2 Kings 14:7

7 Amaziah also killed 10,000 Edomites in the Valley of Salt. He also conquered Sela and changed its name to Joktheel, as it is called to this day.

2 Kings 14:7 Meaning and Commentary

2 Kings 14:7

He slew of Edom in the valley of Salt ten thousand
Of which valley, (See Gill on 2 Samuel 8:13), the Edomites having revolted from Judah in the days of Joram, ( 2 Kings 8:20 2 Kings 8:22 ) . Amaziah undertook to reduce them with an army of 300,000 choice men; and, besides these, hired also of Israel 100,000 valiant men, for one hundred talents of silver; but at the instance of a prophet of the Lord he dismissed the latter, and went against Edom only with his men, and slew of the Edomites 10,000, besides other 10,000 he took alive, and cast headlong from a rock, which came into his hands, see ( 2 Chronicles 25:5-12 ) ,

and took Selah by war;
which signifies a rock, the same with Petra, the metropolis of Arabia Petraea, the country of the Edomites. The city itself was not a rock, nor built on one, but was situated in a plain, surrounded with rocks and mountains, as Strabo F26 and Pliny F1 relate, from whence it seems to have its name; and by the Syrians called Recem, where Rocan a king of Midian reigned F2, called in the Greek version of ( Numbers 31:8 ) , Recon; though Vitringa F3 is of opinion, that not Petra, the metropolis of Edom, is meant, but Maalehakrabbim, ( Joshua 15:3 ) ( Judges 1:36 ) , which lay on the south border of Judea, near the salt sea:

and called the name of it Joktheel;
which signifies "the obedience of God"; in memory of his obedience to the prophet of the Lord, in consequence of which he obtained this victory: and the name continued unto this day: the time of the writing this book.


F26 Geograph. l. 16. p. 536.
F1 Nat. Hist. l. 6. c. 28.
F2 Hieron. de loc. Heb. fol. 93. M. & 94. A. Vid. Joseph. Antiqu. l. 4. c. 7. sect. 1.
F3 Comment. in Jesaiam, c. 16. 1.

2 Kings 14:7 In-Context

5 When Amaziah was well established as king, he executed the officials who had assassinated his father.
6 However, he did not kill the children of the assassins, for he obeyed the command of the LORD as written by Moses in the Book of the Law: “Parents must not be put to death for the sins of their children, nor children for the sins of their parents. Those deserving to die must be put to death for their own crimes.”
7 Amaziah also killed 10,000 Edomites in the Valley of Salt. He also conquered Sela and changed its name to Joktheel, as it is called to this day.
8 One day Amaziah sent messengers with this challenge to Israel’s king Jehoash, the son of Jehoahaz and grandson of Jehu: “Come and meet me in battle!”
9 But King Jehoash of Israel replied to King Amaziah of Judah with this story: “Out in the Lebanon mountains, a thistle sent a message to a mighty cedar tree: ‘Give your daughter in marriage to my son.’ But just then a wild animal of Lebanon came by and stepped on the thistle, crushing it!
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