Preached at a Wednesday's Evening Lecture in Great-Eastcheap, Jan. i, 1755.
Isaiah IX. 7. latter part.
an 1 i The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this.
IN my last annual Sermon a save one, on this occasion, I discoursed concern-
ing the glorious things foretold of the church of God in the latter day, both
in the spiritual and personal reign of Christ ; and now I shall treat of the cer-
tain performance of those things. I gave an hint in my last annual Discourse b
that whereas great part of prophecy, particularly in the book of Revelation, has
been already fulfilled, there is great reason to believe the rest will be; and this
hint I shall pursue and enlarge upon at this time; and ar^ue from the actual
accomplishment of some things relating to the kingdom of Christ, to the cer-
tain completion of others ; and into this train and course of reasoning I shall be
naturally and easily led in considering the words of my text; which refer partly
to the performance of somethings foretold, since fulfilled, and partly to others
which yet remain to be accomplished ; and as sure as the one is fulfilled, so sure
shall the other. The things that are already performed are,
1. The appearance of Christ in the land of Galilee, which is predicted ver. 1. and which land, as it had been afflicted by the Assyrians, and was to be more so by the Romans, as it has been in the times of Vespasian and Titus, as the history of Josephus shews; and as it was vilec and mean, and lightly esteemed of by. men, it should be made glorious and honourable, as the word used signifiesd, particularly by the presence, ministry and miracles of Christ in it; and to this purpose it is quoted and applied by the evangelist Matthew, chap. iv. 13—23. from whence it appears, thatChrist first began to preach in that country; that he calledhis first disciples near the sea of Galilee; and that he went through that whole land, and taught and preached in the synagogues in it, and healed all diseases ; here he wrought his first miracle of turning water into wine ., here he lived the greatest part ot his private life; and here he resided chiefly during his public ministry ; here he promised to meet his disciples after his resurrection, and here he did : in short, being educated and brought up in this country in the former part of his life, and conversing here so much in the latter part of it; the Jews concluded he was born here, and confronted his Mefliahlhip with it, Jhall Christ come cut of Galilee' ?
1 Called the Glory of the Church in the latter Day, on Psal. Ixxxvii. 3.
* Imitled, Faith in God and his Word, the Establishment and Prosperity of his People, on 2 Chraiu. xx. ao. e ^ipn a y?p vilcm esse vel haberi. * "MBtS glorificavit, honorificaviu
And hence he was called by them Jesus -of Galilee, and his followers Galileans: all which confirm the truth of this prophecy, and the performance of it i and it is with respect to this, no doubt, that the antient Jews expected that the Messiah would first appear Galilee(.
2. Another event in consequence of the former is foretold, and that is, the illumination of the Galileans by the ministry of Christ among them, ver. z. These people were an ignorant and illiterate people ; their common language was rustic, rude and barbarous •, their speech betrayed them, as Peter's did, who therefore was supposed to be aGalilean; they were reckoned a people that knew not the law, and were accursed: it was observed, that no prophet arose among them, and no good thing was expected from them; and so are here said to walk in darkness, and to dwell in the land of the shadow of death ; and yet these people, according to this prophecy, were first favoured with seeing Christ, the light of the world, both with their bodily eyes and wich the eyes of their understanding, enlightened by his ministry ; the great light of the gospel shining in them, removed their darkness, and filled them with spiritual light and knowledge. Hence, as here predicted,
3. There was a multiplication of them; thou hast multiplied the nation, that is, Galilee of the nations •, which was multiplied with glory and honour, with, light and knowledge, with joy and comfort, and with a number of truly gracious fouls that believed in Christ; the five hundred brethren to whom our Lord appeared at once after his resurrection, seem to be Galileans, when he shewed himself on a mountain in their country to the eleven disciples •, for it will not be easy to say where there was such a number of brethren, or believers, but in Galilee; it is certain their number at Jerusalem was not so large, being but about an hundred and twenty.
4. It is foretold that there should be great joy upon all this; indeed our version renders it, not increased the joy ; but the Keri, or marginal reading of the Hebrew text is, and increased joy unto it, unto the nation : or it may be rendered with an interrogation, as it is by some, and may take in both the textual and marginal reading, hast thou not increased joy unto it?
« John vii. 41. * ^rr W)H2 NrrttfD toVD "bin" Zohar in Gen,fo!. 74. 3. ~ inx
bib nUDlp IDn ^OfV ibid, in Exod. sol. 3. 3. Ed. Sulczbach.
and in one way or other it must be rendered, or otherwise there is a glaring contradiction in the text; for it follows, they joy before thee according to the joy in harvest, and as men rejoice when they divide the spoil; phrases expressive of the greatest; joy among men ; as there doubtless was among the Galileans when Christ wa9 present with them, and his gospel preached to them ; which is a joyful sound, and brings good tidings of good things, peace, pardon, righteousness, and salvation by the incarnate Redeemer; and so joy along with it, wherever it comes with power, and is received and embraced ; as it did in Samaria, and among the Gentiles.
