You Can Provide Clean Water to Persecuted Christians

2 Corinthians 8

Great Generosity

1 Now, brethren, we wish to make known to you the grace of God which has been 1given in the churches of 2Macedonia,
2 that in a great ordeal of affliction their abundance of joy and their deep poverty overflowed in the 3wealth of their liberality.
3 For I testify that 4according to their ability, and beyond their ability, they gave of their own accord,
4 begging us with much urging for the 5favor of participation in the 6support of the saints,
5 and this, not as we had expected, but they first 7gave themselves to the Lord and to us by 8the will of God.
6 So we 9urged 10Titus that as he had previously 11made a beginning, so he would also complete in you 12this gracious work as well.
7 But just as you 13abound 14in everything, in faith and utterance and knowledge and in all earnestness and in the love we inspired in you, see that you 15abound in this gracious work also.
8 I 16am not speaking this as a command, but as proving through the earnestness of others the sincerity of your love also.
9 For you know 17the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that 18though He was rich, yet for your sake He became poor, so that you through His poverty might become rich.
10 I 19give my opinion in this matter, for this is to your advantage, who were the first to begin 20a year ago not only to do this, but also to desire to do it.
11 But now finish doing it also, so that just as there was the 21readiness to desire it, so there may be also the completion of it by your ability.
12 For if the readiness is present, it is acceptable 22according to what a person has, not according to what he does not have.
13 For this is not for the ease of others and for your affliction, but by way of equality -
14 at this present time your abundance being a supply for 23their need, so that their abundance also may become a supply for 24your need, that there may be equality;
15 as it is written, "25HE WHO gathered MUCH DID NOT HAVE TOO MUCH, AND HE WHO gathered LITTLE HAD NO LACK."
16 But 26thanks be to God who 27puts the same earnestness on your behalf in the heart of 28Titus.
17 For he not only accepted our 29appeal, but being himself very earnest, he has gone to you of his own accord.
18 We have sent along with him 30the brother whose fame in the things of the 31gospel has spread through 32all the churches;
19 33and not only this, but he has also been 34appointed by the churches to travel with us in 35this gracious work, which is being administered by us for the glory of the Lord Himself, and to show our 36readiness,
20 taking precaution so that no one will discredit us in our administration of this generous gift;
21 for we 37have regard for what is honorable, not only in 38the sight of the Lord, but also in the sight of men.
22 We have sent with them our brother, whom we have often tested and found diligent in many things, but now even more diligent because of his great confidence in you.
23 As for 39Titus, he is my 40partner and fellow worker among you; as for our 41brethren, they are 42messengers of the churches, 43a glory to Christ.
24 Therefore openly before * the churches, show them the proof of your love and of our 44reason for boasting about you.

2 Corinthians 8 Commentary

Chapter 8

The apostle reminds them of charitable contributions for the poor saints. (1-6) Enforces this by their gifts, and by the love and grace of Christ. (7-9) By the willingness they had shown to this good work. (10-15) He recommends Titus to them. (16-24)

Verses 1-6 The grace of God must be owned as the root and fountain of all the good in us, or done by us, at any time. It is great grace and favour from God, if we are made useful to others, and forward to any good work. He commends the charity of the Macedonians. So far from needing that Paul should urge them, they prayed him to receive the gift. Whatever we use or lay out for God, it is only giving him what is his own. All we give for charitable uses, will not be accepted of God, nor turn to our advantage, unless we first give ourselves to the Lord. By ascribing all really good works to the grace of God, we not only give the glory to him whose due it is, but also show men where their strength is. Abundant spiritual joy enlarges men's hearts in the work and labour of love. How different this from the conduct of those who will not join in any good work, unless urged into it!

Verses 7-9 Faith is the root; and as without faith it is not possible to please God, ( Hebrews 11:6 ) , so those who abound in faith, will abound in other graces and good works also; and this will work and show itself by love. Great talkers are not always the best doers; but these Corinthians were diligent to do, as well as to know and talk well. To all these good things the apostle desires them to add this grace also, to abound in charity to the poor. The best arguments for Christian duties, are drawn from the grace and love of Christ. Though he was rich, as being God, equal in power and glory with the Father, yet he not only became man for us, but became poor also. At length he emptied himself, as it were, to ransom their souls by his sacrifice on the cross. From what riches, blessed Lord, to what poverty didst thou descend for our sakes! and to what riches hast thou advanced us through thy poverty! It is our happiness to be wholly at thy disposal.

