Daniel 11

Conflicts to Come

1 "In the 1first year of Darius the Mede, I arose to be an encouragement and a protection for him.
2 "And now I will tell you the 2truth. Behold, three more kings are going to arise in Persia. Then a fourth will gain far more riches than all of them; as soon as he becomes strong through his riches, he will arouse the whole empire against the realm of 3Greece.
3 "And a 4mighty king will arise, and he will rule with great authority and 5do as he pleases.
4 "But as soon as he has arisen, his kingdom will be broken up and parceled out 6toward the 7four points of the compass, though not to his own descendants, nor according to his authority which he wielded, for his sovereignty will be 8uprooted and given to others besides * them.
5 "Then the 9king of the South will grow strong, along with one of his princes who will gain ascendancy over him and obtain dominion; his domain will be a great dominion indeed.
6 "After some years they will form an alliance, and the daughter of the king of the South will come to the 10king of the North to carry out a peaceful arrangement. But she will not retain her position of power, nor will he remain with his power, but she will be given up, along with those who brought her in and the one who sired her as well as he who supported her in those times.
7 "But one of the descendants of her line will arise in his place, and he will come against their army and enter the 11fortress of the king of the North, and he will deal with them and display great strength.
8 "Also their 12gods with their metal images and their precious vessels of silver and gold he will take into captivity to Egypt, and he on his part will refrain from attacking the king of the North for some years.
9 "Then the latter will enter the realm of the king of the South, but will return to his own land.
10 "His sons will mobilize and assemble a multitude of great forces; and one of them will keep on coming and 13overflow and pass through, that he may again wage war up to his very fortress.
11 "The 14king of the South will be enraged and go forth and fight with the king of the North. Then the latter will raise a great multitude, but that multitude will be given into the hand of the former.
12 "When the multitude is carried away, his heart will be lifted up, and he will cause tens of thousands to fall; yet he will not prevail.
13 "For the king of the North will again raise a greater multitude than the former, and after an 15interval * of some years he will press on with a great army and much equipment.
14 "Now in those times many will rise up against the king of the South; the violent ones * among your people will also lift themselves up in order to fulfill the vision, but they will fall down.
15 "Then the king of the North will come, cast up a 16siege ramp and capture a well-fortified city; and the forces of the South will not stand their ground, not even their choicest troops, for there will be no strength to make a stand.
16 "But he who comes against him will 17do as he pleases, and 18no one will be able to withstand * him; he will also stay for a time in the 19Beautiful Land, with destruction in his hand.
17 "He will 20set his face to come with the power of his whole kingdom, bringing with him a proposal of peace which he will put into effect; he will also give him the daughter of women to ruin it. But she will not take a stand for him or be on his side.
18 "Then he will turn his face to the 21coastlands and capture many. But a commander will put a stop to his scorn against him; moreover, he will 22repay him for his scorn.
19 "So he will turn his face toward the fortresses of his own land, but he will 23stumble and fall and be 24found no more.
20 "Then in his place one will arise who will 25send an oppressor through the Jewel of his kingdom; yet within a few days he will be shattered, though not in anger nor in battle.
21 "In his place a despicable person will arise, on whom the honor of kingship has not been conferred, but he will come in a time of tranquility and 26seize the kingdom by intrigue.
22 "The overflowing 27forces will be flooded away before * him and shattered, and also the prince of the covenant.
23 "After an alliance is made with him he will practice deception, and he will go up and gain power with a small force of people.
24 "In a time of tranquility he will enter the 28richest parts of the realm, and he will accomplish what his fathers never did, nor his ancestors; he will distribute plunder, booty and possessions among them, and he will devise his schemes against strongholds, but only for a time.
25 "He will stir up his strength and courage against the 29king of the South with a large army; so the king of the South will mobilize an extremely * large and mighty army for war; but he will not stand, for schemes will be devised against him.
26 "Those who eat his choice food will destroy him, and his army will 30overflow, but many will fall down slain.
27 "As for both kings, their hearts will be intent on 31evil, and they will 32speak lies to each other at the same table; but it will not succeed, for the 33end is still to come at the appointed time.
28 "Then he will return to his land with much plunder; but his heart will be set against the holy covenant, and he will take action and then return to his own land.
29 "At the appointed time he will return and come into the South, but this last time it will not turn out the way it did before.
30 "For ships of 34Kittim will come against him; therefore he will be disheartened and will return and become enraged at the holy covenant and take action; so he will come back and show regard for those who forsake the holy covenant.
31 "Forces from him will arise, 35desecrate the sanctuary fortress, and do away with the regular sacrifice. And they will set up the 36abomination of desolation.
32 "By 37smooth words he will turn to godlessness those who act wickedly toward the covenant, but the people who know their God will display 38strength and take action.
33 "39Those who have insight among the people will give understanding to the many; yet they will 40fall by sword and by flame, by captivity and by plunder for many days.
34 "Now when they fall they will be granted a little help, and many will 41join with them in 42hypocrisy.
35 "Some of those who have insight will fall, in order to 43refine, 44purge and make them 45pure until the 46end time; because it is still to come at the appointed time.
36 "Then the king will 47do as he pleases, and he will exalt and 48magnify himself above every god and will 49speak monstrous things against the 50God of gods; and he will prosper until the 51indignation is finished, for that which is 52decreed will be done.
37 "He will show no regard for the gods of his fathers or for the desire of women, nor will he show regard for any other god; for he will magnify himself above them all.
38 "But instead he will honor a god of fortresses, a god whom his fathers did not know; he will honor him with gold, silver, costly stones and treasures.
39 "He will take action against the strongest of fortresses with the help of a foreign god; he will give great honor to those who acknowledge him and will cause them to rule over the many, and will parcel out land for a price.
40 "At the 53end time the 54king of the South will collide with him, and the 55king of the North will 56storm against him with chariots, with horsemen and with many ships; and he will enter countries, 57overflow them and pass through.
41 "He will also enter the 58Beautiful Land, and many countries will fall; but these will be rescued out of his hand: Edom, 59Moab and the foremost of the sons of 60Ammon.
42 "Then he will stretch out his hand against other countries, and the land of Egypt will not escape.
43 "But he will gain control over the hidden treasures of gold and silver and over all the precious things of Egypt; and 61Libyans and 62Ethiopians will follow at his heels.
44 "But rumors from the East and from the North will disturb him, and he will go forth with great wrath to destroy and annihilate many.
45 "He will pitch the tents of his royal pavilion between the seas and the beautiful 63Holy Mountain; yet he will come to his end, and no one will help him.