5. The ground and reason of this-joy would be a deliverance from a burdcnsom yoke, and from a staff and rod of affliction ; which was effected by Christ, who has delivered all his people, and so thole believing Galileans, from the yoke of the ceremonial law, a yoke of bondage intolerable; from the tyranny of Satan, and from the servitude of sin ; and which mould be wrought as easily, and as suddenly, as the deliverance of Israel from the Midianices by Gideon ; Christ's own arm bringing salvation to him, and his people, without the help of man : for every battle of the warrior is with confused noise ; with the shoutings of soldiers, blowing of trumpets, beating of drums, rattling of armour, and garments rolled in blood; the garments of the flain rolled in their own blood; but this shall be with burning and fuel of fire; through the flaming love and burning zeal and affection of Christ for his people, who,
6. Is prophesied of as the author of all this, and is the child that should be born, and the Son that should be given ; for not Hezekiah is here meant, as the Jews would have it, who at the time of this prophecy was at least ten or eleven years of age, and to whom the august titles after given can by no means agree. The child here is the same that is prophesied of, chap. vii. 14. that should be born of a virgin, and called Immanuel; even Jesus the son of Mary, born in the city of David, a Saviour, Christ the Lord, whose birth the angel declared to the fiepherds ; the Word that has been made flesh, and has dwelt among men : he is the Son of God, his only-begotten Son, his Son in such sense as no other is, and is the unspeakable gift of his love to men. He is here represented as a king, on whose shoulders the government should be; not meaning the government of the whole world, which belongs to him as God and creator; the kingdom is his, and he is the governor among the nations l; but the government of the church, his mediatorial kingdom, which is delegated to him, and devolved upon him as king of Zion, king of saints; a kingdom appointed to him, and for which he is and will be accountable to his Father, and will give it up to him compleat and perfect, and God shall be all in all: his names and titles follow, and his name shall be called ; not that he should be called in common by all the following names, but that he should be or answer to what is signified by them : so he is wonderful in his person as God and man, having two natures united in him ; in his offices, in his life and death, in his resurrection from the dead, ascension to heaven, session at the right hand of God, and second coming to judgment :
( Psalm xzii. z8.
counsellor, or, as the Septuagint render it, the angel of the great council; who assisted in the everlasting council held concerning the salvation of men ; and who by his Spirit, in his word, and by his ministers, gives the most wholesom counsel and advice to saints and sinners respecting their spirtual and eternal welfare : the mighty Cod, as appears from the perfections of deity in him, from the works done by him, from the worship given to him, and from his names and titles: the everlasting Father, who has a spiritual seed and offspring given him, whom he loves with an everlasting love, takes an everlasting care of, and makes;everlasting provision for: the prince of peace, the author of peace between God and men, between Jew and Gentile, and the giver of lpiritual and eternal peace. Now all the above things the zeal of the Lord of hosts has performed already.
The things which remain to be performed, are the increase of Christ's government, and the peace, order and establishment of it; which are predicted in the beginning of this verse, the latter part of which I have read unto you. The kingdom of Christ is set up in the world, and there was an increase of it in the first rimes of the Gospel, both in Judea and in the Gentile world, but it was buc small in comparison of what it will be ; the stone was cut out without hands, but is not yet, as it will be, a great mountain, which will fill the whole earrh ; as yet the kingdoms of this world are not Christ's, as they will be, when he shall be king over all the earth ; when the Jews will be converted, and the fulness of the Gentiles will be brought in. Little peace has attended the kingdom and church ofChrist as yet, but there will be abundance of it, when there will be an increase of his government ; when his " kingdom shall be from sea to sea, " and from the river to the ends of the earth," then there will be peace without and peace within; war shall cease from among the nations of the earth, and they shall learn it no more; the church will be free from persecution, and no more annoyed with it; there will be none to hurt and destroy in all the Lord's holy mountain; and there will be no more animosities and divisions among the saintsv *' Ephraim stiall not envy Judah, nor Judah vex Ephraim*: " and though Christ is upon the throne of his father David, and has appointed and ordered the form of government, and enacted laws, and settled ordinances for the execution of it ; yet it does not appear with that order and regularity as it will, when the church shall be established upon the top of the mountains, and so continue, being an everlasting kingdom. Now from the exact performance of all the above things in the context, and of all others, we may reasonably and strongly conclude the certain accomplishment of all things relating to the increase, peace, prosperity, order and settlement of the kingdom of Christ-; and this is what I shall at present insist upon, in the following method.
" Xsai. ii. 4. and chap. xi. 9, 13.
I. I shall consider the things that remain to be performed, and- the certain performance of them.
II. Shew to what the performance of them is to be ascribed ; to the zeal of the Lord of hosts.
I. The things that are not yet fulfilled, but will be, as may be argued from the performance of many things already relating to the same subject : and these are the destruction of antichrist, the more extensive call of the Gentiles, and the conversion of the Jews, the setting up by these means the kingdom of Christ in greater glory in the world, and his second coming, which will introduce his personal reign.
