John 3:13

13 No one has ever gone into heaven except the one who came from heaven—the Son of Man.[a]

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John 3:13 in Other Translations

KJV
13 And no man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, even the Son of man which is in heaven.
ESV
13 No one has ascended into heaven except he who descended from heaven, the Son of Man.
NLT
13 No one has ever gone to heaven and returned. But the Son of Man has come down from heaven.
MSG
13 "No one has ever gone up into the presence of God except the One who came down from that Presence, the Son of Man.
CSB
13 No one has ascended into heaven except the One who descended from heaven-the Son of Man.

John 3:13 Meaning and Commentary

John 3:13

And no man hath ascended into heaven
Though Enoch and Elias had, yet not by their own power, nor in the sense our Lord designs; whose meaning is, that no man had, or could go up to heaven, to bring from thence the knowledge of divine and heavenly things; in which sense the phrase is used in ( Deuteronomy 30:12 ) ( Romans 10:6 ) , and which may be illustrated by ( John 1:18 ) ; wherefore inasmuch as Nicodemus had acknowledged Christ to he a teacher come from God, our Lord, would have him know, that he was the only teacher of heavenly things, as being the only person that had been in heaven, and in the bosom of the Father; and therefore, if he, and the rest of the Jews, did not receive instructions from him, they must for ever remain ignorant; for there never had been, nor was, nor could be, any mere man that could go up to heaven, and learn the mysteries of God, and of the kingdom of heaven, and return and instruct men in them:

but he that came down from heaven;
meaning himself, who is the Lord from heaven, and came from thence to do the will of God by preaching the Gospel, working miracles, obeying the law, and suffering death in the room of his people, and thereby obtaining eternal redemption for them. Not that he brought down from heaven with him, either the whole of his human nature, or a part of it; either an human soul, or an human body; nor did he descend locally, by change of place, he being God omnipresent, infinite and immense, but by assumption of the human nature into union with his divine person:

[even] the son of man which is in heaven;
at the same time he was then on earth: not that he was in heaven in his human nature, and as he was the son of man; but in his divine nature, as he was the Son of God; see ( John 1:18 ) ; though this is predicated of his person, as denominated from the human nature, which was proper to him only in his divine nature; for such is omnipresence, or to be in heaven and earth at the same time: just as on the other hand God is said to purchase the church with his blood, and the Lord of glory is said to be crucified, ( Acts 20:28 ) ( 1 Corinthians 2:8 ) , where those things are spoken of Christ, as denominated from his divine nature, which were proper only to his human nature; and is what divines call a communication of idioms or properties; and which will serve as a key to open all such passages of Scripture: and now as a proof of our Lord's having been in heaven, and of his being a teacher come from God, and such an one as never was, or can be, he opens and explains a type respecting himself, in the following verse.

John 3:13 In-Context

11 Very truly I tell you, we speak of what we know, and we testify to what we have seen, but still you people do not accept our testimony.
12 I have spoken to you of earthly things and you do not believe; how then will you believe if I speak of heavenly things?
13 No one has ever gone into heaven except the one who came from heaven—the Son of Man.
14 Just as Moses lifted up the snake in the wilderness, so the Son of Man must be lifted up,
15 that everyone who believes may have eternal life in him.”

Cross References 3

  • 1. Proverbs 30:4; Acts 2:34; Ephesians 4:8-10
  • 2. ver 31; John 6:38,42; Hebrews 4:14; Hebrews 9:24
  • 3. S Matthew 8:20

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. Some manuscripts "Man, who is in heaven"
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