Numbers 15

1 locutus est Dominus ad Mosen dicens
2 loquere ad filios Israhel et dices ad eos cum ingressi fueritis terram habitationis vestrae quam ego dabo vobis
3 et feceritis oblationem Domino in holocaustum aut victimam vota solventes vel sponte offerentes munera aut in sollemnitatibus vestris adolentes odorem suavitatis Domino de bubus sive de ovibus
4 offeret quicumque immolaverit victimam sacrificium similae decimam partem oephi conspersae oleo quod mensuram habebit quartam partem hin
5 et vinum ad liba fundenda eiusdem mensurae dabit in holocausto sive in victima per agnos singulos
6 et arietis erit sacrificium similae duarum decimarum quae conspersa sit oleo tertiae partis hin
7 et vinum ad libamentum tertiae partis eiusdem mensurae offeret in odorem suavitatis Domino
8 quando vero de bubus feceris holocaustum aut hostiam ut impleas votum vel pacificas victimas
9 dabis per singulos boves similae tres decimas conspersae oleo quod habeat medium mensurae hin
10 et vinum ad liba fundenda eiusdem mensurae in oblationem suavissimi odoris Domino
11 sic facietis
12 per singulos boves et arietes et agnos et hedos
13 tam indigenae quam peregrini
14 eodem ritu offerent sacrificia
15 unum praeceptum erit atque iudicium tam vobis quam advenis terrae
16 locutus est Dominus ad Mosen dicens
17 loquere filiis Israhel et dices ad eos
18 cum veneritis in terram quam dabo vobis
19 et comederitis de panibus regionis illius separabitis primitias Domino
20 de cibis vestris sicut de areis primitias separatis
21 ita et de pulmentis dabitis primitiva Domino
22 quod si per ignorantiam praeterieritis quicquam horum quae locutus est Dominus ad Mosen
23 et mandavit per eum ad vos a die qua coepit iubere et ultra
24 oblitaque fuerit facere multitudo offeret vitulum de armento holocaustum in odorem suavissimum Domino et sacrificium eius ac liba ut caerimoniae postulant hircumque pro peccato
25 et rogabit sacerdos pro omni multitudine filiorum Israhel et dimittetur eis quoniam non sponte peccaverunt nihilominus offerentes incensum Domino pro se et pro peccato atque errore suo
26 et dimittetur universae plebi filiorum Israhel et advenis qui peregrinantur inter vos quoniam culpa est omnis populi per ignorantiam
27 quod si anima una nesciens peccaverit offeret capram anniculam pro peccato suo
28 et deprecabitur pro ea sacerdos quod inscia peccaverit coram Domino inpetrabitque ei veniam et dimittetur illi
29 tam indigenis quam advenis una lex erit omnium qui peccaverint ignorantes
30 anima vero quae per superbiam aliquid commiserit sive civis sit ille sive peregrinus quoniam adversum Dominum rebellis fuit peribit de populo suo
31 verbum enim Domini contempsit et praeceptum illius fecit irritum idcirco delebitur et portabit iniquitatem suam
32 factum est autem cum essent filii Israhel in solitudine et invenissent hominem colligentem ligna in die sabbati
33 obtulerunt eum Mosi et Aaron et universae multitudini
34 qui recluserunt eum in carcerem nescientes quid super eo facere deberent
35 dixitque Dominus ad Mosen morte moriatur homo iste obruat eum lapidibus omnis turba extra castra
36 cumque eduxissent eum foras obruerunt lapidibus et mortuus est sicut praeceperat Dominus
37 dixit quoque Dominus ad Mosen
38 loquere filiis Israhel et dices ad eos ut faciant sibi fimbrias per angulos palliorum ponentes in eis vittas hyacinthinas
39 quas cum viderint recordentur omnium mandatorum Domini nec sequantur cogitationes suas et oculos per res varias fornicantes
40 sed magis memores praeceptorum Domini faciant ea sintque sancti Deo suo
41 ego Dominus Deus vester qui eduxi vos de terra Aegypti ut essem vester Deus

Numbers 15 Commentary

Chapter 15

The law of the meat-offering and the drink-offering The stranger under the same law. (1-21) The sacrifice for the sin of ignorance. (22-29) The punishment of presumption The sabbath-breaker stoned. (30-36) The law for fringes on garment. (37-41)

