Proverbs 13

Contrast the Upright and the Wicked

1 A 1wise son accepts his father's discipline, But a 2scoffer does not listen to rebuke.
2 From the fruit of a man's mouth he 3enjoys good, But the desire of the treacherous is 4violence.
3 The one who 5guards his mouth preserves his life; The one who 6opens wide his lips comes to ruin.
4 The soul of the sluggard craves and gets nothing, But the soul of the diligent is made fat.
5 A righteous man 7hates falsehood, But a wicked man 8acts disgustingly and shamefully.
6 Righteousness 9guards the one whose way is blameless, But wickedness subverts the sinner.
7 There is one who 10pretends to be rich, but has nothing *; Another pretends to be 11poor, but has great wealth.
8 The ransom of a man's life is his wealth, But the poor hears no rebuke.
9 The 12light of the righteous rejoices, But the 13lamp of the wicked goes out.
10 Through insolence comes nothing but strife, But wisdom is with those who receive counsel.
11 Wealth obtained by fraud dwindles, But the one who gathers by labor increases it.
12 Hope deferred makes the heart sick, But desire fulfilled is a tree of life.
13 The one who 14despises the word will be in debt to it, But the one who fears the commandment will be 15rewarded.
14 The teaching of the wise is a 16fountain of life, To turn aside from the 17snares of death.
15 18Good understanding produces favor, But the way of the treacherous is hard.
16 Every 19prudent man acts with knowledge, But a fool displays folly.
17 A wicked messenger falls into adversity, But 20a faithful envoy brings healing.
18 Poverty and shame will come to him who 21neglects discipline, But he who regards reproof will be honored.
19 Desire realized is sweet to the soul, But it is an abomination to fools to turn away from evil.
20 22He who walks with wise men will be wise, But the companion of fools will suffer harm.
21 23Adversity pursues sinners, But the 24righteous will be rewarded with prosperity.
22 A good man 25leaves an inheritance to his children's children, And the 26wealth of the sinner is stored up for the righteous.
23 27Abundant food is in the fallow ground of the poor, But it is swept away by injustice *.
24 He who 28withholds his rod hates his son, But he who loves him 29disciplines him diligently.
25 The 30righteous has enough to satisfy his appetite, But the stomach of the 31wicked is in need.