Verses 10-15 Good purposes are like buds and blossoms, pleasant to behold, and give hopes of good fruit; but they are lost, and signify nothing without good deeds. Good beginnings are well; but we lose the benefit, unless there is perseverance. When men purpose that which is good, and endeavour, according to their ability, to perform also, God will not reject them for what it is not in their power to do. But this scripture will not justify those who think good meanings are enough, or that good purposes, and the mere profession of a willing mind, are enough to save. Providence gives to some more of the good things of this world, and to some less, that those who have abundance might supply others who are in want. It is the will of God, that by our mutual supplying one another, there should be some sort of equality; not such a levelling as would destroy property, for in such a case there could be no exercise of charity. All should think themselves concerned to relieve those in want. This is shown from the gathering and giving out the manna in the wilderness, ( Exodus 16:18 ) . Those who have most of this world, have no more than food and raiment; and those who have but little of this world, seldom are quite without them.

Verses 16-24 The apostle commends the brethren sent to collect their charity, that it might be known who they were, and how safely they might be trusted. It is the duty of all Christians to act prudently; to hinder, as far as we can, all unjust suspicions. It is needful, in the first place, to act uprightly in the sight of God, but things honest in the sight of men should also be attended to. A clear character, as well as a pure conscience, is requisite for usefulness. They brought glory to Christ as instruments, and had obtained honour from Christ to be counted faithful, and employed in his service. The good opinion others have of us, should be an argument with us to do well.

Cross References 44

  • 1. 2 Corinthians 8:5
  • 2. Acts 16:9
  • 3. Romans 2:4
  • 4. 1 Corinthians 16:2; 2 Corinthians 8:11
  • 5. Acts 24:17; Romans 15:25
  • 6. Romans 15:31; 2 Corinthians 8:19; 2 Corinthians 9:1, 12
  • 7. 2 Corinthians 8:1
  • 8. 1 Corinthians 1:1
  • 9. 2 Corinthians 8:17; 2 Corinthians 12:18
  • 10. 2 Corinthians 2:13; 2 Corinthians 8:16, 23
  • 11. 2 Corinthians 8:10
  • 12. Acts 24:17; Romans 15:25
  • 13. 2 Corinthians 9:8
  • 14. Romans 15:14; 1 Corinthians 1:5; 1 Corinthians 12:8
  • 15. 2 Corinthians 9:8
  • 16. 1 Corinthians 7:6
  • 17. 2 Corinthians 13:14
  • 18. Matthew 20:28; 2 Corinthians 6:10; Philippians 2:6
  • 19. 1 Corinthians 7:25, 40
  • 20. 1 Corinthians 16:2; 2 Corinthians 9:2
  • 21. 2 Corinthians 8:12, 19; 2 Corinthians 9:2
  • 22. Mark 12:43; Luke 21:3, 4; 2 Corinthians 9:7
  • 23. Acts 4:34; 2 Corinthians 9:12
  • 24. Acts 4:34; 2 Corinthians 9:12
  • 25. Exodus 16:18
  • 26. 2 Corinthians 2:14
  • 27. Revelation 17:17
  • 28. 2 Corinthians 2:13; 2 Corinthians 8:6, 23
  • 29. 2 Corinthians 8:6; 2 Corinthians 12:18
  • 30. 1 Corinthians 16:3; 2 Corinthians 12:18
  • 31. 2 Corinthians 2:12
  • 32. 1 Corinthians 4:17; 1 Corinthians 7:17
  • 33. Romans 5:3
  • 34. Acts 14:23; 1 Corinthians 16:3
  • 35. 2 Corinthians 8:4, 6
  • 36. 2 Corinthians 8:11, 12; 2 Corinthians 9:2
  • 37. Romans 12:17
  • 38. Proverbs 3:4; Romans 14:18
  • 39. 2 Corinthians 8:6
  • 40. Philemon 17
  • 41. 2 Corinthians 8:18, 22
  • 42. John 13:16; Philippians 2:25
  • 43. 1 Corinthians 11:7
  • 44. 2 Corinthians 7:4

Footnotes 11

  • [a]. Lit "and"
  • [b]. Lit "service to the saints"
  • [c]. Or "holy ones"
  • [d]. Lit "hoped"
  • [e]. Lit "love from us in you;" one early ms reads "your love for us"
  • [f]. Lit "the doing"
  • [g]. Lit "avoiding this"
  • [h]. Lit "for you"
  • [i]. Lit "apostles"
  • [j]. Lit "in the face of the churches"
  • [k]. Or "show the proof...for boasting to them about you"

