Surely he scorneth the scorners
That make a mock at sin, a jest of religion, that scoff at the
doctrines of the Gospel and the professors of it; these the Lord
looks upon, laughs at, and has them in derision. The Greek
version and two apostles render it, "he resisteth the proud", (
1 Peter 5:5 )
( James 4:6 ) .
Such who are haughty and arrogant, that exalt themselves and
despise others; as those of a pharisaical spirit are and do, are
abhorred and despised by the Lord; he sets himself against them,
is their enemy, "and scatters [them] in the imagination of their
hearts", ( Luke 1:51 ) . L'Empereur
observes F12 that this version is quite
agreeable to the Hebrew text and the sense of Jewish writers: R.
Alshech says, that (Myul)
, rendered "scorners", are such who will not look upon the divine
Being, but go on boldly in sin, as if there was no God; and
Kimchi explains the word by (Myagtm) , who exalt themselves, or are proud; and
because proud men yield to none, but resist others, hence the
verb is used, by the Septuagint, to resist; agreeably to which
the Targum is,
``he shall drive away;''
``he shall destroy;''
``God shall make others mock them;''
which is, to resist them; but he giveth grace unto the
or humble souls; such who are made truly sensible of sin, and lie
low in their own sight on account of it; who, sensible of the
imperfection and insufficiency of their own righteousness, submit
to the righteousness of Christ; ascribe their salvation, and all
the blessings of it, to the free grace of God; own the deficiency
of their duties, and disclaim all merit in them; think the worst of
themselves, and the best of others; and humble themselves under the
mighty hand of God, and are patient under every adverse
dispensation of Providence; knowing what their deserts are, how
undeserving of any favour, and how deserving of the divine
displeasure. Now God first gives grace to these persons to make
them thus humble and lowly which they are not naturally, and then
he gives them more grace, according to his promise; and it is in
proof of God's giving more grace to such persons that the Apostle
James produces this passage, ( Proverbs 4:6
) . Grace
is God's gift, first and last, what is had in first conversion, in
after supplies, and for perseverance to the end: sanctifying,
justifying, pardoning, and adopting grace, are the pure gifts of
God, of his own favour and good will, without any merit, motive, or
condition in the creature; and which he gives liberally and
bountifully; for not favour with men is here meant, as some think,
but the grace of God.