Daniel 11 Commentary

Chapter 11

The vision of the Scriptures of truth.

Verses 1-30 The angel shows Daniel the succession of the Persian and Grecian empires. The kings of Egypt and Syria are noticed: Judea was between their dominions, and affected by their contests. From ver. ( 5-30 ) , is generally considered to relate to the events which came to pass during the continuance of these governments; and from ver. ( 21 ) , to relate to Antiochus Epiphanes, who was a cruel and violent persecutor of the Jews. See what decaying, perishing things worldly pomp and possessions are, and the power by which they are gotten. God, in his providence, sets up one, and pulls down another, as he pleases. This world is full of wars and fightings, which come from men's lusts. All changes and revolutions of states and kingdoms, and every event, are plainly and perfectly foreseen by God. No word of God shall fall to the ground; but what he has designed, what he has declared, shall infallibly come to pass. While the potsherds of the earth strive with each other, they prevail and are prevailed against, deceive and are deceived; but those who know God will trust in him, and he will enable them to stand their ground, bear their cross, and maintain their conflict.

Verses 31-45 The remainder of this prophecy is very difficult, and commentators differ much respecting it. From Antiochus the account seems to pass to antichrist. Reference seems to be made to the Roman empire, the fourth monarchy, in its pagan, early Christian, and papal states. The end of the Lord's anger against his people approaches, as well as the end of his patience towards his enemies. If we would escape the ruin of the infidel, the idolater, the superstitious and cruel persecutor, as well as that of the profane, let us make the oracles of God our standard of truth and of duty, the foundation of our hope, and the light of our paths through this dark world, to the glorious inheritance above.