First, The destruction of antichrist; which as I have observed in the Sermon first referred to, is the leading event to the glory of Christ's spiritual kingdom; which cannot greatly increase, nor the peace of it, so long as this enemy stands in the way; and therefore he must be removed, as it is foretold he shall be. All that believe a divine revelation allow that there is, or will be, what is commonly called antichrist; not only Protestants, but even Jews and Papists: though both these latter have very foolish and fabulous notions concerning him ; yet a general notion they have, which is founded on prophecy. I shall therefore lay before you the more considerable prophecies concerning him, and observe what are fulfilled, and from thence argue the certain performance of those which relate to his utter and sinal ruin. I shall not take notice of what is only incidentally and occasionally dropped concerning him; such incidental and occasional hints we have as early as the times of David. In his Psalms there are frequent hints of him, and of his destruction ; as that the man of the earth fhall no more oppress, when the Lord shall reign for ever, and the Heathen or Gentiles, a name sometimes given to Papists, shall perish out of his land; and when the Mesliah is said to wound the bead over many countries; that is, antichrist; who has reigned over the kings and kingdoms of the earth : and respect seems to be had to his followers, when it is wished, that the sinners be consumed out of the earth, and the wicked be no more1; at the end of which verse the word Hallelujah is first used, and which is used at the destruction of mystical Babylon. But I shall only observe such as purposely and largely predict him and his ruin, and shall begin,
ijl, With the famous prophecy of him in the vnth of Daniel, in which the prophet is said to have a vision of four beasts rising out of the sea; that is, of the four monarchies rising up in the world, the Babylonian, Persian, Grecian and Roman :
N 2 horns;
' Psalm z. 16, 18. and ex. 6. and civ. 3;.
the fourth and last beast is the Roman empire, said to have ten horns; now among these rises up a little horn, different from them, and which plucks up three of them ; and it is said to have " eyes like the eyes of a man, and a look more stout than its fellows; to have a mouth speaking great things against the most High, and to make war with the faints, and prevail over them, and wear them out ; and to think to change times and laws; " and thus it is to continue until a time, and times, and the dividing of time, and then to have his dominion taken away, destroyed and consumed. Now this horn cannot be Antiochus Epipbanes, as Grotius, Junius, and others have thought; for not a single person or king is meant by a horn, but a kingdom or state, and a succession of rulers and governors in it ; as by the other ten horns are meant ten kings or kingdoms, ver. 24. And besides, this little horn is a part of the fourth, and not of the third beast, to whom Antiochus belonged ; and was to rife, not in the third, but in the fourth monarchy, not in the Grecian, but in the Roman empire; and moreover was to continue until the coming of Christ, even until the spiritual coming of Christ in the latter day, and when his spiritual kingdom will take place in the world: and as there is no other that has appeared in the Roman empire but antichrist, or the Pope of Rome, to whom the characters agree as to him •, it may be safely concluded he is intended, and as will more fully appear by the account of him ; who is described,
1. By his name and title, a little born. An born is an emblem of strength, power and authority, and denotes a strong and powerful principality or kingdom, as the ten horns do, as before observed; the allusion is to the horns of beasts, in which their strength lies, and with which they push their enemies and defend themselves : this horn indeed was but a little one, rose from small beginnings, and at its height was but such, in comparison of others; so the Pope of Rome, as to his ecclesiastic power, was but at first a common minister, pastor, or bishop of a single church •, then became metropolitan of all Italy, and at last commenced universal bishop : though this seems rather to regard him as a temporal prince; who was but very little indeed at his first appearance-, and, when considered only in his own domains, at highest, was but little in comparison of the other horns or kingdoms; though being allowed to exercise power in the rest of the kingdoms, and their power and strength being given to him, he was so formidable that none could withstand him, or make war with him, Rev. xvii. 13. and chap. xiii. 4.
2. By his rife and original from among the other horns or kingdoms, and his connexion with them ; he is said to come up among them. When the northern barbarous nations broke into the empire, and set up ten kingdoms in ir, this little horn sprung up among them ; and while they were forming kingdoms for themselves, he was contriving one for himself; they arose at the same time, and reigned together: so the ten horns in the Revelation, which are the fame
with these, and are there, as here, interpreted ten kings, are soid to receive sower, as kings, one hour with the beast\ the same as this little horn. Indeed in ver. 24. this little horn is said to rife after them, the other ten; not after the ten kingdoms were at end, but after they were set up, and constituted, and establistied ; as it was proper they should,. since they were to give theirstrength, power and kingdom to the beast', by which he became a horn, a temporal prince. The Septuagint render it behind them; which Mr Medt"' understands of his growing up unawares, imperceptibly, unnoticed* and unobserved by them, till he overtopped them. He is said to be divers or different/ro/» the first horns; they only had and exercised a secular power, but he, besides his temporal authority, had and exercised an ecclesiastic and spiritual one ; he not only had power over the bodies and estates, but over the souls and consciences of men ; and even over the other ten horns or kingdoms, which they had not over one another. Hence he is represented by two beasts in the Revelation, the one describing him in his secular, the other in his spiritual authority, as we shall fee anon ; and this made him different from other kings and princes: Moreover, before him three of the first horns were plucked up by the roots, or, as in ver. 20. before whom three fell, and which is interpreted ver. 24. of his subduing three kings or kingdoms ; which, according to Sir Isaac Newton ", were the exarchate of Ravenna, the kingdom of the Lombards, and the senate and dukedom of Rome, The bishop of Clogber % more lately, has expressed them thus, Campagnia of Rome, the exarchate of Ravenna, and the region of Pentapolis ; these were plucked up by Pipin and Charlemagne, kings of France, and given