This will be a Sabbath day of complete rest for you, and on that day you must deny yourselves. This day of rest will begin at sundown on the ninth day of the month and extend until sundown on the tenth day.”
and ye shall afflict your souls; in the ninth [day] of the
month at even;
the fast was to begin at the close of the ninth day, and to
continue to the end of the tenth; so Maimonides F18: he
begins to fast and afflict himself at the evening of the ninth
next to the tenth; and so at the going out of it he continues in
his affliction a little while of the night of the eleventh, next
to the tenth, which is confirmed by what follows:
from even unto even shall ye celebrate your
which some understand of the sabbath in general; but it seems to
have a particular respect to the sabbath of the day of atonement,
which was to last from the evening of the ninth to the evening of
the tenth day.
F17 R. Alphes, par. 1. Yom Hacippurim, c. 1.
fol. 357. 2. F18 Ut supra, (Maimon. Hilchot Shebitat
Asher) c. 1. sect. 6.