Hosea 5

The People's Apostasy Rebuked

1 Hear this, O priests! Give heed, O house of Israel! Listen, O house of the king! For the judgment applies to you, For you have been a 1snare at Mizpah And a net spread out on Tabor.
2 The 2revolters have 3gone deep in depravity, But I will chastise all of them.
3 I 4know Ephraim, and Israel is not hidden from Me; For now, O Ephraim, you have played the harlot, Israel has defiled itself.
4 Their deeds will not allow them To return to their God. For a 5spirit of harlotry is within them, And they 6do not know the LORD.
5 Moreover, the 7pride of Israel testifies against him, And Israel and Ephraim stumble in their iniquity; 8Judah also has stumbled with them.
6 They will 9go with their flocks and herds To seek the LORD, but they will 10not find Him; He has 11withdrawn from them.
7 They have 12dealt treacherously against the LORD, For they have borne 13illegitimate children. Now the 14new moon will devour them with their land.
8 15Blow the horn in 16Gibeah, The trumpet in Ramah. Sound an alarm at Beth-aven: "17Behind you, Benjamin!"
9 Ephraim will become a 18desolation in the 19day of rebuke; Among the tribes of Israel I 20declare what is sure.
10 The princes of Judah have become like those who 21move a boundary; On them I will 22pour out My wrath 23like water.
11 Ephraim is 24oppressed, crushed in judgment, 25Because he was determined to follow * man's command.
12 Therefore I am like a 26moth to Ephraim And like rottenness to the house of Judah.
13 When Ephraim saw his sickness, And Judah his wound, Then Ephraim went to 27Assyria And sent to 28King Jareb. But he is 29unable * to heal you, Or to cure you of your wound.
14 For I will be 30like a lion to Ephraim And like a young lion to the house of Judah. 31I, even I, will tear to pieces and go away, I will carry away, and there will be 32none to deliver.
15 I will go away and return to My place Until * they 33acknowledge their guilt and seek My face; In their affliction they will earnestly 34seek Me.

Hosea 5 Commentary

Chapter 5

The Divine judgments against Israel. (1-7) Approaching desolations threatened. (8-15)

Verses 1-7 The piercing eye of God saw secret liking and disposition to sin, the love the house of Israel had to their sins, and the dominion their sins had over them. Pride makes men obstinate in other sins. And as Judah was treading in the same steps, they would fall with Israel. By dealing treacherously with the Lord, men only deceive themselves. Those that go to seek the Lord with their flocks and their herds only, and not with their hearts and souls, cannot expect to find him; nor shall any speed who do not seek the Lord while he may be found. See how much it is our concern to seek God early, now, while it is the accepted time, and the day of salvation.

Verses 8-15 The destruction of impenitent sinners is not mere talk, to frighten them, it is a sentence which will not be recalled. And it is a mercy that we have timely warning given us, that we may flee from the wrath to come. Compliance with the commandments of men, who thwart the commandments of God, ripens a people for ruin. The judgments of God are sometimes to a sinful people as a moth, and as rottenness, or as a worm; as these consume the clothes and the wood, so shall the judgments of God consume them. Silently, they shall think themselves safe and thriving, but when they look into their state, shall find themselves wasting and decaying. Slowly, for the Lord gives them space to repent. Many a nation; as well as many a person, dies of a consumption. Gradually, God comes upon sinners with lesser judgments, to prevent greater, if they will be wise, and take warning. When Israel and Judah found themselves in danger, they sought the protection of the Assyrians, but this only helped to make their wound the worse. They would be forced to apply to God. He will bring them home to himself, by afflictions. When men begin to complain more of their sins than of their afflictions, then there begins to be some hope of them; and when under the conviction of sin, and the corrections of the rod, we must seek the knowledge of God. Those who are led by severe trials to seek God earnestly and sincerely, will find him a present help and an effectual refuge; for with him is plenteous redemption for all who call upon him. There is solid peace, and there only, where God is.