Proverbs 13 Commentary

Chapter 13

Verse 1 There is great hope of those that reverence their parents. There is little hope of any who will not hear those that deal faithfully with them. Verse 2 . By our words we must be justified or condemned, ( Verse 3 ) . He that thinks before he speaks, that suppresses evil if he have thought it, keeps his soul from a great deal both of guilt and grief. Many a one is ruined by an ungoverned tongue. Verse 4 . The slothful desire the gains the diligent get, but hate the pains the diligent take; therefore they have nothing. This is especially true as to the soul. Verse 5 . Where sin reigns, the man is loathsome. If his conscience were awake, he would abhor himself, and repent in dust and ashes. Verse 6 . An honest desire to do right, preserves a man from fatal mistakes, better than a thousand fine-drawn distinctions. Verse 7 . Some who are really poor, trade and spend as if they were rich: this is sin, and will be shame, and it will end accordingly. Some that are really rich, would be thought to be poor: in this there is want of gratitude to God, want of justice and charity to others. There are many hypocrites, empty of grace, who will not be convinced of their poverty. There are many fearing Christians, who are spiritually rich, yet think themselves poor; by their doubts, and complaints, and griefs, they make themselves poor. Verse 8 . Great riches often tempt to violence against those that possess them; but the poor are free from such perils. Verse 9 . The light of the righteous is as that of the sun, which may be eclipsed and clouded, but will continue: the Spirit is their Light, he gives a fulness of joy: that of the wicked is as a lamp of their own kindling, easily put out. Verse 10 . All contentions, whether between private persons, families, churches, or nations, are begun and carried forward by pride. Disputes would be easily prevented or ended, if it were not for pride. Verse 11 . Wealth gotten by dishonesty or vice, has a secret curse, which will speedily waste it. Verse 12 . The delay of what is anxiously hoped for, is very painful to the mind; obtaining it is very pleasant. But spiritual blessings are chiefly intended. Verse 13 . He that stands in awe of God, and reverences his word, shall escape destruction, and be rewarded for his godly fear. Verse 14 . The rule by which the wise regulate their conduct, is a fountain yielding life and happiness. Verse 15 . The way of sinners is hard upon others, and hard to the sinner himself. The service of sin is slavery; the road to hell is strewed with the thorns and thistles that followed the curse. Verse 16 . It is folly to talk of things of which we know nothing, and to undertake what we are no way fit for. Verse 17 . Those that are wicked, and false to Christ and to the souls of men, do mischief, and fall into mischief; but those that are faithful, find sound words healing to others and to themselves. Verse 18 . He that scorns to be taught, will certainly be brought down. Verse 19 . There are in man strong desires after happiness; but never let those expect any thing truly sweet to their souls, who will not be persuaded to leave their sins. Verse 20 . Multitudes are brought to ruin by bad company. And all that make themselves wicked will be destroyed. Verse 21 . When God pursues sinners he is sure to overtake them; and he will reward the righteous. Verse 22 . The servant of God who is not anxious about riches, takes the best method of providing for his children. Verse 23 . The poor, yet industrious, thrive, though in a homely manner, while those who have great riches are often brought to poverty for want of judgment. Verse 24 . He acts as if he hated his child, who, by false indulgence, permits sinful habits to gather strength, which will bring sorrow here, and misery hereafter. Verse 25 . It is the misery of the wicked, that even their sensual appetites are always craving. The righteous feeds on the word and ordinances, to the satisfying of his soul with the promises of the gospel, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who is the Bread of life.

Cross References 31

  • 1. Proverbs 10:1; Proverbs 15:20
  • 2. Proverbs 9:7, 8; Proverbs 15:12
  • 3. Proverbs 12:14
  • 4. Proverbs 1:31; Hosea 10:13
  • 5. Proverbs 18:21; Proverbs 21:23; James 3:2
  • 6. Proverbs 18:7; Proverbs 20:19
  • 7. Colossians 3:9
  • 8. Proverbs 3:35
  • 9. Proverbs 11:3
  • 10. Proverbs 11:24; Luke 12:20, 21
  • 11. Luke 12:33; 2 Corinthians 6:10; James 2:5
  • 12. Job 29:3; Proverbs 4:18
  • 13. Job 18:5; Proverbs 24:20
  • 14. Numbers 15:31; 2 Chronicles 36:16
  • 15. Proverbs 13:21
  • 16. Proverbs 10:11; Proverbs 14:27
  • 17. Psalms 18:5
  • 18. Psalms 111:10; Proverbs 3:4
  • 19. Proverbs 12:23
  • 20. Proverbs 25:13
  • 21. Proverbs 15:5, 32
  • 22. Proverbs 2:20; Proverbs 15:31
  • 23. Psalms 32:10; Psalms 54:5; Isaiah 47:11
  • 24. Proverbs 11:31; Proverbs 13:13; Isaiah 3:10
  • 25. Ezra 9:12; Psalms 37:25
  • 26. Job 27:16, 17; Proverbs 28:8; Ecclesiastes 2:26
  • 27. Proverbs 12:11
  • 28. Proverbs 19:18; Proverbs 22:15; Proverbs 23:13, 14; Proverbs 29:15, 17
  • 29. Deuteronomy 8:5; Proverbs 3:12; Hebrews 12:7
  • 30. Psalms 34:10; Psalms 103:5; Psalms 132:15; Proverbs 10:3
  • 31. Proverbs 13:18; Luke 15:14

Footnotes 21

Proverbs 13 Commentaries