2 Peter 3

Purpose of This Letter

1 This is now, 1beloved, the second letter I am writing to you in which I am 2stirring up your sincere mind by way of reminder,
2 that you should 3remember the words spoken beforehand by 4the holy prophets and 5the commandment of the Lord and Savior spoken by your apostles.

The Coming Day of the Lord

3 6Know this first of all, that 7in the last days 8mockers will come with their mocking, 9following after their own lusts,
4 and saying, "10Where is the promise of His 11coming? For ever since * the fathers 12fell asleep, all continues just as it was 13from the beginning of creation."
5 For when they maintain this, it escapes their notice that 14by the word of God the heavens existed long ago and the earth was 15formed out of water and by water,
6 through which 16the world at that time was 17destroyed, being flooded with water.
7 But by His word 18the present heavens and earth are being reserved for 19fire, kept for 20the day of judgment and destruction of ungodly men.
8 But do not let this one fact escape your notice, 21beloved, that with the Lord one day is like a thousand years, and 22a thousand years like one day.
9 23The Lord is not slow about His promise, as some count slowness, but 24is patient toward you, 25not wishing for any to perish but for all to come to repentance.

A New Heaven and Earth

10 But 26the day of the Lord 27will come like a thief, in which 28the heavens 29will pass away with a roar and the 30elements will be destroyed with intense heat, and 31the earth and its works will be burned up.
11 Since all these things are to be destroyed in this way, what sort of people ought you to be in holy conduct and godliness,
12 32looking for and hastening the coming of the day of God, because of which 33the heavens will be destroyed by burning, and the 34elements will melt with intense heat!
13 But according to His 35promise we are looking for 36new heavens and a new earth, 37in which righteousness dwells.
14 38Therefore, 39beloved, since you look for these things, be diligent to be 40found by Him in peace, 41spotless and blameless,
15 and regard the 42patience of our Lord as salvation; just as also 43our beloved brother Paul, 44according to the wisdom given him, wrote to you,
16 as also in all his letters, speaking in them of 45these things, 46in which are some things hard to understand, which the untaught and 47unstable distort, as they do also 48the rest of the Scriptures, to their own destruction.
17 You therefore, 49beloved, knowing this beforehand, 50be on your guard so * that you are not carried away by 51the error of 52unprincipled men and 53fall from your own steadfastness,
18 but grow in the grace and 54knowledge of our 55Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. 56To Him be the glory, both now and to the day of eternity. Amen.

Images for 2 Peter 3

2 Peter 3 Commentary

Chapter 3

The design here is to remind of Christ's final coming to judgement. (1-4) He will appear unexpectedly, when the present frame of nature will be dissolved by fire. (5-10) From thence is inferred the need for holiness, and stedfastness in the faith. (11-18)

Verses 1-4 The purified minds of Christians are to be stirred up, that they may be active and lively in the work of holiness. There will be scoffers in the last days, under the gospel, men who make light of sin, and mock at salvation by Jesus Christ. One very principal article of our faith refers to what only has a promise to rest upon, and scoffers will attack it till our Lord is come. They will not believe that he will come. Because they see no changes, therefore they fear not God, ( Psalms 55:19 ) . What he never has done, they fancy he never can do, or never will do.

Verses 5-10 Had these scoffers considered the dreadful vengeance with which God swept away a whole world of ungodly men at once, surely they would not have scoffed at his threatening an equally terrible judgment. The heavens and the earth which now are, by the same word, it is declared, will be destroyed by fire. This is as sure to come, as the truth and the power of God can make it. Christians are here taught and established in the truth of the coming of the Lord. Though, in the account of men, there is a vast difference between one day and a thousand years, yet, in the account of God, there is no difference. All things past, present, and future, are ever before him: the delay of a thousand years cannot be so much to him, as putting off any thing for a day or for an hour is to us. If men have no knowledge or belief of the eternal God, they will be very apt to think him such as themselves. How hard is it to form any thoughts of eternity! What men count slackness, is long-suffering, and that to us-ward; it is giving more time to hisown people, to advance in knowledge and holiness, and in the exercise of faith and patience, to abound in good works, doing and suffering what they are called to, that they may bring glory to God. Settle therefore in your hearts that you shall certainly be called to give an account of all things done in the body, whether good or evil. And let a humble and diligent walking before God, and a frequent judging of yourselves, show a firm belief of the future judgment, though many live as if they were never to give any account at all. This day will come, when men are secure, and have no expectation of the day of the Lord. The stately palaces, and all the desirable things wherein wordly-minded men seek and place their happiness, shall be burned up; all sorts of creatures God has made, and all the works of men, must pass through the fire, which shall be a consuming fire to all that sin has brought into the world, though a refining fire to the works of God's hand. What will become of us, if we set our affections on this earth, and make it our portion, seeing all these things shall be burned up? Therefore make sure of happiness beyond this visible world.

