Isaiah 2

God's Universal Reign

1 The word which 1Isaiah the son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem.
2 Now it will come about that 2In the last days The 3mountain of the house of the LORD Will be established as the chief of the mountains, And will be raised above the hills; And 4all the nations will stream to it.
3 And many peoples will come and say, "Come, let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, To the house of the God of Jacob; That He may teach us concerning His ways And that we may walk in His paths." For the law will go forth 5from Zion And the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.
4 And He will judge between the nations, And will render decisions for many peoples; And 6they will hammer their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. 7Nation will not lift up sword against nation, And never again will they learn war.
5 Come, 8house of Jacob, and let us walk in the 9light of the LORD.
6 For You have 10abandoned Your people, the house of Jacob, Because they are filled with influences from the east, And they are soothsayers 11like the Philistines, And they 12strike bargains with the children of foreigners.
7 Their land has also been filled with silver and gold And there is no end to their treasures; Their land has also been filled with 13horses And there is no end to their chariots.
8 Their land has also been 14filled with idols; They worship the 15work of their hands, That which their fingers have made.
9 So 16the common man has been humbled And the man of importance has been abased, But 17do not forgive them.
10 18Enter the rock and hide in the dust 19From the terror of the LORD and from the splendor of His majesty.
11 The 20proud look of man will be abased And the 21loftiness of man will be humbled, And the LORD alone will be exalted in that day.

A Day of Reckoning Coming

12 For the LORD of hosts will have a day of reckoning Against 22everyone who is proud and lofty And against everyone who is lifted up, That he may be abased.
13 And it will be against all the cedars of Lebanon that are lofty and lifted up, Against all the 23oaks of Bashan,
14 Against all the 24lofty mountains, Against all the hills that are lifted up,
15 Against every 25high tower, Against every fortified wall,
16 Against all the 26ships of Tarshish And against all the beautiful craft.
17 The pride of man will be humbled And the loftiness of men will be abased; And the LORD alone will be exalted in that day,
18 But the 27idols will completely vanish.
19 Men will 28go into caves of the rocks And into holes of the ground Before * the terror of the LORD And the splendor of His majesty, When He arises 29to make the earth tremble.
20 In that day men will 30cast away to the moles and the 31bats Their idols of silver and their idols of gold, Which they made for themselves to worship,
21 In order to 32go into the caverns of the rocks and the clefts of the cliffs Before * the terror of the LORD and the splendor of His majesty, When He arises to make the earth tremble.
22 33Stop regarding * man, whose breath of life is in his nostrils; For 34why should he be esteemed?

Isaiah 2 Commentary

Chapter 2

The conversion of the Gentiles, Description of the sinfulness of Israel. (1-9) The awful punishment of unbelievers. (10-22)

Verses 1-9 The calling of the Gentiles, the spread of the gospel, and that far more extensive preaching of it yet to come, are foretold. Let Christians strengthen one another, and support one another. It is God who teaches his people, by his word and Spirit. Christ promotes peace, as well as holiness. If all men were real Christians, there could be no war; but nothing answering to these expressions has yet taken place on the earth. Whatever others do, let us walk in the light of this peace. Let us remember that when true religion flourishes, men delight in going up to the house of the Lord, and in urging others to accompany them. Those are in danger who please themselves with strangers to God; for we soon learn to follow the ways of persons whose company we keep. It is not having silver and gold, horses and chariots, that displeases God, but depending upon them, as if we could not be safe, and easy, and happy without them, and could not but be so with them. Sin is a disgrace to the poorest and the lowest. And though lands called Christian are not full of idols, in the literal sense, are they not full of idolized riches? and are not men so busy about their gains and indulgences, that the Lord, his truths, and precepts, are forgotten or despised?

Verses 10-22 The taking of Jerusalem by the Chaldeans seems first meant here, when idolatry among the Jews was done away; but our thoughts are led forward to the destruction of all the enemies of Christ. It is folly for those who are pursued by the wrath of God, to think to hide or shelter themselves from it. The shaking of the earth will be terrible to those who set their affections on things of the earth. Men's haughtiness will be brought down, either by the grace of God convincing them of the evil of pride, or by the providence of God depriving them of all the things they were proud of. The day of the Lord shall be upon those things in which they put their confidence. Those who will not be reasoned out of their sins, sooner or later shall be frightened out of them. Covetous men make money their god; but the time will come when they will feel it as much their burden. This whole passage may be applied to the case of an awakened sinner, ready to leave all that his soul may be saved. The Jews were prone to rely on their heathen neighbours; but they are here called upon to cease from depending on mortal man. We are all prone to the same sin. Then let not man be your fear, let not him be your hope; but let your hope be in the Lord your God. Let us make this our great concern.

