Meanwhile a prophet1 came to Ahab king of Israel and announced, "This is what the LORD says: 'Do you see this vast army? I will give it into your hand today, and then you will know2 that I am the LORD.' "
References for 1 Kings 20:13
"But who will do this?" asked Ahab. The prophet replied, "This is what the LORD says: 'The young officers of the provincial commanders will do it.' " "And who will start3 the battle?" he asked. The prophet answered, "You will."
References for 1 Kings 20:14
So Ahab summoned the young officers of the provincial commanders, 232 men. Then he assembled the rest of the Israelites, 7,000 in all.
They set out at noon while Ben-Hadad and the 32 kings allied with him were in their tents getting drunk.4
References for 1 Kings 20:16
The young officers of the provincial commanders went out first. Now Ben-Hadad had dispatched scouts, who reported, "Men are advancing from Samaria."
He said, "If they have come out for peace, take them alive; if they have come out for war, take them alive."
The young officers of the provincial commanders marched out of the city with the army behind them
and each one struck down his opponent. At that, the Arameans fled, with the Israelites in pursuit. But Ben-Hadad king of Aram escaped on horseback with some of his horsemen.
The king of Israel advanced and overpowered the horses and chariots and inflicted heavy losses on the Arameans.
Afterward, the prophet5 came to the king of Israel and said, "Strengthen your position and see what must be done, because next spring6 the king of Aram will attack you again."
References for 1 Kings 20:22
Meanwhile, the officials of the king of Aram advised him, "Their gods are gods7 of the hills. That is why they were too strong for us. But if we fight them on the plains, surely we will be stronger than they.
References for 1 Kings 20:23
Do this: Remove all the kings from their commands and replace them with other officers.
You must also raise an army like the one you lost--horse for horse and chariot for chariot--so we can fight Israel on the plains. Then surely we will be stronger than they." He agreed with them and acted accordingly.
The next spring8 Ben-Hadad mustered the Arameans and went up to Aphek9 to fight against Israel.
References for 1 Kings 20:26
When the Israelites were also mustered and given provisions, they marched out to meet them. The Israelites camped opposite them like two small flocks of goats, while the Arameans covered the countryside.10
References for 1 Kings 20:27
The man of God came up and told the king of Israel, "This is what the LORD says: 'Because the Arameans think the LORD is a god of the hills and not a god11 of the valleys, I will deliver this vast army into your hands, and you will know12 that I am the LORD.' "
References for 1 Kings 20:28
For seven days they camped opposite each other, and on the seventh day the battle was joined. The Israelites inflicted a hundred thousand casualties on the Aramean foot soldiers in one day.
The rest of them escaped to the city of Aphek,13 where the wall collapsed14 on twenty-seven thousand of them. And Ben-Hadad fled to the city and hid15 in an inner room.
References for 1 Kings 20:30
His officials said to him, "Look, we have heard that the kings of the house of Israel are merciful.16 Let us go to the king of Israel with sackcloth17 around our waists and ropes around our heads. Perhaps he will spare your life."
References for 1 Kings 20:31
Wearing sackcloth around their waists and ropes around their heads, they went to the king of Israel and said, "Your servant Ben-Hadad says: 'Please let me live.' " The king answered, "Is he still alive? He is my brother."
The men took this as a good sign and were quick to pick up his word. "Yes, your brother Ben-Hadad!" they said. "Go and get him," the king said. When Ben-Hadad came out, Ahab had him come up into his chariot.
"I will return the cities18 my father took from your father," Ben-Hadad19 offered. "You may set up your own market areas20 in Damascus,21 as my father did in Samaria." [Ahab said, ] "On the basis of a treaty22 I will set you free." So he made a treaty with him, and let him go.
References for 1 Kings 20:34