Verses 11-18 From the doctrine of Christ's second coming, we are exhorted to purity and godliness. This is the effect of real knowledge. Very exact and universal holiness is enjoined, not resting in any low measure or degree. True Christians look for new heavens and a new earth; freed from the vanity to which things present are subject, and the sin they are polluted with. Those only who are clothed with the righteousness of Christ, and sanctified by the Holy Ghost, shall be admitted to dwell in this holy place. He is faithful, who has promised. Those, whose sins are pardoned, and their peace made with God, are the only safe and happy people; therefore follow after peace, and that with all men; follow after holiness as well as peace. Never expect to be found at that day of God in peace, if you are lazy and idle in this your day, in which we must finish the work given us to do. Only the diligent Christian will be the happy Christian in the day of the Lord. Our Lord will suddenly come to us, or shortly call us to him; and shall he find us idle? Learn to make a right use of the patience of our Lord, who as yet delays his coming. Proud, carnal, and corrupt men, seek to wrest some things into a seeming agreement with their wicked doctrines. But this is no reason why St. Paul's epistles, or any other part of the Scriptures, should be laid aside; for men, left to themselves, pervert every gift of God. Then let us seek to have our minds prepared for receiving things hard to be understood, by putting in practice things which are more easy to be understood. But there must be self-denial and suspicion of ourselves, and submission to the authority of Christ Jesus, before we can heartily receive all the truths of the gospel, therefore we are in great danger of rejecting the truth. And whatever opinions and thoughts of men are not according to the law of God, and warranted by it, the believer disclaims and abhors. Those who are led away by error, fall from their own stedfastness. And that we may avoid being led away, we must seek to grow in all grace, in faith, and virtue, and knowledge. Labour to know Christ more clearly, and more fully; to know him so as to be more like him, and to love him better. This is the knowledge of Christ, which the apostle Paul reached after, and desired to attain; and those who taste this effect of the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, will, upon receiving such grace from him, give thanks and praise him, and join in ascribing glory to him now, in the full assurance of doing the same hereafter, for ever.

Cross References 56

  • 1. 1 Peter 2:11; 2 Pet 3:8, 14, 17
  • 2. 2 Peter 1:13
  • 3. Jude 17
  • 4. Luke 1:70; Acts 3:21; Ephesians 3:5
  • 5. Galatians 6:2; 1 Timothy 6:14; 2 Peter 2:21
  • 6. 2 Peter 1:20
  • 7. 1 Timothy 4:1; Hebrews 1:2
  • 8. Jude 18
  • 9. 2 Peter 2:10
  • 10. Isaiah 5:19; Jeremiah 17:15; Ezekiel 11:3; Ezekiel 12:22, 27; Malachi 2:17; Matthew 24:48
  • 11. 1 Thessalonians 2:19; 2 Peter 3:12
  • 12. Acts 7:60
  • 13. Mark 10:6
  • 14. Genesis 1:6, 9; Hebrews 11:3
  • 15. Psalms 24:2; Psalms 136:6
  • 16. 2 Peter 2:5
  • 17. Genesis 7:11, 12, 21
  • 18. 2 Peter 3:10, 12
  • 19. Isaiah 66:15; Daniel 7:9; 2 Thessalonians 1:7; Hebrews 12:29
  • 20. Matthew 10:15; 1 Corinthians 3:13; Jude 7
  • 21. 2 Peter 3:1
  • 22. Psalms 90:4
  • 23. Habakkuk 2:3; Romans 13:11; Hebrews 10:37
  • 24. Romans 2:4; Revelation 2:21
  • 25. 1 Timothy 2:4; Revelation 2:21
  • 26. 1 Corinthians 1:8
  • 27. Matthew 24:43; Luke 12:39; 1 Thessalonians 5:2; Revelation 3:3; Revelation 16:15
  • 28. Isaiah 34:4; 2 Peter 3:7, 12
  • 29. Matthew 24:35; Revelation 21:1
  • 30. Isaiah 24:19; Micah 1:4
  • 31. 2 Peter 3:7
  • 32. 1 Corinthians 1:7
  • 33. 2 Peter 3:7, 10
  • 34. Isaiah 24:19; Isaiah 34:4; Micah 1:4
  • 35. Isaiah 65:17; Isaiah 66:22
  • 36. Romans 8:21; Revelation 21:1
  • 37. Isaiah 60:21; Isaiah 65:25; Revelation 21:27
  • 38. 1 Corinthians 15:58; 2 Peter 1:10
  • 39. 2 Peter 3:1
  • 40. 1 Peter 1:7
  • 41. Philippians 2:15; 1 Thessalonians 5:23; 1 Timothy 6:14; James 1:27
  • 42. 2 Peter 3:9
  • 43. Acts 9:17; Acts 15:25; 2 Peter 3:2
  • 44. 1 Corinthians 3:10; Ephesians 3:3
  • 45. 2 Peter 3:14
  • 46. Hebrews 5:11
  • 47. 2 Peter 2:14
  • 48. 2 Peter 3:2
  • 49. 2 Peter 3:1
  • 50. 1 Corinthians 10:12
  • 51. 2 Peter 2:18
  • 52. 2 Peter 2:7
  • 53. Revelation 2:5
  • 54. 2 Peter 1:2
  • 55. 2 Peter 1:11; 2 Peter 2:20
  • 56. Romans 11:36; 2 Timothy 4:18; Revelation 1:6

