Revelation 21:19

19 The foundations of the city walls were decorated with every kind of precious stone. The first foundation was jasper, the second sapphire, the third agate, the fourth emerald,

Images for Revelation 21:19

Revelation 21:19 in Other Translations

KJV
19 And the foundations of the wall of the city were garnished with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, a chalcedony; the fourth, an emerald;
ESV
19 The foundations of the wall of the city were adorned with every kind of jewel. The first was jasper, the second sapphire, the third agate, the fourth emerald,
NLT
19 The wall of the city was built on foundation stones inlaid with twelve precious stones: the first was jasper, the second sapphire, the third agate, the fourth emerald,
MSG
19 The foundations of the City walls were garnished with every precious gem imaginable: the first foundation jasper, the second sapphire, the third agate, the fourth emerald,
CSB
19 The foundations of the city wall were adorned with every kind of precious stone: the first foundation jasper, the second sapphire, the third chalcedony, the fourth emerald,

Revelation 21:19 Meaning and Commentary

Revelation 21:19

And the foundations of the wall of the city
Which were twelve; see ( Revelation 21:14 ) were garnished with all manner of precious stones: see ( Isaiah 54:11 Isaiah 54:12 ) not that there were all manner of precious stones in every foundation, but in them all there were, and each foundation had its stone peculiar to it, as follows; and which are not applicable to the persons of the apostles, who were not the foundations, but on them their names only were written: and besides, the order of them, as given in the Evangelists and Acts of the Apostles, is not certain, and always the same, to which these several stories may be adjusted; though they are doubtless comparable to them for their preciousness in the sight of God, and Christ, and all the saints; and for the brightness and purity of their doctrine and lives; and for their zeal in the cause of Christ; and for their solidity, and invincible courage and constancy: much less are these precious stones applicable to a set of ministers in the latter day, who are to be useful in the conversion of the Jews in the several parts of the world, where these stones are found, as Brightman thinks, but to Jesus Christ, the one and only foundation: and without entering into the particular virtues and excellencies of these stones, in general, they set forth the worth and preciousness of Christ, who is the pearl of great price; the pleasure and delight had in viewing his excellencies and perfections; his brightness, purity, and glory, and his firmness and durableness, as a foundation. There may be some allusion to the twelve stones in the breastplate of the high priest, on which the names of the tribes of Israel were written F9.

The first foundation was jasper;
it was laid with a jasper stone, of which see ( Revelation 4:3 ) . On this stone, in the breastplate, Benjamin's name was written.

The second, sapphire;
its colour is azure, or sky blue; it is transparent, and exceeding hard. Schroder says there are very good ones found in the borders of Bohemia and Silesia; but those which are brought from Pegu are most valuable: on this stone Issachar's name was engraven.

The third, a chalcedony;
it is of a misty grey colour, clouded with blue, yellow, or purple; the best is that which has a pale cast of blue; it is very much like the common agate; and the Hebrew word (dkdk) , "cadcod", is rendered agate in ( Isaiah 54:12 ) though it is thought to answer to the carbuncle in the breastplate, on which was written the name of Levi. And Pliny F11 speaks of carbuncles, called "charcedonies", which R. Leo Mutinensis says F12 had their name in memory of the city of Carthagena. There is a precious stone mentioned in the Targum of Jonathan, called (Nydwkdk) , "cadcodin", which answers to the diamond in the breastplate, on which Zabulon's name was written; and in the Jerusalem Targum it is called (andkdk) , "cadcedana", and answers to the emerald, which had Judah's name on it, and seems to be put for "chalcodin" and "chalcedana", which agrees with the name of this stone.

The fourth, an emerald;
of which see ( Revelation 4:3 ) . The best of this sort are the eastern ones. Schroder says F13 they are found in Cyprus, Britain, and other places, but not so good as the rest. On this stone Judah's name was written.


FOOTNOTES:

F9 Vid. Targum Jon. & Jerus. in Exod. xxviii. 17. Targum in Cant. v. 14. Shemot Rabba, sect. 38. fol. 138. 2. Bemidbar Rabba, sect. 2. fol. 178. 3.
F11 Nat. Hist. l. 37. c. 7.
F12 Shilte Hagibborim, fol. 45. 4.
F13 Pharmacopoeia, l. 3. c. 5. p. 18.

Revelation 21:19 In-Context

17 The angel measured the wall using human measurement, and it was 144 cubits thick.
18 The wall was made of jasper, and the city of pure gold, as pure as glass.
19 The foundations of the city walls were decorated with every kind of precious stone. The first foundation was jasper, the second sapphire, the third agate, the fourth emerald,
20 the fifth onyx, the sixth ruby, the seventh chrysolite, the eighth beryl, the ninth topaz, the tenth turquoise, the eleventh jacinth, and the twelfth amethyst.
21 The twelve gates were twelve pearls, each gate made of a single pearl. The great street of the city was of gold, as pure as transparent glass.

Cross References 2

  • 1. Exodus 28:17-20; Isaiah 54:11,12; Ezekiel 28:13
  • 2. S ver 11
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