Cross References 34

  • 1. Hosea 9:8
  • 2. Hosea 9:15
  • 3. Isaiah 29:15; Hosea 4:2; Hosea 6:9
  • 4. Amos 3:2; Amos 5:12
  • 5. Hosea 4:12
  • 6. Hosea 4:6, 14
  • 7. Hosea 7:10
  • 8. Ezekiel 23:31-35
  • 9. Hosea 8:13; Micah 6:6, 7
  • 10. Proverbs 1:28; Isaiah 1:15; Jeremiah 14:12
  • 11. Ezekiel 8:6
  • 12. Isaiah 48:8; Jeremiah 3:20; Hosea 6:7
  • 13. Hosea 2:4
  • 14. Isaiah 1:14; Hosea 2:11
  • 15. Joel 2:1
  • 16. Hosea 9:9; Hosea 10:9
  • 17. Judges 5:14
  • 18. Isaiah 28:1-4; Hosea 9:11-17
  • 19. Isaiah 37:3
  • 20. Isaiah 46:10; Zechariah 1:6
  • 21. Deuteronomy 19:14; Deuteronomy 27:17
  • 22. Ezekiel 7:8
  • 23. Psalms 32:6; Psalms 93:3, 4
  • 24. Deuteronomy 28:33
  • 25. Micah 6:16
  • 26. Psalms 39:11; Isaiah 51:8
  • 27. Hosea 7:11; Hosea 8:9; Hosea 12:1
  • 28. Hosea 10:6
  • 29. Jeremiah 30:12-15
  • 30. Psalms 7:2; Hosea 13:7, 8; Amos 3:4
  • 31. Psalms 50:22
  • 32. Micah 5:8
  • 33. Isaiah 64:7-9; Jeremiah 3:13, 14
  • 34. Psalms 50:15; Psalms 78:34; Jeremiah 2:27; Hosea 3:5

Footnotes 8

  • [a]. Or "waded deep in slaughter"
  • [b]. Lit "strange"
  • [c]. Lit "portions"
  • [d]. Or with some ancient versions, "follow nothingness"
  • [e]. Or "ulcer"
  • [f]. Or "the avenging king" or "the great king"
  • [g]. Or "ulcer"
  • [h]. Or "bear their punishment"

Chapter Summary


The design of this chapter is to expose the sins of Israel and of Judah, and to declare the judgment of God upon them for them. Men of all ranks in Israel are summoned to attend to the charge brought against then, and the sentence on them, Ho 5:1. The charge exhibited is, that they were guilty of in, hating men to the slaughter of idolatrous sacrifices, though they had been sufficiently rebuked and corrected, Ho 5:1,2; of both corporeal and spiritual adultery, whereby they were defiled, and which was well known to the Lord, Ho 5:3; of obstinate persistence in impenitence, owing to the efficacy of an unclean spirit in them, and their want of the knowledge of God, Ho 5:4; of open pride, which stared them in the face, and for which they fell into calamities, and Judah with them, and should not be able with all their sacrifices to find favour with God, who had withdrawn himself from them, Ho 5:5,6; also of treacherous dealing with the Lord by their spiritual adultery, and begetting strange children, Ho 5:7; next their punishment is denounced, of which notice was to be given them by the sound of the trumpet, as an alarm of war, or as calling for mourning, Ho 5:8; since Ephraim would become desolate, of which notification had been made among the tribes, Ho 5:9; and wrath would be poured out in great abundance on the princes of Judah, who were very wicked men, Ho 5:10; and Ephraim would be oppressed and broken by the judgment of God, who would be as a moth unto them, and also rottenness to Judah, because they followed the commandments of men, Ho 5:11,12; and, what was still more provoking, when they were sensible of their calamities and distresses, they sought not help from the Lord, but from men that could do them no good; and therefore he threatens to be as a devouring lion to them, Ho 5:13,14; and yet the chapter concludes with a promise of the conversion of these people, after the Lord had dealt with them in an angry manner, Ho 5:15.

Hosea 5 Commentaries

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