Jeremiah 31:4

4 I will build you up again, and you, Virgin Israel, will be rebuilt. Again you will take up your timbrels and go out to dance with the joyful.

Read Jeremiah 31:4 Using Other Translations

Again I will build thee, and thou shalt be built, O virgin of Israel: thou shalt again be adorned with thy tabrets, and shalt go forth in the dances of them that make merry.
Again I will build you, and you shall be built, O virgin Israel! Again you shall adorn yourself with tambourines and shall go forth in the dance of the merrymakers.
I will rebuild you, my virgin Israel. You will again be happy and dance merrily with your tambourines.

What does Jeremiah 31:4 mean?

John Gill's Exposition of the Bible
Jeremiah 31:4

Again, I will build thee, and thou shalt be built, O virgin of
The same with "all the families of Israel", ( Jeremiah 31:1 ) ; who, when converted, will be espoused to Christ as a chaste virgin; have a sincere affection for him; unfeigned faith in him, and purely worship him; receiving the pure doctrines of the Gospel, and submitting to the ordinances of it; and then will the church, comparable to a building, consisting of lively stones, laid upon the foundation Christ, which is fallen down, and lies in ruins, be rebuilt, and none shall hinder it; and a glorious building it will be, and will continue so, when its stones are laid with fair colours; its foundations with sapphires; its windows made of agates; its gates of carbuncles; and all its borders of pleasant stones, ( Isaiah 54:11 Isaiah 54:12 ) ( Acts 15:16 ) ; thou shalt again be adorned with thy tabrets;
or timbrels, instruments of music, such as women used at times of public joy and mirth, ( Exodus 15:20 ) ( Judges 11:34 ) ( 1 Samuel 18:6 ) ; which became them, and were very ornamental to them; and their playing on these was usually attended with dancing; hence it follows: and shalt go forth in the dances of them that make merry;
phrases expressive of spiritual joy, which will be in the hearts of the saints, and expressed by the behaviour of them at the time of the conversion of the, Jews, which will be the marriage of the Lamb; and when the bride will be ready, being adorned with the robe of Christ's righteousness, and with the graces of his Spirit, and be brought into his presence, accompanied with a chorus of virgins her companions, undefiled ones, having harps in their hands, singing the Lamb's new song; see ( Revelation 14:2-4 ) ( 19:7-9 ) ( Psalms 45:13-15 ) .

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