Cross References 34

  • 1. Isaiah 1:1
  • 2. Micah 4:1-3
  • 3. Isaiah 27:13; Isaiah 66:20
  • 4. Isaiah 56:7
  • 5. Isaiah 51:4, 5; Luke 24:47
  • 6. Isaiah 32:17, 18; Joel 3:10
  • 7. Isaiah 9:5, 7; Isaiah 11:6-9; Hosea 2:18; Zechariah 9:10
  • 8. Isaiah 58:1
  • 9. Is 60:1, 2, 19, 20; 1 John 1:5
  • 10. Deuteronomy 31:17
  • 11. 2 Kings 1:2
  • 12. 2 Kings 16:7, 8; Proverbs 6:1
  • 13. Deuteronomy 17:16; Isaiah 30:16; Isaiah 31:1; Micah 5:10
  • 14. Isaiah 10:11
  • 15. Psalms 115:4-8; Isaiah 17:8; Isaiah 37:19; Isaiah 40:19; Isaiah 44:17
  • 16. Psalms 49:2; Psalms 62:9; Isaiah 5:15
  • 17. Nehemiah 4:5
  • 18. Isaiah 2:19, 21; Revelation 6:15, 16
  • 19. 2 Thessalonians 1:9
  • 20. Isaiah 5:15; Isaiah 37:23
  • 21. Psalms 18:27; Isaiah 13:11; Isaiah 23:9; 2 Corinthians 10:5
  • 22. Job 40:11, 12; Isaiah 24:4, 21; Malachi 4:1
  • 23. Zechariah 11:2
  • 24. Isaiah 40:4
  • 25. Isaiah 25:12
  • 26. 1 Kings 10:22; Isaiah 23:1, 14; Isaiah 60:9
  • 27. Isaiah 21:9; Micah 1:7
  • 28. Isaiah 2:10
  • 29. Psalms 18:7; Isaiah 2:21; Isaiah 13:13; Isaiah 24:1, 19, 20; Haggai 2:6, 7; Hebrews 12:26
  • 30. Isaiah 30:22; Isaiah 31:7
  • 31. Leviticus 11:19
  • 32. Isaiah 2:19
  • 33. Psalms 146:3; Jeremiah 17:5
  • 34. Psalms 8:4; Psalms 144:3, 4; Isaiah 40:15, 17; James 4:14

Footnotes 8

Chapter Summary


This chapter contains a vision or prophecy of the enlargement of Christ's kingdom and interest, and of the glory of his church in the latter day, by the calling of the Gentiles, and the numerous conversions of them to it, and of the abolition of idolatry, and the destruction of the antichristian party. The inscription to it is in Isa 2:1 the prophecy itself follows; the date of it is the last days; the subject matter of it, the kingdom, interest, and church of Christ, signified by the mountain of the Lord's house; its glorious estate is expressed by its establishment on the mountains; by its exaltation above the hills; and by the great numbers that should flock to it, and should encourage one another to go up to it, in order to learn the ways of God, and walk in them; the means of which is the Gospel preached, that should go out of Jerusalem; the effect of that is peace among the nations: hence the house of Jacob is exhorted to walk in the light held forth by it, Isa 2:2-5 and then the reasons are given of God's rejecting and forsaking some that bear the Christian name, called the house of Jacob; namely, their Heathenish superstition, idolatry, covetousness, and confidence in their riches; who are sarcastically called upon to hide themselves in the rocks for fear of the Lord, Isa 2:6-10 when the judgments of God are denounced on the proud and lofty, comparable to cedars, oaks, mountains, hills, high towers, fenced walls, and ships of the ocean, at which time, Christ, and he alone, will be exalted, and idolatry utterly abolished; the consequence of which will be the utmost dread and terror to all idolaters, Isa 2:11-21 and the chapter is concluded with an exhortation to such to cease from the man of sin, and have him in no account, Isa 2:22.

Isaiah 2 Commentaries