Revelation 15

A Scene of Heaven

1 Then I saw 1another sign in heaven, great and marvelous, 2seven angels who had 3seven plagues, which are 4the last, because in them the wrath of God is finished.
2 And I saw something like a 5sea of glass mixed with fire, and those who had 6been victorious over the 7beast and 8his image and the 9number of his name, standing on the 10sea of glass, holding 11harps of God.
3 And they sang the 12song of Moses, 13the bond-servant of God, and the 14song of the Lamb, saying, "15 Great and marvelous are Your works, 16 O Lord God, the Almighty; Righteous and true are Your ways, 17 King of the nations!
4 "18Who will not fear, O Lord, and glorify Your name? For You alone are holy; For 19ALL THE NATIONS WILL COME AND WORSHIP BEFORE YOU, FOR YOUR 20RIGHTEOUS ACTS HAVE BEEN REVEALED."
5 After these things I looked, and 21the temple of the 22tabernacle of testimony in heaven was opened,
6 and the 23seven angels who had the seven plagues 24came out of the temple, clothed in linen, clean and bright, and 25girded around their chests with golden sashes.
7 Then one of the 26four living creatures gave to the 27seven angels seven 28golden bowls full of the 29wrath of God, who 30lives forever and ever.
8 And the temple was filled with 31smoke from the glory of God and from His power; and no one was able to enter the temple until the seven plagues of the seven angels were finished.

Revelation 15 Commentary

Chapter 15

A song of praise is sung by the church. (1-4) Seven angels with the seven plagues; and to them one of the living creatures gives seven golden vials full of the wrath of God. (5-8)

Verses 1-4 Seven angels appeared in heaven; prepared to finish the destruction of antichrist. As the measure of Babylon's sins was filled up, it finds the full measure of Divine wrath. While believers stand in this world, in times of trouble, as upon a sea of glass mingled with fire, they may look forward to their final deliverance, while new mercies call forth new hymns of praise. The more we know of God's wonderful works, the more we shall praise his greatness as the Lord God Almighty, the Creator and Ruler of all worlds; but his title of Emmanuel, the King of saints, will make him dear to us. Who that considers the power of God's wrath, the value of his favour, or the glory of his holiness, would refuse to fear and honour him alone? His praise is above heaven and earth.

Verses 5-8 In the judgments God executes upon antichrist and his followers, he fulfils the prophecies and promises of his word. These angels are prepared for their work, clothed with pure and white linen, their breasts girded with golden girdles, representing the holiness, and righteousness, and excellence of these dealings with men. They are ministers of Divine justice, and do every thing in a pure and holy manner. They were armed with the wrath of God against his enemies. Even the meanest creature, when armed with the anger of God, will be too hard for any man in the world. The angels received the vials from one of the four living creatures, one of the ministers of the true church, as in answer to the prayers of the ministers and people of God. Antichrist could not be destroyed without a great shock to all the world, and even the people of God would be in trouble and confusion while the great work was doing. The greatest deliverances of the church are brought about by awful and astonishing steps of Providence; and the happy state of the true church will not begin till obstinate enemies shall be destroyed, and lukewarm or formal Christians are purified. Then, whatever is against Scripture being purged away, the whole church shall be spiritual, and the whole being brought to purity, unity, and spirituality, shall be firmly established.

Cross References 31

  • 1. Revelation 12:1, 3
  • 2. Revelation 15:6-8; Revelation 16:1; Revelation 17:1; Revelation 21:9
  • 3. Leviticus 26:21
  • 4. Revelation 9:20
  • 5. Revelation 4:6
  • 6. Revelation 12:11
  • 7. Revelation 13:1
  • 8. Revelation 13:14
  • 9. Revelation 13:17
  • 10. Revelation 4:6
  • 11. Revelation 5:8
  • 12. Exodus 15:1f
  • 13. Joshua 22:5; Hebrews 3:5
  • 14. Revelation 5:9f, 12
  • 15. Deuteronomy 32:3; Psalms 111:2; Psalms 139:14
  • 16. Hosea 14:9; Revelation 1:8
  • 17. 1 Timothy 1:17
  • 18. Jeremiah 10:7; Revelation 14:7
  • 19. Psalms 86:9; Isaiah 66:23
  • 20. Revelation 19:8
  • 21. Revelation 11:19
  • 22. Exodus 38:21; Numbers 1:50; Hebrews 8:5; Revelation 13:6
  • 23. Revelation 15:1
  • 24. Revelation 14:15
  • 25. Revelation 1:13
  • 26. Revelation 4:6
  • 27. Revelation 15:1
  • 28. Revelation 5:8
  • 29. Revelation 14:10; Revelation 15:1
  • 30. Revelation 4:9
  • 31. Exodus 19:18; Exodus 40:34; Leviticus 16:2; 1 Kings 8:10; 2 Chronicles 5:13; Isaiah 6:4

Footnotes 8

Chapter Summary


This chapter is a preparation to the pouring out of the seven vials, and contains a vision of the seven angels in heaven that should do this work, of a chorus of harpers on this occasion, and of the same seven angels coming out of the temple, and receiving the vials, in order to execute their commission. The vision of the seven angels, having the seven last plagues, so called because filled up with the wrath of God, is said to be a sign, great and marvellous, Re 15:1 a sea of glass, mingled with fire, is seen, with persons standing on it, described by the victory they had got over the beast, his image, mark, and number of his name; by having the harps of God in their hands, and by the song they sung, called the song of Moses, and of the Lamb; in which they ascribe to Christ deity, dominion over the saints, omnipotence, justice, truth, and holiness; give him glory, celebrate his works, commend his ways, and suggest that he ought to be the object of the fear and worship of all, Re 15:2-4. Next the temple in heaven is seen opened, out of which come the seven angels, described by the place they came from, the temple; by what they had, the seven plagues; by their habit, clothed in pure white linen; and by their golden girdles about their breasts, Re 15:5,6 to whom one of the four living creatures, made mention of in Re 4:6 delivers to them seven golden vials full of divine wrath, upon which the temple is filled with smoke from the Lord; so that it was not possible for anyone to enter into it, until these seven plagues were ended, Re 15:7,8.

Revelation 15 Commentaries

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