to the Pope, and were confirmed to him by their successor Lewis the pious; and make up what is called the patrimony of St Peter ; and in memory of this a piece of Mosaic work wa9 made, and put up in the Pope's palace; in which were represented St Peter with three keys in his lap, signifying the three keys of the three parts of his patrimony *; and to shew his sovereignty over them, the Pope to this day; wears a. triple crown. How surprisingly does the prophecy open unto us ! An evenc is here predicted above a thousand years, twelve or thirteen hundred years, before it was accomplished. lying, perjury, adultery, incest, sodomy, simony, sorcery, and every thing that is bad : hence their feat is called Sodom and Egypt, and the antichristian whore, the mother of harlots, and abominations of the earth, all centering here; and therefore with great propriety is he said to be the son of perdition, a name given to Judas that betrayed our Lord, John xvii. 11. and rightly belongs to antichrist, who is the Apollyon and destroyer of the fouls of men, by his false doctrine and worship, and will himself go into perdition : he is also represented as he that opposeth -, that opposcth Christ, and is an adversary of his, and therefore called antichrist : he opposes him in his offices f in his kingly office, by asserting himself to be the head of the church ; in his priestly office, by pretending to offer aip Christ again in the sacrifice of the mass, when he by one offering has perfected the whole work of atonement; and in his prophetic office, by coining new doctrines and articles of faith : moreover, be exalteth himself above all that is called God; above the gods of the heathens, who ascribe the government of the heavens to one, of the earth to another, of thtsea to another, and of the winds to another; but this haughty creature assumes all power to himself, in heaven, earth, and hell: he exalts himself above angels, who are called gods, Psal. viii. 4. In his bulls he has commanded angels to take such a soul out of purgatory, and to carry such a one to heaven °: and above all civil magistrates, who are called gods, Ptal. lxxxii. 5. assuming a power over them to depose them at pleasure; making an emperor to hold his stirrup whilst he alighted from his horse, and got upon it, and trampling on his neck, using those words. in Psal. xci. 13. and throwing a king under his table to lick bones, whilst he was eating: yea, htjitteth in the temple of God as god, shewing himself that he is god; he rose up and appeared in the church of God, at least so by profession, where he took his place, and, becoming apostate, here he continues, and shews himself as if he was God ; admitting his creatures and flatterers to call him God on earth, and our Lord God the Pope; receiving worship from them, and assuming that which is the peculiar prerogative of God, to forgive "sin. Moreover, he is called the mystery of iniquity; Mystery is one of the names of the whore of Babylon, and was formerly put upon the mitres of the Popes: it may respect both doctrines and practices, which were set afoot in the apostles time, and began to appear and work in Simon Magus, and his followers, and which centered in the papacy. Once more, he is called the wicked one, *»o,*®., a lawless person ; that dispenses with the laws of God and man, setting up himself above all law ; giving out that he is not subject to any human judicature; that he is the spiritual man that judges all, but is judged of none, being not accountable to any, yea, though he should lead millions of fouls to hell, yet none ought to say, " OLord the Pope, »«. what dost thou ?"
3. This little horn is further described by its eyes and look.; its eyes were like the eyes of man; strange for a horn to have eyes, stranger still for. the horn of a. beast to have eyes as the eyes of man. These are thought by some to denote the pretended sanctity and religion of the pope of Rome, or antichrist, who, though a beast, would be thought to be a man, a religious creature ; others think they
k Rev. xvii. u. » Ibid. ver. 13. ■ Works, p. 778.
» Observations on the Prophecies of Daniel, chap. 7. p. 75—78, 8o, 84, 85.
0 Impartial Enquiry into the Time of the Coming of the Meffiah, p. *8.
P See Sir Isaac Newton's Observations, &c. p. 86—88.
design his pretended modesty, humanity and courtesy, when he is all the reverse; but rather his insight into the sacred scriptures, and controversies about them -, he pretends to setting himself up to be an infallible interpreter of them, and judge of all controversies; though these eyes seem better to signify what he really had, and not what he pretended to •, and so may denote his sagacity and penetration, his craft and cunning, his looking out (harp to get what power and dominion he could, both temporal and spiritual; and his watchfulness and carefulness to keep what he had got, that none encroached upon it, or took part of it away from him: and they may also design all instruments and means by which he inspects his own affairs, and those of others; particularly the order of the Jesuits, which are, as his eyes, every where; spies in all kingdoms and courts, that pry into the mysteries of state, and by one means or another get knowledge of what is done in the councils and cabinets of princes: and how many eyes this horn had, is not said ; nor is it easy to say how many the Pope has •, he has as many as Argus, and more too, and these sharp and piercing: his look is said to be more stout than his fellows ; either than his fellow-bishops, claiming an authority over them, giving out that he is universal bishop ; or rather, than his fellow-horns, the kings and princes of the earth ; having a look more bold and daring, more arrogant and impudent ; assuming that power and authority to himself they do not; all-power in heaven, and in earth; a power to depose kings, and absolve their subjects from allegiance to them •, a power over the minds and consciences of men : or, as it may be rendered, whose appearance is greater than his fellows n; makes a greater show and figure, appears in greater pomp, splendor and glory than the kings; unless this can be understood of the society and college of his cardinals.
4. This horn is also described by its mouth, and what that spoke ; it is said to speak great things, yea very great things; as the Pope of Rome has, in favour of himself; as that he is head of the church, andChrist's vicar on earth; declares himself infallible, and to have a power over the kings and princes of the earth ; nay, he is said to speak great words against the Most High; setting himself up as a rival, and upon an equality with him ; taking upon him to forgive sin, arrd to make laws binding on the consciences of men, contrary to the scriptures; and preferring his own decrees, and the traditions of the church, to the word of God ; and thus the beast of Rome is described in Rev. xiii. 5, 6.
