Joshua 10:10

10 The LORD threw them into confusion before Israel, so Joshua and the Israelites defeated them completely at Gibeon. Israel pursued them along the road going up to Beth Horon and cut them down all the way to Azekah and Makkedah.

Joshua 10:10 in Other Translations

KJV
10 And the LORD discomfited them before Israel, and slew them with a great slaughter at Gibeon, and chased them along the way that goeth up to Bethhoron, and smote them to Azekah, and unto Makkedah.
ESV
10 And the LORD threw them into a panic before Israel, who struck them with a great blow at Gibeon and chased them by the way of the ascent of Beth-horon and struck them as far as Azekah and Makkedah.
NLT
10 The LORD threw them into a panic, and the Israelites slaughtered great numbers of them at Gibeon. Then the Israelites chased the enemy along the road to Beth-horon, killing them all along the way to Azekah and Makkedah.
MSG
10 God threw them into total confusion before Israel, a major victory at Gibeon. Israel chased them along the ridge to Beth Horon and fought them all the way down to Azekah and Makkedah.
CSB
10 The Lord threw them into confusion before Israel. He defeated them in a great slaughter at Gibeon, chased them through the ascent of Beth-horon, and struck them down as far as Azekah and Makkedah.

Joshua 10:10 Meaning and Commentary

Joshua 10:10

And the Lord discomfited them before Israel
Disturbed, troubled, and frightened them, at the appearance and presence of the people of Israel; they were thrown into terror and confusion upon their approach, being so sudden and unexpected:

and slew them with a great slaughter at Gibeon;
by the Israelites, who came upon them suddenly:

and chased them along the way that goeth up to Bethhoron;
there were two places of this name, the upper and the nether, both built by Sherah, the daughter or granddaughter of Ephraim, ( 1 Chronicles 7:24 ) ; therefore here so called by anticipation. It was about an hundred furlongs, or twelve miles and a half, according to Josephus F15, from Jerusalem, which agrees with Eusebius and Jerom; and from Gibeon thither, it was fifty furlongs, or six miles and a quarter; so far the kings were pursued by Joshua and his army, at least unto the ascent of it; for being built on a hill, it had an ascent on one side, and a descent on the other, after mentioned, and both were very narrow passages; of the former it is said in the Talmud F16, that if two camels go up the ascent to Bethhoron, they both fall; upon which the gloss says, it is a narrow place, and there is no way to turn to the right hand, or the left:

and smote them to Azekah, and unto Makkedah;
the former of which is placed by Jerom F17 between Eleutheropolis and Jerusalem, and was a village in his days, and the other eight miles from Eleutheropolis, and both in the tribe of Judah, see ( Joshua 15:35 Joshua 15:41 ) ; according to Bunting {r}, they were both eight miles from Jerusalem towards the west.


FOOTNOTES:

F15 Antiqu. l. 20. c. 4. sect. 4.
F16 T. Bab. Sanhedrin, fol. 32. 2.
F17 De loc. Heb. fol. 88. A. & 93. C.
F18 Travels p. 98.

Joshua 10:10 In-Context

8 The LORD said to Joshua, “Do not be afraid of them; I have given them into your hand. Not one of them will be able to withstand you.”
9 After an all-night march from Gilgal, Joshua took them by surprise.
10 The LORD threw them into confusion before Israel, so Joshua and the Israelites defeated them completely at Gibeon. Israel pursued them along the road going up to Beth Horon and cut them down all the way to Azekah and Makkedah.
11 As they fled before Israel on the road down from Beth Horon to Azekah, the LORD hurled large hailstones down on them, and more of them died from the hail than were killed by the swords of the Israelites.
12 On the day the LORD gave the Amorites over to Israel, Joshua said to the LORD in the presence of Israel: “Sun, stand still over Gibeon, and you, moon, over the Valley of Aijalon.”

Cross References 6

  • 1. S Exodus 14:24
  • 2. S Deuteronomy 7:23
  • 3. S Joshua 9:3
  • 4. Joshua 16:3,5; Joshua 18:13,14; Joshua 21:22; 1 Samuel 13:18; 1 Kings 9:17; 1 Chronicles 6:68; 1 Chronicles 7:24; 2 Chronicles 8:5; 2 Chronicles 25:13
  • 5. Joshua 15:35; 1 Samuel 17:1; 2 Chronicles 11:9; Nehemiah 11:30; Jeremiah 34:7
  • 6. ver 16,17,21; Joshua 12:16; Joshua 15:41