Psalm 48:4

4 When the kings joined forces, when they advanced together,

Read Psalm 48:4 Using Other Translations

For, lo, the kings were assembled, they passed by together.
For behold, the kings assembled; they came on together.
The kings of the earth joined forces and advanced against the city.

What does Psalm 48:4 mean?

John Gill's Exposition of the Bible
Psalms 48:4

For, lo, the kings were assembled
As the princes of the Philistines to seek for David, when in the strong hold of Zion, ( 2 Samuel 5:17 ) ; as the Ethiopians in the time of Asa, ( 2 Chronicles 14:9 ) ; and the Moabites and Ammonites in the times of Jehoshaphat, ( 2 Chronicles 20:1 ) ; and the kings of Syria and Israel in the times of Ahaz, ( Isaiah 7:1 ) ; and Sennacherib with his princes, who, in his esteem, were kings, in the times of Hezekiah, ( 2 Kings 18:17 ) ; which are instances of the kings, of the nations' gathering together against Zion, the city of Jerusalem, and people of the Jews, who were typical of the church of Christ; and that without success, and to their own confusion and destruction; though this seems to refer to the latter day of the Gospel dispensation, when all the kings of the earth, Pagan, Papal, and Mahometan, will be gathered together at the instigation of Satan, to the battle of the great day of the Lord God Almighty, in a place called Armageddon, where they will be defeated by Christ the King of kings, ( Revelation 16:13 Revelation 16:14 Revelation 16:16 ) ( 19:19-21 ) . Jarchi and Kimchi interpret the passage of Gog and Magog gathering together to fight against Jerusalem, with which compare ( Revelation 20:8 Revelation 20:9 ) ;

they passed by together;
either to the battle, as Jarchi explains it; or they passed by Jerusalem, the city of our God, the church, without entering into it, or doing it any harm.

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