5. This horn is described by what he did, or thought to do; he is said to make war with the saints, and prevail against them, and wear them out; which respects the wars of the popes of Rome with the Waldenses and Albigenses, whom they flew in great numbers, and got the victory over; and what by their oppressions
■ nman in a-i mtm.
and persecutions, murders and massacres, have tired and near wore out the patience of the saints: and whereas the beast, the fame with this little horn, shall make war with the, two witnesses, and overcome and slay them ; the saints will then seem to be quite wore out and consumed, when their dead carcasses will lie in the streets of the great city unburied ; so that they will seem to be all de-„ ftroyed, and be thought by the Papists to be so •, and hence that rejoicing and sending gifts to each other, because these witnesses are no more, Rev. xi. 8 —10. also he shall think to change times and laws, which in chap. ii. 2 1. is ascribed to God as peculiar to him, and joined with removing and setting up kings-, which is what the Pope of Rome has taken to himself, to alter the forms and constitutions of kingdoms, and to set up and pull down kings at his pleasure, and free their subjects from obligation and obedience to them •, as also to change the use of times and seasons, by setting apatt holy days for the commemoration of his canonized faints; and by appointing such days in the week, and such a season in the year, for abstinence from meats ; as well as also to change laws, the laws of God and man, and dispense with both, and make new laws and canons to be observed. And this power of his was to continue until a time, and times, and the dividing of time, or half a time, as in Rev. xii. 14. where the fame way of (peaking is used, borrowed from hence ; time signifies a year, the longest measure of time we have, times two years, and a dividing of time, half a year; in all, three years and a half; the fame with the forty two months, the time of the beast's continuance, Rev. xiii. 5. and of the treading down of the holy city, Rev. xi. 2. and which answer to 1266 days, the witnesses prophesy in sackcloth, ver. 3. by which are meant so many years; «hd so long the little horn or beast is to continue ; but when this time is up, then his dominion shall be taken away, and be consumed and destroyed; yea, because of the words this horn spake, the beast will htjLtiny his body destroyed, and given to the burning flame, Dan. vii. 11, 26. the whole empire shall be destroyed, the capital of it (hall be burnt with flre^ the ten kings (hall hate the whore, eat her flesh, and burn her with fire; this will be the catastrophe of the little horn. And now, who that attentively considers how every part of this vision and prophecy has been exactly fulfilled, except the last, can hesitate in his mind, or doubt one moment of the certain performance of that, even the utter destruction of this little horn, or antichrist ? The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this, as well as all the rest.
idly, Another famous prophecy of antichrist, and his destruction, we have in a Thefs. ii. 3—12. where he is described,
I. By his names and characters; he is called the man of fin ; one addicted and given to sin in a grievous manner, notoriously sinful, a spiritual wickedness in high places \ one guilty of all manner of sin,, as the Popes of Rome have been j
• See my Exposition of 2 These, ii. 4.
2. He is described in this prophecy by his appearance, and mannerof entrance, and his influence over men. There was something that let or hindered him from making his appearance sooner than he did, which being removed, he was to be and has been revealed ; this was the Roman empire and emperors, which so long a.1 they were, and Rome the feat of their empire, he could not take his place and feat, and appear in his pomp and grandeur; but this lett was removed, partly by Constantine conquering the heathen emperors, abolishing paganism, and establishing Christianity in the empire, and bestowing great riches on the church-, but more so by removing the feat of the empire from Rome to Byzantium, called after his name Constantinople, which opened the way for the bistiop of Rome to take his place-, and chiefly and last of all, ffie empire being divided into eastern and western, the latter became extinct in Augustulus, the last of the Roman emperors, who resigned to Odoacer, who took upon him the title, not of emperor of Rome, but king of Italy, and retired from Rome to Ravenna; and the seat being empty, was soon filled by the Pope of Rome, and he quickly appeared in his grandeur and glory : whose coming was after the working of Satan; he came in like him, a deceiver, a liar, and a murderer, and under his influence, and by his assistance: with all power; with pretensions to all power in heaven and in earth, even to power next to omnipotence: and Jigns and lying wonders; pretending to work miracles, though all were shams and lies, of which the popiih legends are full; and under a shew of righteousness deceived many; and meeting with carnal professors that loved not the truth, they were given up in a judicial manner to believe his lies -, as, that he was head of the church, Christ's vicar, had a power to forgive fin, and grant pardons and indulgences ; particularly that great lie of transubstantiation, that he and his priests have power to transmute the bread and wine in the Lord's supper into the very 'body and blood of Christ; receiving which lies, spoken in hypocrisy, they bring damnation upon themselves. And here give me leave,
3. To observe another passage, though not in this prophecy, yet delivered out by the fame inspired writer, which predicts some of the notorious doctrines and practices of antichrist-, it is in 1 Tim. iv. 1—3. where the apostle foretels a departure from the faith in after-times, and the appearance of seducing spirits, who should teach doilrines of devils. The doctrines of dæmon-worship, like that of the heathens, their dæmons being a middle sort of beings between God and men, and mediated between them; and such are the angels and saints departed, the-Papists direct men to pray unto; and which is called worshipping devils, and idols of gold, silver, brass, stone, and wood, Rev. ix. 20. forbidding to marry-, matrimony, though God's ordinance, and honourable, is forbidden popish priests, and celibacy is enjoined, under a notion of sanctity and purity ; and which is
Vol, I. O the the source of great debauchery and uncleanness among them : commanding to abstain from meals; as on Wednesdays and Fridays in every week, and during the. ■quadragestma or Lent, the fast; of forty days. And now whereas it is most clearly manifest, that all these characters of antichrist, and all these things predicted of him hundreds of years before his appearance, exactly answer to the Pope of Rome, and have been punctually performed-, there can be no reason to doubt of the certain performance of what the same prophetic spirit has declared concerning his destruction ; as that the Lord stall consume him with the spirit os bis mouth, and destroy him with the brightness of his coming ; that is, by the spiritual and powerful preaching of the gospel, attended with the presence of Christ in the beginning of his spiritual reign •, when the whole earth will be enlightened with, his glory, and antichrist, and all antichristian darkness, doctrine and worship shall disappear; and the rather this is to be credited, since it receives confirmation from a prophecy of Isaiah, delivered many hundreds of years before this, in much the fame language, and from whom the apostle seems to borrow his words; for speaking of Christ, he says, he stall smite the earth with the rod cj his mouth, and with the breath of his lips stall he stay the wicked m ; that wicked lawless one, antichrist : The Lord in his great zeal will perform this.
