Leviticus 23:9-21

Offering the Firstfruits

9 The LORD said to Moses,
10 “Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘When you enter the land I am going to give you and you reap its harvest, bring to the priest a sheaf of the first grain you harvest.
11 He is to wave the sheaf before the LORD so it will be accepted on your behalf; the priest is to wave it on the day after the Sabbath.
12 On the day you wave the sheaf, you must sacrifice as a burnt offering to the LORD a lamb a year old without defect,
13 together with its grain offering of two-tenths of an ephah[a] of the finest flour mixed with olive oil—a food offering presented to the LORD, a pleasing aroma—and its drink offering of a quarter of a hin[b] of wine.
14 You must not eat any bread, or roasted or new grain, until the very day you bring this offering to your God. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come, wherever you live.

The Festival of Weeks

15 “ ‘From the day after the Sabbath, the day you brought the sheaf of the wave offering, count off seven full weeks.
16 Count off fifty days up to the day after the seventh Sabbath, and then present an offering of new grain to the LORD.
17 From wherever you live, bring two loaves made of two-tenths of an ephah of the finest flour, baked with yeast, as a wave offering of firstfruits to the LORD.
18 Present with this bread seven male lambs, each a year old and without defect, one young bull and two rams. They will be a burnt offering to the LORD, together with their grain offerings and drink offerings—a food offering, an aroma pleasing to the LORD.
19 Then sacrifice one male goat for a sin offering[c] and two lambs, each a year old, for a fellowship offering.
20 The priest is to wave the two lambs before the LORD as a wave offering, together with the bread of the firstfruits. They are a sacred offering to the LORD for the priest.
21 On that same day you are to proclaim a sacred assembly and do no regular work. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come, wherever you live.

Leviticus 23:9-21 Meaning and Commentary


In this chapter an account is given of the several holy days, times, and seasons, appointed by God, under the general names of feasts and holy convocations; and first of the sabbath, Le 23:1-4; then of the passover and feast of unleavened bread, Le 23:5-8; to which is annexed the sheaf of the firstfruits, Le 23:9-14; after that of the feast of weeks or pentecost, Le 23:15-22; and of the feast of trumpets, Le 23:23-25; and of the day of atonement, Le 23:26-32; and of the feast of tabernacles, Le 23:33-44.

Cross References 23

  • 1. Numbers 15:2,18
  • 2. S Leviticus 19:9
  • 3. S Leviticus 19:9; Exodus 23:16,19; Exodus 34:26
  • 4. S Exodus 22:29; S Exodus 34:22; Romans 11:16
  • 5. S Exodus 29:24
  • 6. S Exodus 28:38
  • 7. S Leviticus 12:6
  • 8. S Exodus 12:5
  • 9. Leviticus 2:14-16; S Leviticus 6:20
  • 10. ver 17; Leviticus 24:5; Numbers 15:6; Numbers 28:9
  • 11. S Genesis 35:14
  • 12. S Leviticus 10:9
  • 13. Joshua 5:11; Ruth 2:14; 1 Samuel 17:17; 1 Samuel 25:18; 2 Samuel 17:28
  • 14. Exodus 34:26
  • 15. Leviticus 3:17; Numbers 10:8; Numbers 15:21
  • 16. Jeremiah 2:3
  • 17. Numbers 28:26; Acts 2:1; Acts 20:16
  • 18. S ver 13
  • 19. S Exodus 34:22; Leviticus 2:12
  • 20. ver 13; Exodus 29:41; Exodus 30:9; Exodus 37:16; Jeremiah 19:13; Jeremiah 44:18
  • 21. S Exodus 29:24
  • 22. S ver 2; Exodus 32:5
  • 23. S ver 3

Footnotes 3

  • [a]. That is, probably about 7 pounds or about 3.2 kilograms; also in verse 17
  • [b]. That is, about 1 quart or about 1 liter
  • [c]. Or "purification offering"
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