Hosea 6

The Response to God's Rebuke

1 "1Come, let us return to the LORD. For 2He has torn us, but 3He will heal us; He has wounded us, but He will 4bandage us.
2 "He will 5revive us after two days; He will 6raise us up on the third day, That we may live before Him.
3 "So let us 7know, let us press on to know the LORD. His 8going forth is as certain as the dawn; And He will come to us like the 9rain, Like the spring rain watering the earth."
4 What shall I do with you, O 10Ephraim? What shall I do with you, O Judah? For your loyalty is like a 11morning cloud And like the dew which goes away early.
5 Therefore * I have 12hewn them in pieces by the prophets; I have slain them by the 13words of My mouth; And the judgments on you are like the light that goes forth.
6 For 14I delight in loyalty 15rather than sacrifice, And in the knowledge of God rather than burnt offerings.
7 But 16like Adam they have 17transgressed the covenant; There they have 18dealt treacherously against Me.
8 19Gilead is a city of wrongdoers, Tracked with 20bloody footprints.
9 And as 21raiders wait for a man, So a band of priests 22murder on the way to Shechem; Surely they have committed 23crime.
10 In the house of Israel I have seen a 24horrible thing; Ephraim's 25harlotry is there, Israel has defiled itself.
11 Also, O Judah, there is a 26harvest appointed for you, When I 27restore the fortunes of My people.

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Hosea 6 Commentary

Chapter 6

An exhortation to repentance. (1-3) Israel's instability and breach of the covenant. (4-11)

Verses 1-3 Those who have gone from God by consent, and in a body, drawing one another to sin, should, by consent and in a body, return to him, which will be for his glory, and their good. It will be of great use for support under afflictions, and to encourage our repentance, to keep up good thoughts of God, and of his purposes and designs concerning us. Deliverance out of trouble should be to them as life from the dead. God will revive them: the assurance of this should engage them to return to him. But this seems to have a further reference to the resurrection of Jesus Christ. Let us admire the wisdom and goodness of God, that when the prophet foretold the deliverance of the church out of her troubles, he should point out our salvation by Christ; and now these words are fulfilled in the resurrection of Christ, it confirms our faith, that this is He that should come and we are to look for no other. Here is a precious blessing promised; this is life eternal, to know God. The returns of the favour of God are secured to us as firmly as the return of the morning after a dark night. He shall come to us as the latter and former rain unto the earth, which refreshes it, and makes it fruitful. The grace of God in Christ is both the latter and the former rain; and by it the good work of our fruit-bearing is begun and carried on. And as the Redeemer was raised from the grave, so will He revive the hearts and hopes of all that trust in him. The feeblest glimpse of hope in his word, is a sure earnest of increasing light and comfort, which shall be attended with purifying, comforting grace that makes fruitful.

Verses 4-11 Sometimes Israel and Judah seemed disposed to repent under their sufferings, but their goodness vanished like the empty morning cloud, and the early dew, and they were as vile as ever. Therefore the Lord sent awful messages by the prophets. The word of God will be the death either of the sin or of the sinner. God desired mercy rather than sacrifice, and that knowledge of him which produces holy fear and love. This exposes the folly of those who trust in outward observances, to make up for their want of love to God and man. As Adam broke the covenant of God in paradise, so Israel had broken his national covenant, notwithstanding all the favours they received. Judah also was ripe for Divine judgments. May the Lord put his fear into our hearts, and set up his kingdom within us, and never leave us to ourselves, nor suffer us to be overcome by temptation.

Cross References 27

  • 1. Jeremiah 50:4, 5
  • 2. Deuteronomy 32:39; Hosea 5:14
  • 3. Jeremiah 30:17; Hosea 14:4
  • 4. Isaiah 30:26
  • 5. Psalms 30:5
  • 6. 1 Corinthians 15:4
  • 7. Isaiah 2:3; Micah 4:2
  • 8. Psalms 19:6; Micah 5:2
  • 9. Job 29:23; Psalms 72:6; Joel 2:23
  • 10. Hosea 7:1; Hosea 11:8
  • 11. Psalms 78:34-37; Hosea 13:3
  • 12. 1 Samuel 15:32, 33; Jeremiah 1:10; Jeremiah 5:14
  • 13. Jeremiah 23:29
  • 14. Matthew 9:13; Matthew 12:7
  • 15. Isaiah 1:11
  • 16. Job 31:33
  • 17. Hosea 8:1
  • 18. Hosea 5:7
  • 19. Hosea 12:11
  • 20. Hosea 4:2
  • 21. Hosea 7:1
  • 22. Jeremiah 7:9, 10; Hosea 4:2
  • 23. Ezekiel 22:9; Ezekiel 23:27; Hosea 2:10
  • 24. Jeremiah 5:30, 31; Jeremiah 23:14
  • 25. Hosea 5:3
  • 26. Jeremiah 51:33; Joel 3:13
  • 27. Zephaniah 2:7

Footnotes 4

Chapter Summary


This chapter gives an account of some who were truly penitent, and stirred up one another to return to the Lord, encouraged by his power, grace, and goodness, Ho 6:1-3; and of others, who had only a form of religion, were very unstable in it; regarded more the ceremonial law, and the external sacrifices of it, than the moral law; either that part of it which respects the love of the neighbour, or that which concerns the knowledge of God; and dealt treacherously with the Lord, transgressing the covenant, Ho 6:4-7; particularly the city of Gilead is represented as full of the workers of iniquity, and is charged with bloodshed, Ho 6:8; yea, even the priests were guilty of murder and lewdness, Ho 6:9; and Israel, or the ten tribes in general, are accused of whoredom, both corporeal and spiritual, with which they were defiled, Ho 6:10; nor was Judah clear of these crimes, and therefore a reckoning day is set for them, Ho 6:11.

Hosea 6 Commentaries

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