^dly, I will just observe, in brief, the account we have of antichrist in the book of the Revelation: in chapter the xm"1 he is described, both in his civil and ecclesiastic capacity, by two beasts; the one rising out of the sea, that is, ouc of the commotions made in the empire by the northern nations •, when he appeared as a temporal prince, having his feat on the seven-hill-city, signified by seven heads, and power over the ten kingdoms or ten horns; and is compared to a leopard for his swiftness and insidiousness in obtaining power; to a bear for his cruelty, and. to a lion for his strength arid terror ; and became so powerful, notwithstanding the deadly wound, as to be admired and feared by all the world ; and is described much in the same manner as the little horn in Daniel, having a mouth speaking blasphemies against God, his tab ernacle and people; and power to make war with the saints, and overcome them, and permission to continue exactly the fame time. The other beast, an emblem of him in his ecclesiastic capacity, is said to rise out os the earth; from the dregs of christians, earthly, carnal and corrupt, fiom arv apostate church ; and pretending to great humility> calling himself servus servorum ; having two horns like a lamb, as if very meek, humble and harmless; but spake like a dragon, when he uttered his bulls and anathemas:
m Isai. xi 4. which the Targum interprets of'the wicked AmiiJlus, the name of the ar t;christ of the Jews, and which is either a corruption of Romulus, the first king of the Romans, and (hey suppose he will come from Rome ; or of the Greek word ifiuiXiS-, so Philip Aquinas in Lex. sol. 36. 2. inter— pretj it, a wnsiir of tbt popk -, which well agrees with our antichrist* Rev. xi 18.
he is represented as exercising all the power he had as a temporal prince, to oblige the world to worship him, and as doing lying miracles to deceive men ; enjoining them to worship his image on pain of death, and causing all to have his mark in their right hand or forehead, or else be deprived of the common privilege of mankind in buying and selling; all which has been done by the Romish antichrist; and the account is concluded with the number of his name 666, about which there have been many conjectures; but none bid fairer than the ancient one of Irenxus, which is Lateinos, the letters of which. amount to this number; this was the name of a man, a king of Italy. Now the -church of Rome is the Latin church ; its service is in the Latin tongue; the Pope is head of it ; and his seat is in the Latin empire. In chap. xvii,h antichrist is represented by a woman sitting on a beast with seven heads and ten horns, which designs him in his twofold capacity as before ; and as sitting on many waters, interpreted of people and nations ; and is described as a inhere by her dress and attire, by her fornication, filthiness and murder; all which exactly points at, and has been fulfilled in the church of Rome. And now,. who that considers these things, and observes the exact accomplishment of them,, but will see abundant reason to believe, that what is said of the ruin of this antichrist fhall be performed ; that the seven vials of God's wrath shall be poured out on the antichristian states; that the whore shall be burnt with fire, and that her sear, Rome, mystical Babylon, shall meet with the same fate, and the beast go into perdition ? The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this ".
Secondly, The increase of the kingdom of Christ in the latter day, foretold in this verse, will be owing to the vast numbers of Gentiles that shall be called, and to the conversion of the Jews. Many and antient are the prophecies concerning the calling of the Gentiles; as, that when Shiloh, or the Messiah should come, the gathering of the people should be to him ; that be should be set up as an ensign to them, and they should seek to him, and he be a light unto them, and the covenant of them ; and the abundance of them should be converted to him • : which had their completion in part in the first times of the gospel, by the ministry of the apostles every where; and especially when the Roman empire, or the whole world became christian ; and also at the time of the Reformation ; but as yet they have not had their full accomplishment, as they will when the kingdoms of this world shall become Christ's, and all kings and nations shall serve and worship him : and since they have been in part fulfilled we may be assured of the full performance of them ; since we have seen the kingdom of the stone cut out without hands, as Mr Mede* distinguishes, we need not doubt of the kingdom of the mountain, which will fill the whole earth taking place: the conversion of the Jews, as a body, as a nation of men, is what is predicted, and will make much for the increase and glory of Christ's kingdom.