Verses 1-21 Full instructions are given about the meat-offerings and drink-offerings. The beginning of this law is very encouraging, When ye come into the land of your habitation which I give unto you. This was a plain intimation that God would secure the promised land to their seed. It was requisite, since the sacrifices of acknowledgment were intended as the food of God's table, that there should be a constant supply of bread, oil, and wine, whatever the flesh-meat was. And the intent of this law is to direct the proportions of the meat-offering and drink-offering. Natives and strangers are placed on a level in this as in other like matters. It was a happy forewarning of the calling of the Gentiles, and of their admission into the church. If the law made so little difference between Jew and Gentile, much less would the gospel, which broke down the partition-wall, and reconciled both to God.

Verses 22-29 Though ignorance will in a degree excuse, it will not justify those who might have known their Lord's will, yet did it not. David prayed to be cleansed from his secret faults, those sins which he himself was not aware of. Sins committed ignorantly, shall be forgiven through Christ the great Sacrifice, who, when he offered up himself once for all upon the cross, seemed to explain one part of the intention of his offering, in that prayer, Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do. It looked favourably upon the Gentiles, that this law of atoning for sins of ignorance, is expressly made to extend to those who were strangers to Israel.

Verses 30-36 Those are to be reckoned presumptuous sinners, who sin designedly against God's will and glory. Sins thus committed are exceedingly sinful. He that thus breaks the commandment reproaches the Lord. He also despises the word of the Lord. Presumptuous sinners despise it, thinking themselves too great, too good, and too wise, to be ruled by it. A particular instance of presumption in the sin of sabbath-breaking is related. The offence was gathering sticks on the sabbath day, to make a fire, whereas the people were to bake and seethe what they had occasion for, the day before, ( Exodus 16:23 ) . This was done as an affront both to the law and to the Lawgiver. God is jealous for the honour of his sabbaths, and will not hold him guiltless who profanes them, whatever men may do. God intended this punishment for a warning to all, to make conscience of keeping holy the sabbath. And we may be assured that no command was ever given for the punishment of sin, which, at the judgment day, shall not prove to have come from perfect love and justice. The right of God to a day of devotion to himself, will be disputed and denied only by such as listen to the pride and unbelief of their hearts, rather than to the teaching of the Spirit of truth and life. Wherein consists the difference between him who was detected gathering sticks in the wilderness on the day of God, and the man who turns his back upon the blessings of sabbath appointments, and the promises of sabbath mercies, to use his time, his cares, and his soul, in heaping up riches; and waste his hours, his property, and his strength in sinful pleasure? Wealth may come by the unhallowed effort, but it will not come alone; it will have its awful reward. Sinful pursuits lead to ruin.

Verses 37-41 The people are ordered by the Lord to make fringes on the borders of their garments. The Jews were distinguished from their neighbours in their dress, as well as in their diet, and thus taught not to be conformed to the way of the heathen in other things. They proclaimed themselves Jews wherever they were, as not ashamed of God and his law. The fringes were not appointed for trimming and adorning their clothes, but to stir ( 2 Peter. 3:1 ) tempted to sin, the fringe would warn them not to break God's commandments. We should use every means of refreshing our memories with the truths and precepts of God's word, to strengthen and quicken our obedience, and arm our minds against temptation. Be holy unto your God; cleansed from sin, and sincerely devoted to his service; and that great reason for all the commandments is again and again repeated, "I am the Lord your God."

Chapter Summary


In this chapter the children of Israel are instructed about the meat offerings and drink offerings, and the quantities of them, which were always to go along with their burnt offerings and peace offerings they should offer when they came into the land of Canaan, Nu 15:1-12; and they are told that the same laws and ordinances would be binding equally on them that were of the country, and on the strangers in it, Nu 15:13-16; and an order is given them to offer a cake of the first dough for an heave offering, Nu 15:17-21; and they are directed what sacrifices to offer for sins of ignorance, both of the congregation and particular persons, Nu 14:22-29; but as for presumptuous sinners, they were to be cut off, Nu 14:30,31; and an instance is recorded of stoning a sabbath breaker, Nu 14:32-36; and the chapter is concluded with a law for wearing fringes on the borders of their garments, the use of which is expressed, Nu 14:35-41.

Numbers 15 Commentaries

The Latin Vulgate is in the public domain.