John 2

Jesus Changes Water Into Wine

1 On the third day there was a wedding. It took place at Cana in Galilee. Jesus' mother was there.
2 Jesus and his disciples had also been invited to the wedding.
3 When the wine was gone, Jesus' mother said to him, "They have no more wine."
4 "Dear woman, why do you bring me into this?" Jesus replied. "My time has not yet come."
5 His mother said to the servants, "Do what he tells you."
6 Six stone water jars stood nearby. The Jews used water from that kind of jar for special washings to make themselves pure. Each jar could hold 20 to 30 gallons.
7 Jesus said to the servants, "Fill the jars with water." So they filled them to the top.
8 Then he told them, "Now dip some out. Take it to the person in charge of the dinner." They did what he said.
9 The person in charge tasted the water that had been turned into wine. He didn't realize where it had come from. But the servants who had brought the water knew. Then the person in charge called the groom to one side.
10 He said to him, "Everyone brings out the best wine first. They bring out the cheaper wine after the guests have had too much to drink. But you have saved the best until now."
11 That was the first of Jesus' miraculous signs. He did it at Cana in Galilee. Jesus showed his glory by doing it. And his disciples put their faith in him.

Jesus Clears Out the Temple

12 After this, Jesus went down to Capernaum. His mother and brothers and disciples went with him. They all stayed there for a few days.
13 It was almost time for the Jewish Passover Feast. So Jesus went up to Jerusalem.
14 In the temple courtyard he found people who were selling cattle, sheep and doves. Others were sitting at tables exchanging money.
15 So Jesus made a whip out of ropes. He chased all the sheep and cattle from the temple area. He scattered the coins of the people exchanging money. And he turned over their tables.
16 He told those who were selling doves, "Get these out of here! How dare you turn my Father's house into a market!"
17 His disciples remembered what had been written. It says, "My great love for your house will destroy me."(Psalm 69:9)
18 Then the Jews asked him, "What miraculous sign can you show us? Can you prove your authority to do all of this?"
19 Jesus answered them, "Destroy this temple. I will raise it up again in three days."
20 The Jews replied, "It has taken 46 years to build this temple. Are you going to raise it up in three days?"
21 But the temple Jesus had spoken about was his body.
22 His disciples later remembered what he had said. That was after he had been raised from the dead. Then they believed the Scriptures. They also believed the words that Jesus had spoken.
23 Meanwhile, he was in Jerusalem at the Passover Feast. Many people saw the miraculous signs he was doing. And they believed in his name.
24 But Jesus did not fully trust them. He knew what people are like.
25 He didn't need others to tell him what people are like. He already knew what was in the human heart.

John 2 Commentaries

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