» Rev. xvi. 1. and xvii. 8, 16. and xviii. 10. • Gen. xlix. Jo. Ifai. xi. 10. and xiii. 6.
and Ix. 4, 5. p Workj, p. 743.
That people have been of old the subject of prophecies, which in a variety of instances have been fulfilled. It was foretold to their great ancestor, Abraham, that they his posterity should be strangers, and serve in a land not theirs in much affliction, four hundred years, and then come out with great substance p, as it is well known they did at that exact time ; their going into captivity in Babylon, and their return from thence at the end of 70 years, were predicted many years before these events % which were punctually accomplished : the various straits, difficulties, and distresses these people should come into for their fins, at different times; the besieging of their cities, and the dreadful famine they should be reduced to, (b as to eat their own flesh, and delicate women their own children, as at the siege of Samaria, and at the siege of Jerusalem, both by the Chaldeans and Romans; and their dispersion all over the world ; and even the very characters of their enemies, are given us, being of a far country, of a fierce look, and of a language they understood not: all these, with many other things, are foretold by Moses in Dent, xxviii. 20—68. some of them at the distance of two thousand years, and which have had their exact accomplishment': but what is most surprising of all, is the continuance of this people as a distinct people, notwithstanding all this, as it was said they fliould, and as the Lord promised" he would not cast them away, destroy they utterly, or make a full end of them, as he has of other nations their enemies*; who are no more, nor their names to be heard of any where, as the Edomites, Moabites, Ammonites, and others ;. but these are still in being : yea, what is more wonderful, that several of those nations among whom they are now dispersed, have been even since their lcatterino- among them, so mixed and confounded with other people, that they are not able to distinguish one from another, or trace their original, as particularly in Spain, France and England; yet, these people remain a distinct people, as they do every where, without any king over them, not having their own magistrates, and without the observance of many of their own laws: now what can be the reason of this ? no other, than as the tribe of Judah Æas kept a distinct tribe till the Messiah came, that it mfght appear that he sprung from it, according to prophecy •, so the Jews are kept a distinct people unto the time of thefr conversion, that that may be manifest to all the world. Moreover, even the ignorance and blindness of this people, their unbelief and rejection of the Messiah, and their obstinate persistance in it, are the fulfilling of prophecy; both our Lord, and tne apostle Paul, when they speak ' of these things, refer to ant'rent prophecy, as being no other than what were foretold. Seeing theu all these things con
cerning. cerning them have been accomplished, we ought most firmly to believe, that whit concerns them in futurity also will •, as that they shall seek, and find the Lord, and David their king ; that a spirit of grace and supplication shall be poured on them, and they shall look on him whom they have pierced, and mourn ; and shall turn to the Lord, and receive him as the Messiah, and embrace his gospel and ordinances; and so all Israel shall be saved in a spiritual sense, and mall return to their own land., and resettle there, as is foretold they shall': The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this.
t> Gen. xv. 13, 14. 1 Jcr. xxv. 11. lz. and xxix. "O. * See Dr Ne-ii-tm's ni'ssatationt
on the Prophecies, Dissert. 7. ji.'l published ; wherein these prophecies are largely and excellently explained, as fulfilled; with many others relating to that people, and their enemies, supported by good authoiuies. • Lev. xxvi. 44. Jer. xxx. t,t. ' John xii. 37—41. Rom.xi.8—10.
Thirdly, By the above means the kingdom of Christ will be set up in the world in greater glory than now it is, of which we have no reason to doubt ; especially when we observe the several steps which were to be taken, and have been taken towards the advancement of it •, as the opening of the seven seals, and blowing of six of the trumpets. The seven seals are so many several steps, and gradual advances to introduce the gospel, kingdom and church of Christ into the world. The opening of the first seal brought the gospel into che Gentile world, in which Christ is represented riding on a white horse with a bow, and conquering, and to conquer; the second, third and fourth seals opened, brought the sword, famine and pestilence into the Roman empire, as Gdd's judgments for the ill usage and persecution of the preachers and professors of the gospel; and the fifth seal represents the souls under the altar crying for vengeance on their enemies for shedding their blood; and the sixth opened brings utter destruction on the whole Pagan empire, as such, signified by the darkening of the sun, moon and stars, and by other things. And here one might have expected that the kingdom Of Christ would have been now set up in all its glory : but though here were peace and prosperity introduced into the church of God, and it was greatly enlarged; yet the worldly wealth and riches brought into it, issued in the corruption and apostacy of it ; and brought in the papacy, which arose, and continued, and, still does, and stands in the way of Christ's kingdom. The seventh seal opened, brings in seven angels with seven trumpets to Wow, six of which are blown already. The first four blown, brought in the northern nations, the Goths,. Huns, Vandals, &c. into the western empire, which overrun several countries, entered Italy, sacked and burnt Rom* itself,, signified by the burning mountain, and spread darkness and ignorance over all the empire, designed by the smiting of the sun, moon and stars; and which broke it to pieces, and divided it into ten kingdoms, signified by the ten toe*, in Nebuchadnezzar's dream,, and the ten horns in Daniel's vision. The fifth trumpet brought in Mahomet and his Saracens, the locusts; and the sixth trumpet the Turks, the four angels loosed at the river Euphrates into the eastern empire., which set up a kingdom there that still 'continues. And now, since six of these trumpets have been blown, and the effects have followed predicted by them ; why should we not most iirmly believe, that the seventh trumpet will be blown, when the mystery of God will be finished •, when the kingdoms of this world will become our Lord's; when he will cake to himself his great power and reign ; when he will destroy them thac destroy the earth, and give a reward to his servants, and to all that fear his name ? The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this \
the 1 HoCiii. 5. Zech. xii. 10. z Cor. Hi. 16. R«m. IM..25, 26. Ezek. xxxvii. %i, zi.
