Luke 3:24

24 son of Matthat, son of Levi, son of Melchi, son of Jannai,

Luke 3:24 Meaning and Commentary

Luke 3:24

Which was the son of Matthat, which was the son of Levi,
&c.] These two, Grotius says, are omitted in the ancient exemplars; and he thinks they ought to be left out; and for which he mentions the authorities of Irenaeus, Africanus, Eusebius, Nazianzen, Jerom, and Augustin: but not only the Vulgate Latin, but all the Oriental versions, retain them:

which was the son of Melchi:
and who, he thinks, was the immediate father of Eli:

which was the son of Janna:
frequent mention is made, in the Jewish writings F5 of (aklm yany) , "king Jannai", who is said to be the same with king Jochanan, or John, the son of Simeon, the son of Mattithiah, that was called Hyrcanus; and his son Alexander, that reigned after him, was also called Jannai F6; but whether either of these is the same with this Janna, is not certain: but this may be observed, that they were both before the times of Herod, and the birth of Jesus, some years. And Jannai is called; in the chronicle of Jedidiah of Alexandria, or Philo the Jew F7, Hyrcanus the second, who reigned sixteen years:

which was the son of Joseph.
This Joseph, according to the same chronicle, is called Joseph the second, and surnamed Arsis, and was greatly honoured by Ptolemy, and governed sixty years; and accordingly we shall meet with another Joseph anon.


F5 T. Hieros. Beracot, fol. 11. 2. & passim.
F6 Juchasin. fol. 15. 1. & 16. 2.
F7 Apud. Vorst. Not. ad. Chronol. R. David Ganz, p. 311.

Luke 3:24 In-Context

22 and the Holy Spirit, like a dove descending, came down on him. And along with the Spirit, a voice: "You are my Son, chosen and marked by my love, pride of my life." Son of Adam, Son of God
23 When Jesus entered public life he was about thirty years old, the son (in public perception) of Joseph, who was - son of Heli,
24 son of Matthat, son of Levi, son of Melchi, son of Jannai,
25 son of Joseph, son of Mattathias, son of Amos, son of Nahum, son of Esli, son of Naggai,
26 son of Maath, son of Mattathias, son of Semein, son of Josech, son of Joda,
Published by permission. Originally published by NavPress in English as THE MESSAGE: The Bible in Contemporary Language copyright 2002 by Eugene Peterson. All rights reserved.