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Joshua 12:5

5 He ruled over Mount Hermon, Salekah, all of Bashan to the border of the people of Geshur and Maakah, and half of Gilead to the border of Sihon king of Heshbon.

Read Joshua 12:5 Using Other Translations

And reigned in mount Hermon, and in Salcah, and in all Bashan, unto the border of the Geshurites and the Maachathites, and half Gilead, the border of Sihon king of Heshbon.
and ruled over Mount Hermon and Salecah and all Bashan to the boundary of the Geshurites and the Maacathites, and over half of Gilead to the boundary of Sihon king of Heshbon.
He ruled a territory stretching from Mount Hermon to Salecah in the north and to all of Bashan in the east, and westward to the borders of the kingdoms of Geshur and Maacah. This territory included the northern half of Gilead, as far as the boundary of King Sihon of Heshbon.

What does Joshua 12:5 mean?

John Gill's Exposition of the Bible
Joshua 12:5

And reigned in Mount Hermon
That is, over all the people that inhabited that mount or dwelt under it, ( Joshua 11:17 ) , and adjacent to it, of which mountain, (See Gill on Deuteronomy 3:8) and (See Gill on Deuteronomy 3:9);

and in Salcah:
which was a city belonging to the kingdom of Og, ( Deuteronomy 3:10 ) ;

and in all Bashan;
or Batanea, a country famous for pasturage, ( Micah 7:14 ) ( Jeremiah 50:19 ) , and for fat cattle, ( Ezekiel 39:18 ) , and for oaks, ( Isaiah 2:13 ) ( Ezekiel 27:6 ) ( Zechariah 11:2 ) , frequently mentioned in Scripture:

unto the border of the Geshurites, and the Maachathites;
which were two nations the Israelites never expelled, ( Joshua 13:13 ) ; of which see ( Deuteronomy 3:14 ) ;

and half Gilead;
which belonged to Og, as the other half did to Sihon, before observed, which was as follows:

the border of Sihon king of Heshbon;
here the two kingdoms joined, even in the midst of Gilead, which was divided between them, but now wholly fell into the hands of Israel.

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