2 Kings 24

Babylon Controls Jehoiakim

1 1In his days Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up, and Jehoiakim became his servant for three years; then he turned and rebelled against him.
2 The LORD sent against him 2bands of Chaldeans, 3bands of Arameans, 4bands of Moabites, and bands of Ammonites *. So He sent them against Judah to destroy it, 5according to the word of the LORD which He had spoken through His servants the prophets.
3 6Surely at the command of the LORD it came upon Judah, to remove them from His sight 7because of the sins of Manasseh, according to all that he had done,
4 and 8also for the innocent blood which he shed, for he filled Jerusalem with innocent blood; and the LORD would not forgive.
5 Now the rest of the acts of Jehoiakim and all that he did, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles * of the Kings of Judah?

Jehoiachin Reigns

6 So 9Jehoiakim slept with his fathers, and Jehoiachin his son became king in his place.
7 10The king of Egypt did not come out of his land again *, 11for the king of Babylon had taken all that belonged to the king of Egypt from 12the brook of Egypt to the river Euphrates.
8 13Jehoiachin was 14eighteen * years old when he became king, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem; and his mother's name was Nehushta the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem.
9 He did evil in the sight of the LORD, 15according to all that his father had done.

Deportation to Babylon

10 At that time the servants of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon went up to Jerusalem, and the city came under siege.
11 And Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon came to the city, while his servants were besieging * it.
12 16Jehoiachin the king of Judah went out to the king of Babylon, he and his mother and his servants and his captains and his officials. So 17the king of Babylon took him captive in the eighth year of his reign.
13 18He carried out from there all the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king's house, and 19cut in pieces all the vessels of gold 20which Solomon king of Israel had made in the temple of the LORD, just as the LORD had said.
14 Then 21he led away into exile all Jerusalem and all the captains and all the mighty men of valor, 22ten thousand captives, and 23all the craftsmen and the smiths. None remained 24except the poorest people of the land.
15 So 25he led Jehoiachin away into exile to Babylon; also the king's mother and the king's wives and his officials and the leading men of the land, he led away into exile from Jerusalem to Babylon.
16 All the men of valor, 26seven thousand, and the craftsmen and the smiths, one thousand, all strong and fit for war, and these the king of Babylon brought into exile to Babylon.

Zedekiah Made King

17 27Then the king of Babylon made his uncle Mattaniah king in his place, and changed his name to Zedekiah.
18 28Zedekiah was twenty-one * years old when he became king, and he reigned eleven * years in Jerusalem; and his mother's name was 29Hamutal the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah.
19 He did evil in the sight of the LORD, 30according to all that Jehoiakim had done.
20 For 31through the anger of the LORD this came about in Jerusalem and Judah until He cast them out from His presence. And 32Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.

2 Kings 24 Commentary

Chapter 24

Jehoiakim subdued by Nebuchadnezzar. (1-7) Jehoiachim captive in Babylon. (8-20)

Verses 1-7 If Jehoiakim had served the Lord, he had not been servant to Nebuchadnezzar. If he had been content with his servitude, and true to his word, his condition had been no worse; but, rebelling against Babylon, he plunged himself into more trouble. See what need nations have to lament the sins of their fathers, lest they smart for them. Threatenings will be fulfilled as certainly as promises, if the sinner's repentance prevent not.

Verses 8-20 Jehoiachin reigned but three months, yet long enough to show that he justly smarted for his fathers' sins, for he trod in their steps. His uncle was intrusted with the government. This Zedekiah was the last of the kings of Judah. Though the judgments of God upon the three kings before him might have warned him, he did that which was evil, like them. When those intrusted with the counsels of a nation act unwisely, and against their true interest, we ought to notice the displeasure of God in it. It is for the sins of a people that God hides from them the things that belong to the public peace. And in fulfilling the secret purposes of his justice, the Lord needs only leave men to the blindness of their own minds, or to the lusts of their own hearts. The gradual approach of Divine judgments affords sinners space for repentance, and believers leisure to prepare for meeting the calamity, while it shows the obstinacy of those who will not forsake their sins.

Cross References 32

  • 1. 2 Chronicles 36:6; Jeremiah 25:1; Daniel 1:1, 2
  • 2. Jeremiah 35:11
  • 3. 2 Kings 6:23
  • 4. 2 Kings 13:20
  • 5. 2 Kings 23:27
  • 6. 2 Kings 18:25
  • 7. 2 Kings 23:26
  • 8. 2 Kings 21:16
  • 9. Jeremiah 22:18, 19
  • 10. Jeremiah 37:5-7
  • 11. Jeremiah 46:2
  • 12. Genesis 15:18
  • 13. 1 Chronicles 3:16
  • 14. 2 Chronicles 36:9
  • 15. 2 Kings 21:2-7
  • 16. Jeremiah 22:24-30; Jeremiah 24:1; Jeremiah 29:1, 2
  • 17. 2 Chronicles 36:10
  • 18. 2 Kings 20:17; Isaiah 39:6
  • 19. 2 Kings 25:13-15
  • 20. 1 Kings 7:48-50
  • 21. Jeremiah 24:1
  • 22. 2 Kings 24:16; Jeremiah 52:28
  • 23. Jeremiah 24:1; Jeremiah 29:2
  • 24. 2 Kings 25:12
  • 25. 2 Chronicles 36:10; Jeremiah 22:24-28; Ezekiel 17:12
  • 26. 2 Kings 24:14
  • 27. 2 Chronicles 36:10-13; Jeremiah 37:1
  • 28. Jeremiah 27:1; Jeremiah 28:1; Jeremiah 52:1
  • 29. 2 Kings 23:31
  • 30. 2 Kings 23:37
  • 31. Deuteronomy 4:24; Deuteronomy 29:27; 2 Kings 23:26
  • 32. 2 Chronicles 36:13; Ezekiel 17:15

Footnotes 2

Chapter Summary


This chapter relates the rebellion of Jehoiakim against the king of Babylon, which prepared the way for the ruin of the kingdom of Judah, according to the decree of God, and also the death of Jehoiakim, and the conquest the king of Babylon made of part of the land of the king of Egypt, 2Ki 24:1-7 and the short and wicked reign of Jehoiachin his son, when he and the royal family, with great numbers of the inhabitants of the land, were carried captive to Babylon, 2Ki 24:8-16, and his uncle was made king in his room, 2Ki 24:17-20.

2 Kings 24 Commentaries

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