Numbers 34:3

3 “ ‘Your southern side will include some of the Desert of Zin along the border of Edom. Your southern boundary will start in the east from the southern end of the Dead Sea,

Numbers 34:3 in Other Translations

KJV
3 Then your south quarter shall be from the wilderness of Zin along by the coast of Edom, and your south border shall be the outmost coast of the salt sea eastward:
ESV
3 your south side shall be from the wilderness of Zin alongside Edom, and your southern border shall run from the end of the Salt Sea on the east.
NLT
3 The southern portion of your country will extend from the wilderness of Zin, along the edge of Edom. The southern boundary will begin on the east at the Dead Sea.
MSG
3 "Your southern border will take in some of the Wilderness of Zin where it touches Edom. It starts in the east at the Dead Sea,
CSB
3 Your southern side will be from the Wilderness of Zin along the boundary of Edom. Your southern border on the east will begin at the east end of the Dead Sea.

Numbers 34:3 Meaning and Commentary

Numbers 34:3

Then your south quarter
Or border of the land; which, as Jarchi observes, was from east to west:

shall be from the wilderness of Zin;
which is Kadesh, where Miriam died, ( Numbers 20:1 ) ( 33:36 ) , and if this Kadesh was Kadeshbarnea, as Dr. Lightfoot seems to have proved F8, from whence the spies were sent, that was clearly on the south of the land of Canaan, for they were bid to go up their way southward, ( Numbers 13:17 ) , and so Kadeshbarnea is hereafter mentioned, as being in the southern border: the Targum of Jonathan paraphrases it,

``from the wilderness of the palm trees of the mountain of iron;''

there is a smaller palm tree, which by Jewish writers is called Zin, of which there were great quantities on a mountain famous for iron mines, in this wilderness, from whence it is thought it had its name; hence we read F9 of palm trees of the mountain of iron, as fit to make the bunch of branches of trees, called the "lulab", carried in the hand on the feast of tabernacles:

along by the coast of Edom;
the land of Canaan, to the south, bordered on three countries, Egypt, Edom, and Moab; according to Jarchi, some part of Egypt, the whole land of Edom, and the whole land of Moab; the part of the land of Egypt was in the south west corner of it; the land of Edom by it to the east; and the land of Moab by the land of Edom, at the end of the south to the east:

and your south border shall be the outmost coast of the salt sea
eastward;
the same that is sometimes called the Dead sea, the sea of Sodom, or the lake Asphaltites, as Heathen writers generally call it.


FOOTNOTES:

F8 Works, vol. 2. p. 8, 9.
F9 Misn. Succah. c. 3. sect. 1.

Numbers 34:3 In-Context

1 The LORD said to Moses,
2 “Command the Israelites and say to them: ‘When you enter Canaan, the land that will be allotted to you as an inheritance is to have these boundaries:
3 “ ‘Your southern side will include some of the Desert of Zin along the border of Edom. Your southern boundary will start in the east from the southern end of the Dead Sea,
4 cross south of Scorpion Pass, continue on to Zin and go south of Kadesh Barnea. Then it will go to Hazar Addar and over to Azmon,
5 where it will turn, join the Wadi of Egypt and end at the Mediterranean Sea.

Cross References 2

  • 1. Numbers 13:21; Joshua 15:1-3
  • 2. S Genesis 14:3