Genesis 14:14-24

14 When Abram heard that his relative had been taken captive, he called out the 318 trained men born in his household and went in pursuit as far as Dan.
15 During the night Abram divided his men to attack them and he routed them, pursuing them as far as Hobah, north of Damascus.
16 He recovered all the goods and brought back his relative Lot and his possessions, together with the women and the other people.
17 After Abram returned from defeating Kedorlaomer and the kings allied with him, the king of Sodom came out to meet him in the Valley of Shaveh (that is, the King’s Valley).
18 Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. He was priest of God Most High,
19 and he blessed Abram, saying, “Blessed be Abram by God Most High, Creator of heaven and earth.
20 And praise be to God Most High, who delivered your enemies into your hand.” Then Abram gave him a tenth of everything.
21 The king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give me the people and keep the goods for yourself.”
22 But Abram said to the king of Sodom, “With raised hand I have sworn an oath to the LORD, God Most High, Creator of heaven and earth,
23 that I will accept nothing belonging to you, not even a thread or the strap of a sandal, so that you will never be able to say, ‘I made Abram rich.’
24 I will accept nothing but what my men have eaten and the share that belongs to the men who went with me—to Aner, Eshkol and Mamre. Let them have their share.”

Genesis 14:14-24 Meaning and Commentary

INTRODUCTION TO GENESIS 14

This chapter gives an account of a war that was waged, and a battle fought between four kings on one side, and five on the other, and of the occasion and issue of it, who were the first kings, and this the first battle the Scriptures speak of, Ge 14:1-11; Lot and his goods being taken and carried off, with those of Sodom, by the conquerors, Abram hearing of it armed his men, and pursued after them, and overtook and overcame them, and rescued Lot and his goods, with others, and returned, Ge 14:12-16; when he was met by the kings of Sodom and Salem, who congratulated him on his victory, Ge 14:17-19; and what passed between him, and those great personages, is related, Ge 14:20-24.

Genesis 14:14-24 In-Context

12 They also carried off Abram’s nephew Lot and his possessions, since he was living in Sodom.
13 A man who had escaped came and reported this to Abram the Hebrew. Now Abram was living near the great trees of Mamre the Amorite, a brother of Eshkol and Aner, all of whom were allied with Abram.
14 When Abram heard that his relative had been taken captive, he called out the 318 trained men born in his household and went in pursuit as far as Dan.
15 During the night Abram divided his men to attack them and he routed them, pursuing them as far as Hobah, north of Damascus.
16 He recovered all the goods and brought back his relative Lot and his possessions, together with the women and the other people.
17 After Abram returned from defeating Kedorlaomer and the kings allied with him, the king of Sodom came out to meet him in the Valley of Shaveh (that is, the King’s Valley).
18 Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. He was priest of God Most High,
19 and he blessed Abram, saying, “Blessed be Abram by God Most High, Creator of heaven and earth.
20 And praise be to God Most High, who delivered your enemies into your hand.” Then Abram gave him a tenth of everything.
21 The king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give me the people and keep the goods for yourself.”
22 But Abram said to the king of Sodom, “With raised hand I have sworn an oath to the LORD, God Most High, Creator of heaven and earth,
23 that I will accept nothing belonging to you, not even a thread or the strap of a sandal, so that you will never be able to say, ‘I made Abram rich.’
24 I will accept nothing but what my men have eaten and the share that belongs to the men who went with me—to Aner, Eshkol and Mamre. Let them have their share.”

Cross References 29

  • 1. ver 12
  • 2. Deuteronomy 4:9; Proverbs 22:6
  • 3. S Genesis 12:5; Genesis 15:3
  • 4. Deuteronomy 34:1; Judges 18:29; 1 Kings 15:20
  • 5. Judges 7:16
  • 6. Genesis 15:2; 2 Samuel 8:5; 1 Kings 20:34; 2 Kings 16:9; Isaiah 7:8; Isaiah 8:4; Isaiah 10:9; Isaiah 17:1; Jeremiah 49:23,27; Ezekiel 27:18; Amos 1:3-5
  • 7. 1 Samuel 30:8,18
  • 8. S ver 11
  • 9. S ver 1
  • 10. S ver 10
  • 11. 2 Samuel 18:18
  • 12. Psalms 110:4; Hebrews 5:6; Hebrews 7:17,21
  • 13. Psalms 76:2; Hebrews 7:2
  • 14. S Genesis 3:19
  • 15. Judges 9:13; Judges 19:19; Esther 1:10; Psalms 104:15; Proverbs 31:6; Ecclesiastes 10:19; Song of Songs 1:2
  • 16. ver 22; Psalms 7:8,17; Daniel 7:27
  • 17. Hebrews 7:6
  • 18. ver 18
  • 19. ver 22; S Genesis 1:1; Genesis 24:3; Joshua 2:11; Psalms 148:5; Matthew 11:25
  • 20. S Genesis 9:26; S Genesis 24:27
  • 21. Genesis 28:22; Deuteronomy 14:22; Deuteronomy 26:12; Luke 18:12; Hebrews 7:4
  • 22. S ver 10
  • 23. S ver 11
  • 24. S ver 10
  • 25. Exodus 6:8; Numbers 14:30; Deuteronomy 32:40; Nehemiah 9:15; Ezekiel 20:5; Daniel 12:7; Revelation 10:5-6
  • 26. S ver 18
  • 27. S ver 19
  • 28. 1 Samuel 15:3,19; 2 Kings 5:16; Esther 8:11; Esther 9:10,15
  • 29. S Genesis 13:18