Exodus 25

Offerings for the Sanctuary

1 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
2 "1Tell the sons of Israel to raise a contribution for Me; 2from every man whose heart moves him you shall raise My contribution.
3 "This is the contribution which you are to raise from them: gold, silver and bronze,
4 3blue, purple and scarlet material, fine linen, goat hair,
5 rams' skins dyed red, porpoise skins, acacia wood,
6 4oil for lighting, 5spices for the anointing oil and for the fragrant incense,
7 onyx stones and setting stones for the 6ephod and for the 7breastpiece.
8 "Let them 8construct a sanctuary for Me, 9that I may dwell among them.
9 "10According to all that I am going to show you, as the pattern of the tabernacle and the pattern of all its furniture, just so you shall construct it.

Ark of the Covenant

10 "11They shall construct an ark of acacia wood two and a half cubits long, and one and a half cubits wide, and one and a half cubits high.
11 "You shall 12overlay it with pure gold, inside * and out you shall overlay it, and you shall make a gold molding around it.
12 "You shall cast four gold rings for it and fasten them on its four feet, and two rings shall be on one side of it and two rings on the other side of it.
13 "You shall make poles of acacia wood and overlay them with gold.
14 "You shall put the poles into the rings on the sides of the ark, to carry the ark with them.
15 "The 13poles shall remain in the rings of the ark; they shall not be removed from it.
16 "You shall 14put into the ark the testimony which I shall give you.
17 "You shall 15make a mercy seat of pure gold, two and a half cubits long and one and a half cubits wide.
18 "You shall make two cherubim of gold, make them of hammered work at the two ends of the mercy seat.
19 "Make one cherub at one end and one cherub at the other end; you shall make the cherubim of one piece with the mercy seat at its two ends.
20 "16The cherubim shall have their wings spread upward, covering the mercy seat with their wings and facing * one another; the faces of the cherubim are to be turned toward the mercy seat.
21 "17You shall put the mercy seat on top of the ark, and 18in the ark you shall put the testimony which I will give to you.
22 "19There I will meet with you; and from above the mercy seat, from 20between the two cherubim which are upon the ark of the testimony, I will speak to you about all that I will give you in commandment for the sons of Israel.

The Table of Showbread

23 "21You shall make a table of acacia wood, two cubits long and one cubit wide and one and a half cubits high.
24 "You shall overlay it with pure gold and make a gold 22border around it.
25 "You shall make for it a rim of a handbreadth around it; and you shall make a gold border for the rim around it.
26 "You shall make four gold rings for it and put rings on the four corners which are on its four feet.
27 "The rings shall be close to the rim as holders for the poles to carry the table.
28 "You shall make the poles of acacia wood and overlay them with gold, so that with them the table may be carried.
29 "You shall make its 23dishes and its pans and its jars and its bowls with which to pour drink offerings; you shall make them of pure gold.
30 "You shall set 24the bread of the Presence on the table before Me at all times.

The Golden Lampstand

31 "25Then you shall make a lampstand of pure gold. The lampstand and its base and its shaft are to be made of hammered work; its cups, its bulbs and its flowers shall be of one piece with it.
32 "26Six branches shall go out from its sides; three branches of the lampstand from its one side and three branches of the lampstand from its other side.
33 "27Three cups shall be shaped like almond blossoms in the one branch, a bulb and a flower, and three cups shaped like almond blossoms in the other branch, a bulb and a flower -so for six branches going out from the lampstand;
34 and 28in the lampstand four cups shaped like almond blossoms, its bulbs and its flowers.
35 "29A bulb shall be under the first pair of branches coming out of it, and a bulb under the second pair of branches coming out of it, and a bulb under the third pair of branches coming out of it, for the six branches coming out of the lampstand.
36 "30Their bulbs and their branches shall be of one piece with it; all of it shall be one piece of hammered work of pure gold.
37 "Then you shall make its lamps seven in number; and 31they shall mount its lamps so as to shed light on the space in front of it.
38 "Its snuffers and their trays shall be of pure gold.
39 "It shall be made from a talent of pure gold, with all these utensils.
40 "32See that you make them 33after the pattern for them, which was shown to you on the mountain.

Exodus 25 Commentary

Chapter 25

What the Israelites were to offer for making the tabernacle. (1-9) The ark. (10-22) The table, with its furniture. (23-30) The candlestick. (31-40)

Verses 1-9 God chose the people of Israel to be a peculiar people to himself, above all people, and he himself would be their King. He ordered a royal palace to be set up among them for himself, called a sanctuary, or holy place, or habitation. There he showed his presence among them. And because in the wilderness they dwelt in tents, this royal palace was ordered to be a tabernacle, that it might move with them. The people were to furnish Moses with the materials, by their own free will. The best use we can make of our worldly wealth, is to honour God with it in works of piety and charity. We should ask, not only, What must we do? but, What may we do for God? Whatever they gave, they must give it cheerfully, not grudgingly, for God ( 2 Corinthians. 9:7 ) service of God, we must reckon well bestowed; and whatsoever is done in God's service, must be done by his direction.

