Acts 2

1 When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place.
2 Suddenly a noise like a strong, blowing wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting.
3 They saw something like flames of fire that were separated and stood over each person there.
4 They were all filled with the Holy Spirit, and they began to speak different languagesn by the power the Holy Spirit was giving them.
5 There were some religious Jews staying in Jerusalem who were from every country in the world.
6 When they heard this noise, a crowd came together. They were all surprised, because each one heard them speaking in his own language.
7 They were completely amazed at this. They said, "Look! Aren't all these people that we hear speaking from Galilee?
8 Then how is it possible that we each hear them in our own languages? We are from different places:
9 Parthia, Media, Elam, Mesopotamia, Judea, Cappadocia, Pontus, Asia,
10 Phrygia, Pamphylia, Egypt, the areas of Libya near Cyrene, Rome
11 (both Jews and those who had become Jews), Crete, and Arabia. But we hear them telling in our own languages about the great things God has done!"
12 They were all amazed and confused, asking each other, "What does this mean?"
13 But others were making fun of them, saying, "They have had too much wine."
14 But Peter stood up with the eleven apostles, and in a loud voice he spoke to the crowd: "My fellow Jews, and all of you who are in Jerusalem, listen to me. Pay attention to what I have to say.
15 These people are not drunk, as you think; it is only nine o'clock in the morning!
16 But Joel the prophet wrote about what is happening here today:
17 'God says: In the last days I will pour out my Spirit on all kinds of people. Your sons and daughters will prophesy. Your young men will see visions, and your old men will dream dreams.
18 At that time I will pour out my Spirit also on my male slaves and female slaves, and they will prophesy.
19 I will show miracles in the sky and on the earth: blood, fire, and thick smoke.
20 The sun will become dark, the moon red as blood, before the overwhelming and glorious day of the Lord will come.
21 Then anyone who calls on the Lord will be saved.'
22 "People of Israel, listen to these words: Jesus from Nazareth was a very special man. God clearly showed this to you by the miracles, wonders, and signs he did through Jesus. You all know this, because it happened right here among you.
23 Jesus was given to you, and with the help of those who don't know the law, you put him to death by nailing him to a cross. But this was God's plan which he had made long ago; he knew all this would happen.
24 God raised Jesus from the dead and set him free from the pain of death, because death could not hold him.
25 For David said this about him: 'I keep the Lord before me always. Because he is close by my side, I will not be hurt.
26 So I am glad, and I rejoice. Even my body has hope,
27 because you will not leave me in the grave. You will not let your Holy One rot.
28 You will teach me how to live a holy life. Being with you will fill me with joy.'
29 "Brothers and sisters, I can tell you truly that David, our ancestor, died and was buried. His grave is still here with us today.
30 He was a prophet and knew God had promised him that he would make a person from David's family a king just as he was.
31 Knowing this before it happened, David talked about the Christ rising from the dead. He said: 'He was not left in the grave. His body did not rot.'
32 So Jesus is the One whom God raised from the dead. And we are all witnesses to this.
33 Jesus was lifted up to heaven and is now at God's right side. The Father has given the Holy Spirit to Jesus as he promised. So Jesus has poured out that Spirit, and this is what you now see and hear.
34 David was not the one who was lifted up to heaven, but he said: 'The Lord said to my Lord, "Sit by me at my right side,
35 until I put your enemies under your control."'
36 "So, all the people of Israel should know this truly: God has made Jesus -- the man you nailed to the cross -- both Lord and Christ."
37 When the people heard this, they felt guilty and asked Peter and the other apostles, "What shall we do?"
38 Peter said to them, "Change your hearts and lives and be baptized, each one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.
39 This promise is for you, for your children, and for all who are far away. It is for everyone the Lord our God calls to himself."
40 Peter warned them with many other words. He begged them, "Save yourselves from the evil of today's people!"
41 Then those people who accepted what Peter said were baptized. About three thousand people were added to the number of believers that day.
42 They spent their time learning the apostles' teaching, sharing, breaking bread, and praying together.
43 The apostles were doing many miracles and signs, and everyone felt great respect for God.
44 All the believers were together and shared everything.
45 They would sell their land and the things they owned and then divide the money and give it to anyone who needed it.
46 The believers met together in the Temple every day. They ate together in their homes, happy to share their food with joyful hearts.
47 They praised God and were liked by all the people. Every day the Lord added those who were being saved to the group of believers.

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Acts 2 Commentary

Chapter 2

The descent of the Holy Spirit at the day of Pentecost. (1-4) The apostles speak in divers languages. (5-13) Peter's address to the Jews. (14-36) Three thousand souls converted. (37-41) The piety and affection of the disciples. (42-47)

