Psalms 19:12

12 But who can discern their own errors? Forgive my hidden faults.

Images for Psalms 19:12

Psalms 19:12 in Other Translations

KJV
12 Who can understand his errors? cleanse thou me from secret faults.
ESV
12 Who can discern his errors? Declare me innocent from hidden faults.
NLT
12 How can I know all the sins lurking in my heart? Cleanse me from these hidden faults.
MSG
12 Otherwise how will we find our way? Or know when we play the fool?
CSB
12 Who perceives his unintentional sins? Cleanse me from my hidden faults.

Psalms 19:12 Meaning and Commentary

Psalms 19:12

Who can understand [his] errors?
&c.] Sin is an error, a wandering out of the way of God, swerving from the rule of his word; and many mistakes are made by the people of God themselves; even so many that they cannot number them; they are more than the hairs of their head; they cannot understand, find out and express, neither their number, nor their evil nature, nor the many aggravating circumstances which attend them: this the psalmist said, upon a view of the large extent, glory, and excellency of the word of God; and upon comparing himself with it, in which, as in a glass, he saw how far short he came of it, and what a disagreement and want of conformity there was in him unto it; see ( Psalms 119:97 ) ( Romans 7:14 ) ; and he suggests, that though the word he had been describing was perfect, pure, and clean, he was not; nor could he expect any reward of debt, but merely of grace, for his observance of it; and that it was best, under a sense of sin, to have recourse, not to works of righteousness done by men; but to the grace and mercy of God in Christ, as follows:

cleanse thou me from secret [faults];
by which are meant not such sins as are done in secret, and are unknown to men; such as David's sin with Bathsheba, ( 2 Samuel 12:12 ) ; nor the inward motions of sin in the heart, to which none are privy but God, and a man's own soul; not but that each of these may be properly enough included in such a petition; but sins, which are unknown to a man himself are meant: there are some actions, which, though known when committed, are not known to be sinful ones; and there are some sins which are committed unadvisedly, and through carelessness, and pass unobserved; not only many vain and sinful thoughts pass to and fro uncontrolled, without being taken notice of; but many foolish and idle words are spoken, and many evil actions, through infirmity and inadvertency, are done, which, when a good man, at the close of a day, comes to reflect upon the things that have passed in it, are quite hidden from him, are unknown to him, being unobserved by him; wherefore such a petition is highly proper to be inserted in his address at the throne of grace: and which also supposes the person sensible of the defiling nature of sin, and of his own impotency to cleanse himself from it; and that God only can do it, who does it by the application of the blood of his Son, which cleanses from all sin; for this respects not regenerating and sanctifying grace, but pardoning grace; a manifestation of it, a view of acquittance from sin by Christ, and of freedom from obligation to punishment for it.

Psalms 19:12 In-Context

10 They are more precious than gold, than much pure gold; they are sweeter than honey, than honey from the honeycomb.
11 By them your servant is warned; in keeping them there is great reward.
12 But who can discern their own errors? Forgive my hidden faults.
13 Keep your servant also from willful sins; may they not rule over me. Then I will be blameless, innocent of great transgression.
14 May these words of my mouth and this meditation of my heart be pleasing in your sight, LORD, my Rock and my Redeemer.

Cross References 1

  • 1. Psalms 51:2; Psalms 90:8; Psalms 139:6; Ecclesiastes 12:14
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