Fourthly, As by the above events, the spiritual reign of Christ will take place in the world, so by his second coming the personal reign will be introduced, which will last a thousand years \ and from the fulfilment of prophecy concerning the first coming of Christ, which is predicted in the context, as we have seen, we may most strongly argue the certain performance of all that respect* his second coming. He came ac first exactly at the time pointed out in prophecy •, before the scepter departed from Jttdab, while the second temple was standing, into which he came, as he was to do, and just- at the expiration of Daniel's weeks. All characters and circumstances in prophecy meet in him; all things concerning him in the law, psalms and prophets, had their sulfiling end in him -, concerning his birth, and the place of it j his mean appearance in the world •, his doctrines and miracles; his sufferings and death, and many particular circumstances respecting them •, as the betraying of him by one of his disciples -, selling him for thirty pieces of silver-, crucifying him between two thieves; piercing his hands, feet and side; giving him gall and vinegar to drink -, casting lots on his vesture, with other things ; also his resurrection from the dead, ascension to heaven, and session at the right hand of God. And since these things have been completely fulfilled, what room or reason is there to doubt, that he will appear a second time without sin to salvation ? The angels at his ascension affirmed he would descend from heaven, as he ascended: the apostle Paul assures us he shall descend from heaven with the voice of an archangel, and be revealed from thence with his mighty angels -, and he himself has said no less than three times, in the close of the canon of the scripture, Lo, I tome quickly. Let us believe therefore that he will come, and make all things new •, produce new heavens, and a new earth, and set up his tabernacle among his people, and dwell with them, and they reign with him ; The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this. Which leads me,
II. To consider to what the performance of all this will be owing -, to the zeal of (be Lord of hosts: he is the Lord of hosts or armies, the maker of the hosts of heaven, and the disposer of them, and rules among them, and does whatever he pleases -, nothing is impossible with him, or too hard for him;
u Rer. x. 7. and xi. 15—18.
and as Abraham believed that God, who promised, was also able to perform; so should we believe, that whatever the Lord of hosts has prophesied of, he is able to fulfil, and will fulfil •, his truth and faithfulness are engaged, as for the performance of his promise, so of his prophecies •, he is the unchangeable Jehovah, God that cannot lie, and who never repents of what he has spoken, but makes all good: his zeal moves and puts him upon it; which may be understood either of his wrath and indignation against his enemies, that jealousy of histhat smokes against them; that zeal and vengeance with which he is sometimes clad : this will put him upon performing all that he has said concerning antichrist, against whom his indignation must be raised; who has spoke great things against him, and blasphemed his name, opposed his Son, his kingdom and interest, and persecuted his people : or else it may design his great love and affection. As zeal with men, when right, is no other than fervent charityr burning love,and flaming affection, so it may be considered here; and mean his love for himself, his zeal for his own glory, which is his ultimate end in creation, in providence, in his works of grace, and which will be answered in the destruction of antichrist, and setting up the kingdom of his Son in the world :. also his strong love and affection to Christ, both as his own Son, and the mediator between him. and his people; and therefore it may be depended on, he will make him his first-born, higher than the kings of the earth : to which may be added, his great love to his church and people j which has been so great as to give his Son for them, to become incarnate, and to suffer and die in their room, and to make him king over them to protect and defend them; and therefore it need not be doubted that the kingdom under the whole heaven shall be given to them, according'to promise and prophecy uj The zeal of the Lord of hosts, the zeal of his house, and for it, will ■perform this. I shall close with a word or two.
What has-been said will serve greatly to support the credit of divine revelation j the sacred Word will appear from hence to be indeed the Word of God, and not the word of men; we may be assured the scripture is divinely inspired, and is a sure word of prophecy ; for what else could have foretold such numbers of events, which have been exactly fulfilled : particularly what relate to Jews and Papists, who are two such living and standing proofs of the truth of the divine revelation, that all the Deists in the world are not able to set aside ? Likewise, this may serve to encourage our faith,, as to the performance of whatsoever has been spoken by the Lord ; for if he performs all.things for us in providence, as he does for particular persons, as Job, David, and others, as he did i then much mere may we believe that he will perform all that he has said he will do for himself, for his Son, and for his church and people in the world. But then, though he has so particularly- prophesied of, and so peremptorily promised these things, yet he will be enquired of by his people to do them.
promised; " Dan, vu. 27..
We should therefore pray continually to him, and give him no rest day nor night until they are accomplished ; and for the accomplishment of which we should quietly wait* for there is an appointed time, and when that comes there will be no tarrying : Blessed is be that waiteth, and cometb to the thousand three hunted and five and thirty days ". I add no more but this wish, the Lord direct your hearts into the love of God, and into the patient waiting for Christ \
w Dan. xii. it. * t These, iii, 5.