Verses 1-4 We cannot forget how often, while their Master was with them there were strifes among the disciples which should be the greatest; but now all these strifes were at an end. They had prayed more together of late. Would we have the Spirit poured out upon us from on high, let us be all of one accord. And notwithstanding differences of sentiments and interests, as there were among those disciples, let us agree to love one another; for where brethren dwell together in unity, there the Lord commands his blessing. A rushing mighty wind came with great force. This was to signify the powerful influences and working of the Spirit of God upon the minds of men, and thereby upon the world. Thus the convictions of the Spirit make way for his comforts; and the rough blasts of that blessed wind, prepare the soul for its soft and gentle gales. There was an appearance of something like flaming fire, lighting on every one of them, according to John Baptist's saying concerning Christ; He shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with fire. The Spirit, like fire, melts the heart, burns up the dross, and kindles pious and devout affections in the soul; in which, as in the fire on the altar, the spiritual sacrifices are offered up. They were all filled with the Holy Ghost, more than before. They were filled with the graces of the Spirit, and more than ever under his sanctifying influences; more weaned from this world, and better acquainted with the other. They were more filled with the comforts of the Spirit, rejoiced more than ever in the love of Christ and the hope of heaven: in it all their griefs and fears were swallowed up. They were filled with the gifts of the Holy Ghost; they had miraculous powers for the furtherance of the gospel. They spake, not from previous though or meditation, but as the Spirit gave them utterance.

Verses 5-13 The difference in languages which arose at Babel, has much hindered the spread of knowledge and religion. The instruments whom the Lord first employed in spreading the Christian religion, could have made no progress without this gift, which proved that their authority was from God.

Verses 14-21 Peter's sermon shows that he was thoroughly recovered from his fall, and thoroughly restored to the Divine favour; for he who had denied Christ, now boldly confessed him. His account of the miraculous pouring forth of the Spirit, was designed to awaken the hearers to embrace the faith of Christ, and to join themselves to his church. It was the fulfilling the Scripture, and the fruit of Christ's resurrection and ascension, and proof of both. Though Peter was filled with the Holy Ghost, and spake with tongues as the Spirit gave him utterance, yet he did not think to set aside the Scriptures. Christ's scholars never learn above their Bible; and the Spirit is given, not to do away the Scriptures, but to enable us to understand, approve, and obey them. Assuredly none will escape the condemnation of the great day, except those who call upon the name of the Lord, in and through his Son Jesus Christ, as the Saviour of sinners, and the Judge of all mankind.

Verses 22-36 From this gift of the Holy Ghost, Peter preaches unto them Jesus: and here is the history of Christ. Here is an account of his death and sufferings, which they witnessed but a few weeks before. His death is considered as God's act; and of wonderful grace and wisdom. Thus Divine justice must be satisfied, God and man brought together again, and Christ himself glorified, according to an eternal counsel, which could not be altered. And as the people's act; in them it was an act of awful sin and folly. Christ's resurrection did away the reproach of his death; Peter speaks largely upon this. Christ was God's Holy One, sanctified and set apart to his service in the work of redemption. His death and sufferings should be, not to him only, but to all his, the entrance to a blessed life for evermore. This event had taken place as foretold, and the apostles were witnesses. Nor did the resurrection rest upon this alone; Christ had poured upon his disciples the miraculous gifts and Divine influences, of which they witnessed the effects. Through the Saviour, the ways of life are made known; and we are encouraged to expect God's presence, and his favour for evermore. All this springs from assured belief that Jesus is the Lord, and the anointed Saviour.

Verses 37-41 From the first delivery of that Divine message, it appeared that there was Divine power going with it; and thousands were brought to the obedience of faith. But neither Peter's words, nor the miracle they witnessed, could have produced such effects, had not the Holy Spirit been given. Sinners, when their eyes are opened, cannot but be pricked to the heart for sin, cannot but feel an inward uneasiness. The apostle exhorted them to repent of their sins, and openly to avow their belief in Jesus as the Messiah, by being baptized in his name. Thus professing their faith in Him, they would receive remission of their sins, and partake of the gifts and graces of the Holy Spirit. To separate from wicked people, is the only way to save ourselves from them. Those who repent of their sins, and give up themselves to Jesus Christ, must prove their sincerity by breaking off from the wicked. We must save ourselves from them; which denotes avoiding them with dread and holy fear. By God's grace three thousand persons accepted the gospel invitation. There can be no doubt that the gift of the Holy Ghost, which they all received, and from which no true believer has ever been shut out, was that Spirit of adoption, that converting, guiding, sanctifying grace, which is bestowed upon all the members of the family of our heavenly Father. Repentance and remission of sins are still preached to the chief of sinners, in the Redeemer's name; still the Holy Spirit seals the blessing on the believer's heart; still the encouraging promises are to us and our children; and still the blessings are offered to all that are afar off.

Verses 42-47 In these verses we have the history of the truly primitive church, of the first days of it; its state of infancy indeed, but, like that, the state of its greatest innocence. They kept close to holy ordinances, and abounded in piety and devotion; for Christianity, when admitted in the power of it, will dispose the soul to communion with God in all those ways wherein he has appointed us to meet him, and has promised to meet us. The greatness of the event raised them above the world, and the Holy Ghost filled them with such love, as made every one to be to another as to himself, and so made all things common, not by destroying property, but doing away selfishness, and causing charity. And God who moved them to it, knew that they were quickly to be driven from their possessions in Judea. The Lord, from day to day, inclined the hearts of more to embrace the gospel; not merely professors, but such as were actually brought into a state of acceptance with God, being made partakers of regenerating grace. Those whom God has designed for eternal salvation, shall be effectually brought to Christ, till the earth is filled with the knowledge of his glory.

Acts 2 Commentaries