Psalms 78:47

47 He destroyed their vines with hail and their sycamore-figs with sleet.

Psalms 78:47 in Other Translations

47 He destroyed their vines with hail, and their sycomore trees with frost.
47 He destroyed their vines with hail and their sycamores with frost.
47 He destroyed their grapevines with hail and shattered their sycamore-figs with sleet.
47 He flattened their grapevines with hail; a killing frost ruined their orchards.
47 He killed their vines with hail and their sycamore-fig trees with a flood.

Psalms 78:47 Meaning and Commentary

Psalms 78:47

He destroyed their vines with hail
Or "killed" F11 them; for there is a vegetative life in plants: this was the seventh plague of Egypt, attended with thunder and lightning, and was very terrible to Pharaoh, ( Exodus 9:23 Exodus 9:28 ) , with this compare ( Revelation 16:21 ) ,

and their sycamore trees with frost:
sycamore trees, according to Kimchi, were a sort of wild figs, and these with the vines are only mentioned; though the plague of hail destroyed all sorts of trees; because there were many of these in Egypt, and are put for all others; and who also observes, that the word (lmnx) , rendered "frost", which is only used in this place, signifies a kind of hail; and so Aben Ezra interprets it of great hailstones which beat off the fruit of the sycamore trees: but R. Saadiah Gaon explains it by the Arabic word "Al-sakia", which signifies a strong frost which breaks the buds of trees, and dries up their moisture. Jarchi will have it to be, according to the Midrash, a kind of locust, which comes and sits and cuts off the green of the trees and grass, and eats it. Aben Ezra makes mention of this sense, but rejects it.


F11 (grhy) "occidit", Pagninus, Montanus, Musculus, Junius & Tremellius, Piscator; "interfecit", Gejerus.

Psalms 78:47 In-Context

45 He sent swarms of flies that devoured them, and frogs that devastated them.
46 He gave their crops to the grasshopper, their produce to the locust.
47 He destroyed their vines with hail and their sycamore-figs with sleet.
48 He gave over their cattle to the hail, their livestock to bolts of lightning.
49 He unleashed against them his hot anger, his wrath, indignation and hostility— a band of destroying angels.

Cross References 1

  • 1. Exodus 9:23; Psalms 105:32; Psalms 147:17
Scripture quoted by permission.  Quotations designated (NIV) are from THE HOLY BIBLE: NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®.  NIV®.  Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica.  All rights reserved worldwide.