Psalms 9:6

6 The enemy is finished, in endless ruins; the cities you uprooted are now forgotten.

Psalms 9:6 Meaning and Commentary

Psalms 9:6

O thou enemy
Which some understand of Goliath, though we do not read of any desolations made by him, nor of any cities destroyed by him; nor by the Israelites upon his death, and the flight of the Philistines on that account; Jarchi interprets it of Esau and his posterity, who shall be destroyed in future time, to which he applies, ( Ezekiel 35:9 ) ; other Jewish writers F3 think Amalek is intended, whose destruction they suppose will be in the days of the Messiah, and then will this Scripture be fulfilled: and as these all prefigured antichrist, as before observed, he seems to be designed, and not Satan, as some Christian interpreters have thought, that enemy of Christ, personal and mystical, of the church, and every true believer; and so is antichrist, he opposes himself to God, and all that is called God; he is one that is contrary to Christ, as his name signifies, to his persons, offices, grace, and kingdom; who blasphemes the name of God, his tabernacle, and his saints;

destructions are come to a perpetual end;
which may be understood either of the destructions and desolations made by antichrist, the havoc he has made in the world, treading under foot the holy city, the church, destroying the earth and the inhabitants of it, the bodies, souls, and estates of men; but now the psalmist prophetically declares the end of them to be come, his forty two months, or one thousand two hundred and sixty days or years, will be up, and he will go on no more desolating and destroying; see ( Revelation 11:2 Revelation 11:3 Revelation 11:18 ) ( Revelation 13:5 Revelation 13:7 ) ; or of the destructions and desolations made upon him by the pouring out of the seven vials upon the antichristian states, upon the seat of the beast, and upon both Pope and Turk, the eastern and western antichrist; when in the issue the beast, and the false prophet with him, will be taken and cast alive into a lake of fire; see ( Revelation 19:20 ) ( Revelation 20:10 Revelation 20:14 Revelation 20:15 ) ; and so this phrase denotes that the destruction of antichrist will be consummate, his ruin will be complete, and there will be an utter end of him. Some, instead of "desolations", by the change of a point read (twhrx) , "swords", and Ben Labrat or R. Donesh says F4 that he found it so written in an ancient book; and so reads Jarchi, though he takes notice of the other reading also; and so read the Septuagint, Syriac, Arabic, and Ethiopic versions; and then the sense is, swords shall fail, they shall be no more made use of to destroy men with, they shall be beaten into ploughshares; for upon the destruction of the man of sin there will be a profound peace in the world; see ( Isaiah 2:4 ) . Some F5 read these words interrogatively, "are destructions come to a perpetual end?" that is, which the enemy antichrist designed to bring upon the people of God? no, they are not; he may imagine they are, when the two witnesses are slain; and may think he has then made an entire slaughter, and a complete destruction of the saints; but he will be mistaken, these witnesses will rise again, and ascend up to heaven in the sight of their enemies, and to the great terror of them, ( Revelation 11:10-12 ) ;

and thou hast destroyed cities,
or "hast thou destroyed cities?" that is, as antichrist threatened and intended, namely, to destroy all the cities and churches of Christ; but, alas! he will never be able to do it, they are built on a rock against which the gates of hell can never prevail: but it is better to read the words affirmatively, and interpret them not of the enemy, but of God, and of him destroying the cities of the enemy; for, at the pouring out the seventh and last vial, the great city, the whole antichristian jurisdiction, will be divided into three parts, and utterly perish; and the cities of the Pagan and Mahometan nations will fall, and particularly Babylon the great city will come in remembrance before God, and be utterly destroyed, ( Revelation 16:19 ) ;

their memorial is perished with them;
they shall not be returned or built any more, but shall be like a millstone cast into the sea, and be found no more at all, ( Ezekiel 35:9 ) ( Revelation 18:21 ) . Some F6 read this clause by way of interrogation as the others, "is their memorial perished with them?" no, the righteous are in everlasting remembrance, even those churches which the Romish antichrist has made havoc of, as the Albigenses and Waldenses; the memory of them is still precious.


F3 Midrash Tillim in loc. Tzeror Hammor, fol. 150. 2.
F4 Apud Aben Ezra in loc.
F5 So Piscator, Cocceius, Ainsworth.
F6 Sic Genevenses, Diodatus, Bueerus, Cocceius.

Psalms 9:6 In-Context

4 For you have judged in my favor; from your throne you have judged with fairness.
5 You have rebuked the nations and destroyed the wicked; you have erased their names forever.
6 The enemy is finished, in endless ruins; the cities you uprooted are now forgotten.
7 But the LORD reigns forever, executing judgment from his throne.
8 He will judge the world with justice and rule the nations with fairness.
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