the ground more easy; he was expert in husbandry, as Aben Ezra observes, and which, as he remarks, is great wisdom; and though he was so great a man, yet he employed himself in this way: and he planted a vineyard;
not vines, but a vineyard; there were vines before scattered up and down, here one and there another, but he planted a number of them together, and set them in order, as the Jewish writers say F5; and some of them F6 will have it that he found a vine which the flood brought out of the garden of Eden, and planted it; but this is mere fable: where this plantation was cannot be said with certainty; the Armenians have a tradition that Noah, after quitting the ark, went and settled at Erivan, about twelve leagues from Ararat, a city full of vineyards; and that it was there he planted the vineyard, in a place where they still make excellent wine, and that their vines are of the same sort he planted there F7; which contradicts what Strabo F8 says of the country of Armenia, its hills and plains, that a vine will not easily grow there.


F3 (hmdah vya) "vir terrie", Montanus.
F4 Zohar, apud Hottinger, Smegma Oriental. p. 253.
F5 Ben Melech in loc. so Abarbinel & Bechai, apud Muis, in loc.
F6 Targum Jon. in loc. Pirke Eliezer, c. 23.
F7 See Tournefort's Voyage to the Levant, vol. 3. p. 178. Universal History, vol. 1. p. 261.
F8 Geograph. l. 11. p. 363.

Genesis 9:20 In-Context

18 The sons of Noah who came out of the ark were Shem, Ham and Japheth. (Ham was the father of Canaan.)
19 These were the three sons of Noah, and from them came the people who were scattered over the whole earth.
20 Noah, a man of the soil, proceeded to plant a vineyard.
21 When he drank some of its wine, he became drunk and lay uncovered inside his tent.
22 Ham, the father of Canaan, saw his father naked and told his two brothers outside.

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. Or "soil, was the first"
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