Verses 10-22 The ark was a chest, overlaid with gold, in which the two tables of the law were to be kept. These tables are called the testimony; God in them testified his will. This law was a testimony to the Israelites, to direct them in their duty, and would be a testimony against them, if they transgressed. This ark was placed in the holy of holies; the blood of the sacrifices was sprinkled, and the incense burned, before it, by the high priest; and above it appeared the visible glory, which was the symbol of the Divine presence. This was a type of Christ in his sinless nature, which saw no corruption, in personal union with his Divine nature, atoning for our sins against it, by his death. The cherubim of gold looked one towards another, and both looked downward toward the ark. It denotes the angels' attendance on the Redeemer, their readiness to do his will, their presence in the assemblies of saints, and their desire to look into the mysteries of the gospel. It was covered with a covering of gold, called the mercy-seat. God is said to dwell, or sit between the cherubim, on the mercy-seat. There he would give his law, and hear supplicants, as a prince on his throne.

Verses 23-30 A table was to be made of wood, overlaid with gold, to stand in the outer tabernacle, to be always furnished with the shew-bread. This table, with the articles on it, and its use, seems to typify the communion which the Lord holds with his redeemed people in his ordinances, the provisions of his house, the feasts they are favoured with. Also the food for their souls, which they always find when they hunger after it; and the delight he takes in their persons and services, as presented before him in Christ.

Verses 31-40 The candlestick represents the light of God's word and Spirit, in and through Christ Jesus, afforded in this dark world to his believing people, to direct their worship and obedience, and to afford them consolations. The church is still dark, as the tabernacle was, in comparison with what it will be in heaven; but the word of God is a light shining in a dark place, ( 2 Peter. 1:19 ) it. In ver. ( 40 ) is an express caution to Moses. Nothing was left to his own fancy, or to that of the workmen, or the people; but the will of God must be observed in every particular. Christ's instruction to his disciples, ( Matthew 28:20 ) , is like this, Observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you. Let us remember that we are the temples of the Holy Ghost, that we have the law of God in our hearts, that we are to live a life of communion with God, feast on his ordinances, and are the light of the world, if indeed we are followers of Christ. May the Lord help us to try ourselves by this view of religion, and to walk according thereto.

Cross References 33

  • 1. Exodus 35:4-9
  • 2. Exodus 35:21; 1 Chr 29:3, 5, 9; Ezra 2:68; 2 Corinthians 8:11, 12; 2 Corinthians 9:7
  • 3. Ex 28:5, 6, 8
  • 4. Exodus 27:20
  • 5. Exodus 30:23
  • 6. Ex 28:4, 6-14
  • 7. Ex 28:4, 15-30
  • 8. Exodus 36:1-5
  • 9. Exodus 29:45, 46; Numbers 5:3; Deuteronomy 12:11; 1 Kings 6:13; 2 Corinthians 6:16; Revelation 21:3
  • 10. Exodus 25:40; Exodus 26:30; Acts 7:44; Hebrews 8:2, 5
  • 11. Exodus 37:1-9; Deuteronomy 10:3; Hebrews 9:4
  • 12. Hebrews 9:4
  • 13. 1 Kings 8:8
  • 14. Exodus 40:20; Deuteronomy 10:2; Deuteronomy 31:26; 1 Kings 8:9; Hebrews 9:4
  • 15. Exodus 37:6
  • 16. 1 Kings 8:7; 1 Chronicles 28:18; Hebrews 9:5
  • 17. Exodus 26:34; Exodus 40:20
  • 18. Exodus 25:16
  • 19. Exodus 29:42, 43; Exodus 30:6, 36; Leviticus 16:2; Numbers 17:4
  • 20. Numbers 7:89; 1 Samuel 4:4; 2 Samuel 6:2; 2 Kings 19:15; Psalms 80:1; Isaiah 37:16
  • 21. Exodus 37:10-16
  • 22. Exodus 25:11
  • 23. Exodus 37:16; Numbers 4:7
  • 24. Exodus 39:36; Exodus 40:23; Leviticus 24:5-9
  • 25. Exodus 37:17-24; 1 Kings 7:49; Zechariah 4:2
  • 26. Exodus 37:18
  • 27. Exodus 37:19
  • 28. Exodus 37:20
  • 29. Exodus 37:21
  • 30. Exodus 37:22
  • 31. Numbers 8:2
  • 32. Hebrews 8:5
  • 33. Exodus 25:9; Exodus 26:30; Numbers 8:4; Acts 7:44

Footnotes 43

Chapter Summary


In this chapter an order is given for a freewill offering towards various things for the worship and service of God, and the materials to be offered, which would be useful and acceptable, are mentioned particularly, Ex 25:1-7, as also another order to build a sanctuary for God, after a model that he would give, Ex 25:8,9, and, an ark to put in the law on tables of stone, the fashion of which, and the various things belonging to it, are described, Ex 25:10-16, and a mercy seat with cherubim on it to be set over the ark, where the Lord promises to meet Moses and commune with him, Ex 25:17-22 and a table with various appurtenances to it to place the shewbread on, Ex 25:23-30 and a candlestick of gold, whose parts are described, and all the instruments relative to it, Ex 25:31-40.

Exodus 25 Commentaries

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