Chapter Summary


In this chapter the apostle stirs up the Corinthians, to make a collection for the poor saints at Jerusalem, by a variety of arguments, and gives a commendation of Titus and some other brethren, who were appointed messengers to them on that account. He first sets before them the example of the Macedonian churches, who had made a liberal collection for the above persons; which the apostle calls the grace of God, and says it was bestowed on them; and it was not the generosity of one church only, but of many, and so worthy of imitation, 2Co 8:1 which generosity of theirs he illustrates by the circumstances and condition they were in, they were not only in great affliction, but in deep poverty; and yet contributed with abundance of joy, and in great liberality, 2Co 8:2 yea, this they did not only to the utmost of their power, and according to the best of their abilities; but their will was beyond their power, they had hearts to do more than they were able; and what they did, they did of themselves without being asked and urged to it, 2Co 8:3 nay, they even entreated the apostle and his fellow ministers to take the money they had collected, and either send or carry it to the poor saints at Jerusalem, and minister it to them themselves, 2Co 8:4 and which was beyond the expectation of the apostle, who knew their case; and yet it was but acting like themselves, who at first gave themselves to the Lord and to the apostles by the will of God, 2Co 8:5 and this forwardness and readiness of the Macedonian churches, or the churches themselves put the apostle upon desiring Titus to go to Corinth, and finish the collection he had begun; and which carries in it more arguments than one to excite them to this service; as that this was not only at the request of the apostle, but of the Macedonian churches, that Titus should be desired to go on this business; and besides the thing had been begun, and it would be scandalous not to finish it, 2Co 8:6 and next the apostle argues from their abounding in the exercise of other graces, which he enumerates, that they would also in this, 2Co 8:7 for to excel in one grace, and not in another, was not to their praise and honour; however, he did not urge them to this in an imperious way, and to show and exercise his authority; but was moved unto it through the generous example of others, and that there might be a proof of their sincere love and affection to the Lord, and to his people, 2Co 8:8 but as what he wisely judged would have the greatest weight with them; he proposes to them the example of Christ, and instances in his great love to them; who though was rich became poor for them, that they might be enriched through his poverty, 2Co 8:9 and therefore should freely contribute to his poor saints. Moreover, inasmuch as the apostle did not take upon him to command, only give advice, he should be regarded; and that the rather because what he advised to was expedient for them, would be for their good, and be profitable to them; as well as prevent reproach and scandal, which would follow should they not finish what they had begun so long ago, 2Co 8:10 wherefore he exhorts them cheerfully to perform what they had shown a readiness to; and points out unto them the rule and measure of it, that it should be out of their own, what they were possessed of, and according to their ability; which be it more or less would be acceptable to God, 2Co 8:11,12 for his meaning was not that some should be eased and others burdened; but that all should communicate according to what they had, 2Co 8:13 to which he stimulates them from the hope of the recompence of reward, whenever it should be otherwise with them than it was, and things should change both with them who communicated, and with them to whom they communicated; or this was the end proposed by the apostle, that in the issue there might be an equality between them, 2Co 8:14 which he confirms and illustrates by the distribution of the manna to the Israelites, who had an equal measure, 2Co 8:15 as appears from what is said, Ex 16:18 next the apostle enters upon a commendation of the messengers, that were appointed and ordered to be sent to them upon this errand, and begins with Titus; and gives thanks to God, that had put it into his heart to be so solicitous about this matter, 2Co 8:16 and praises him for his forwardness in undertaking it of his own accord, and in performing it without being urged to it, 2Co 8:17 and next he commends another person, whose name is not mentioned, who was sent along with him; a person of note and fame in all the churches, 2Co 8:18 and who had the honour to be chosen by the churches for this service, 2Co 8:19 and the reason why more persons than one were sent, was to prevent any suspicion of converting the collections to wrong purposes; and to preserve and secure a good character, a character of honesty before God and men, 2Co 8:20,21. To these two a third was added, whose name also is not mentioned, and who had been proved to be a diligent man, and appeared more so in this matter upon the apostle's confidence in the Corinthians, that they would readily attend to the service these were sent to promote, 2Co 8:22 and thus having separately given the characters of these men, they are all of them commended again; Titus, as the apostle's partner and fellow helper; and the other brethren as the messengers of the churches, and the glory of Christ, 2Co 8:23 and the chapter is concluded with an exhortation to the members of the church at Corinth, to give these messengers a proof of their love to the poor saints before all the churches, and make it appear that he had not boasted of them in vain, 2Co 8:24.

2 Corinthians 8 Commentaries

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