Footnotes 3

  • [a]. Or "they are willfully ignorant of this fact, that"
  • [b]. Lit "the works in it"
  • [c]. Two early mss read "discovered"

Chapter Summary


In this chapter the apostle makes mention of the end and design of his writing this second epistle; foretells that there would be scoffers at the coming of Christ in the last days; describes the coming of Christ and the burning of the world; and closes with the use saints should make of these things. The end of his writing both this and the former epistle was to put the persons he writes unto in mind of the doctrines and ordinances of the Gospel, delivered by the prophets and apostles, 2Pe 3:1,2; and then, agreeably to what the prophets had said, he predicts that there would be scoffers in the last day; who are described by their sinful course of life, and by their words, what they would say concerning the coming of Christ, and their reasoning about it, 2Pe 3:3,4; which arose from their ignorance of the creation of the heavens and the earth, and of the situation of them; and is refuted by showing that things have not remained as they were from the creation; that the earth standing in and out of the water, as it was capable of being overflowed with a flood, so it perished by one; and that the present heavens and earth are reserved and prepared for a general burning at the day of judgment, in which wicked men will be destroyed, 2Pe 3:5-7; but let these men scoff as they will, the length of time since the promise of Christ's coming was made should be no objection with the saints to the performance of it; since the longest term of time is nothing with God, however considerable it may be with men, 2Pe 3:8; besides, the reason of the coming of Christ being deferred, is not owing to any dilatoriness in the performance of the promise, but to the longsuffering of God towards his elect, being unwilling that anyone of them should be lost, but that all should be brought to repentance, 2Pe 3:9; but as for the coming of Christ, that is certain, and will be sudden; at which time will be the general conflagration, which is described in a very awful manner, 2Pe 3:10-12; and the use to be made of such a tremendous dispensation by the saints is to live a holy and godly conversation, 2Pe 3:11; to be eagerly looking for the coming of Christ, 2Pe 3:12, and to expect, according to his promise, new heavens and a new earth, in which will dwell righteous persons, 2Pe 3:13; and to be diligent to be found in peace at that day, 2Pe 3:14; and to account the longsuffering of God salvation; and the whole of this account, and the use of it, is strengthened by the testimony of the Apostle Paul, of whom, and of his epistles, a character is given, 2Pe 3:15,16; and the epistle is concluded with some cautions and exhortations to the saints, to beware lest they should be carried away with the errors of wicked men, and so fall from any degree of steadfastness in the faith; and to be concerned for a growth in grace, and in the knowledge of Christ Jesus, to whom glory is to be ascribed for ever and ever, 2Pe 3:17,18.

2 Peter 3 Commentaries