Cross References 63

  • 1. Daniel 5:31; Daniel 9:1
  • 2. Daniel 8:26; Daniel 10:1, 21
  • 3. Daniel 8:21; Daniel 10:20
  • 4. Daniel 8:5, 21
  • 5. Daniel 5:19; Daniel 8:4; Daniel 11:16, 36
  • 6. Daniel 8:8, 22
  • 7. Jeremiah 49:36; Ezekiel 37:9; Daniel 7:2; Daniel 8:8; Zechariah 2:6; Revelation 7:1
  • 8. Jeremiah 12:15, 17; Jeremiah 18:7
  • 9. Dan 11:9, 11, 14, 25, 40
  • 10. Dan 11:7, 13, 15, 40
  • 11. Dan 11:19, 38, 39
  • 12. Isaiah 37:19; Isaiah 46:1, 2; Jeremiah 43:12, 13
  • 13. Isaiah 8:8; Jeremiah 46:7, 8; Jeremiah 51:42; Daniel 11:26, 40
  • 14. Daniel 11:5
  • 15. Daniel 4:16; Daniel 12:7
  • 16. Jeremiah 6:6; Ezekiel 4:2; Ezekiel 17:17
  • 17. Daniel 5:19; Daniel 11:3, 36
  • 18. Joshua 1:5
  • 19. Daniel 8:9; Daniel 11:41
  • 20. 2 Kings 12:17; Ezekiel 4:3, 7
  • 21. Genesis 10:5; Isaiah 66:19; Jeremiah 2:10; Jeremiah 31:10; Zephaniah 2:11
  • 22. Hosea 12:14
  • 23. Psalms 27:2; Jeremiah 46:6
  • 24. Job 20:8; Psalms 37:36; Ezekiel 26:21
  • 25. Isaiah 60:17
  • 26. 2 Samuel 15:6
  • 27. Daniel 9:26; Daniel 11:10
  • 28. Numbers 13:20; Nehemiah 9:25; Ezekiel 34:14
  • 29. Daniel 11:5
  • 30. Daniel 11:10, 40
  • 31. Psalms 52:1; Psalms 64:6
  • 32. Psalms 12:2; Jeremiah 9:3-5; Jeremiah 41:1-3
  • 33. Daniel 8:19; Daniel 11:35, 40; Habakkuk 2:3
  • 34. Genesis 10:4; Numbers 24:24; Isaiah 23:1, 12; Jeremiah 2:10
  • 35. Daniel 8:11-13; Daniel 12:11
  • 36. Daniel 9:27; Matthew 24:15; Mark 13:14
  • 37. Daniel 11:21, 34
  • 38. Micah 5:7-9; Zechariah 9:13-16; Zechariah 10:3-6
  • 39. Malachi 2:7
  • 40. Matthew 24:9; John 16:2; Hebrews 11:36-38
  • 41. Matthew 7:15; Acts 20:29, 30
  • 42. Daniel 11:21, 32; Romans 16:18
  • 43. Deuteronomy 8:16; Proverbs 17:3; Daniel 12:10; Zechariah 13:9; Malachi 3:2, 3
  • 44. John 15:2
  • 45. Revelation 7:14
  • 46. Daniel 11:27
  • 47. Daniel 5:19; Daniel 11:3, 16
  • 48. Isaiah 14:13; Daniel 5:20; Daniel 8:11, 25; 2 Thessalonians 2:4
  • 49. Revelation 13:5, 6
  • 50. Deuteronomy 10:17; Psalms 136:2; Daniel 2:47
  • 51. Isaiah 10:25; Isaiah 26:20; Daniel 8:19
  • 52. Daniel 9:27
  • 53. Daniel 11:27, 35; Daniel 12:4, 9
  • 54. Daniel 11:11, 25
  • 55. Dan 11:7, 13, 15
  • 56. Isaiah 5:28; Jeremiah 4:13
  • 57. Daniel 11:10, 26
  • 58. Daniel 8:9; Daniel 11:16
  • 59. Jeremiah 48:47
  • 60. Jeremiah 49:6
  • 61. 2 Chronicles 12:3; Nahum 3:9
  • 62. 2 Chronicles 12:3; Ezekiel 30:4, 5; Nahum 3:9
  • 63. Isaiah 11:9; Isaiah 27:13; Isaiah 65:25; Isaiah 66:20; Daniel 9:16, 20

Footnotes 52

Chapter Summary


In this chapter the angel makes good his promise to Daniel, that he would show him what was written in the Scripture of truth, concerning the monarchies of the earth, and what would befall his people the Jews in the latter days; and after he had observed that he had strengthened and confirmed Darius the Mede, who was the first king of the then present flourishing monarchy, Da 11:1, he foretells the number of the kings of Persia, and particularly describes the fourth, Da 11:2 predicts the rise of the Grecian monarchy under Alexander the great, and the disposition of it after his death, Da 11:3,4 and then proceeds to give an account of the two principal kingdoms of that monarchy, into which it was divided, the Seleucidae and Lagidae; and of their kings, the king of Egypt, and the king of Syria, under the names of the king of the south, and the king of the north, and of their power and agreement, Da 11:5,6 and then of their various wars between themselves and others, and the success of them, Da 11:7-20, and particularly of Antiochus, his character and manner of coming to the kingdom, and of his wars with the king of Egypt, and the issue of them, Da 11:21-29 and of his persecution of the Jews, and the distress he should bring on them, and the use it should be of to the godly among them, Da 11:30-35, and then his antitype, antichrist, is described; the western antichrist, his character and actions, Da 11:36-39 then the eastern, his power, wealth and riches, hail and rain, Da 11:40-45.

Daniel 11 Commentaries

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