John 18:12-24

Jesus before the Priests

12 1So 2the Roman cohort and the commander and the 3officers of the Jews, arrested Jesus and bound Him,
13 and led Him to 4Annas first; for he was father-in-law of 5Caiaphas, who was high priest that year.
14 Now Caiaphas was the one who had advised the Jews that 6it was expedient for one man to die on behalf of the people.
15 7Simon Peter was following Jesus, and so was another disciple. Now that disciple was known to the high priest, and entered with Jesus into 8the court of the high priest,
16 9but Peter was standing at the door outside. So the other disciple, who was known to the high priest, went out and spoke to the doorkeeper, and brought Peter in.
17 10Then the slave-girl who kept the door said to Peter, "11You are not also one of this man's disciples, are you?" He said, "I am not."
18 Now the slaves and the 12officers were standing there, having made 13a charcoal fire, for it was cold and they were 14warming themselves; and Peter was also with them, standing and warming himself.
19 15The high priest then questioned Jesus about His disciples, and about His teaching.
20 Jesus answered him, "I 16have spoken openly to the world; I always 17taught in synagogues and 18in the temple, where all the Jews come together; and I spoke nothing in secret.
21 "Why do you question Me? Question those who have heard what I spoke to them; they know what I said."
22 When He had said this, one of the 19officers standing nearby 20struck * Jesus, saying, "Is that the way You answer the high priest?"
23 21Jesus answered him, "If I have spoken wrongly, testify of the wrong; but if rightly, why do you strike Me?"
24 22So Annas sent Him bound to 23Caiaphas the high priest.

John 18:12-24 In-Context

10 Simon Peter then, having a sword, drew it and struck the high priest's slave, and cut off his right ear; and the slave's name was Malchus.
11 So Jesus said to Peter, "Put the sword into the sheath; the cup which the Father has given Me, shall I not drink it?"
12 So the Roman cohort and the commander and the officers of the Jews, arrested Jesus and bound Him,
13 and led Him to Annas first; for he was father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was high priest that year.
14 Now Caiaphas was the one who had advised the Jews that it was expedient for one man to die on behalf of the people.
15 Simon Peter was following Jesus, and so was another disciple. Now that disciple was known to the high priest, and entered with Jesus into the court of the high priest,
16 but Peter was standing at the door outside. So the other disciple, who was known to the high priest, went out and spoke to the doorkeeper, and brought Peter in.
17 Then the slave-girl who kept the door said to Peter, "You are not also one of this man's disciples, are you?" He said, "I am not."
18 Now the slaves and the officers were standing there, having made a charcoal fire, for it was cold and they were warming themselves; and Peter was also with them, standing and warming himself.
19 The high priest then questioned Jesus about His disciples, and about His teaching.
20 Jesus answered him, "I have spoken openly to the world; I always taught in synagogues and in the temple, where all the Jews come together; and I spoke nothing in secret.
21 "Why do you question Me? Question those who have heard what I spoke to them; they know what I said."
22 When He had said this, one of the officers standing nearby struck Jesus, saying, "Is that the way You answer the high priest?"
23 Jesus answered him, "If I have spoken wrongly, testify of the wrong; but if rightly, why do you strike Me?"
24 So Annas sent Him bound to Caiaphas the high priest.
25 Now Simon Peter was standing and warming himself. So they said to him, "You are not also one of His disciples, are you?" He denied it, and said, "I am not."
26 One of the slaves of the high priest, being a relative of the one whose ear Peter cut off, said, "Did I not see you in the garden with Him?"

Cross References 23

  • 1. John 18:12: {Matthew 26:57f}
  • 2. John 18:3
  • 3. John 18:3
  • 4. Luke 3:2; John 18:24
  • 5. Matthew 26:3; John 11:49, 51
  • 6. John 11:50
  • 7. Matthew 26:58; Mark 14:54; Luke 22:54
  • 8. Matthew 26:3; John 18:24, 28
  • 9. John 18:16-18: {Matthew 26:69; Mark 14:66-68; Luke 22:55-57}
  • 10. Acts 12:13
  • 11. John 18:25
  • 12. John 18:3
  • 13. John 21:9
  • 14. Mark 14:54, 67
  • 15. John 18:19-24: {Matthew 26:59-68; Mark 14:55-65; Luke 22:63-71}
  • 16. John 7:26; John 8:26
  • 17. Matthew 4:23; John 6:59
  • 18. Matthew 26:55
  • 19. John 18:3
  • 20. John 19:3
  • 21. Matthew 5:39; Acts 23:2-5
  • 22. John 18:13
  • 23. John 18:13

Footnotes 3

  • [a]. Or "battalion"
  • [b]. I.e. chiliarch, in command of a thousand troops
  • [c]. Lit "a synagogue"
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