1 Samuel 13 NIV

Samuel Rebukes Saul

1 Saul was [thirty]a years old when he became king, and he reigned over Israel [forty-]b two years.

References for 1 Samuel 13:1

    • a 13:1 - A few late manuscripts of the Septuagint; Hebrew does not have "thirty."
    • b 13:1 - See the round number in Acts 13:21; Hebrew does not have "forty-."
      2 Saulc chose three thousand men from Israel; two thousand1 were with him at Micmash2 and in the hill country of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan at Gibeah3 in Benjamin. The rest of the men he sent back to their homes.

      References for 1 Samuel 13:2

        • c 13:2 - ,2 Or "and when he had reigned over Israel two years, 2 he"
          3 Jonathan attacked the Philistine outpost4 at Geba,5 and the Philistines heard about it. Then Saul had the trumpet6 blown throughout the land and said, "Let the Hebrews hear!"

          References for 1 Samuel 13:3

          4 So all Israel heard the news: "Saul has attacked the Philistine outpost, and now Israel has become a stench7 to the Philistines." And the people were summoned to join Saul at Gilgal.

          References for 1 Samuel 13:4

          5 The Philistines assembled8 to fight Israel, with three thousandd chariots, six thousand charioteers, and soldiers as numerous as the sand9 on the seashore. They went up and camped at Micmash,10 east of Beth Aven.11

          References for 1 Samuel 13:5

            • d 13:5 - Some Septuagint manuscripts and Syriac; Hebrew "thirty thousand"
              6 When the men of Israel saw that their situation was critical and that their army was hard pressed, they hid12 in caves and thickets, among the rocks, and in pits and cisterns.13

              References for 1 Samuel 13:6

              7 Some Hebrews even crossed the Jordan to the land of Gad14 and Gilead. Saul remained at Gilgal, and all the troops with him were quaking15 with fear.

              References for 1 Samuel 13:7

              8 He waited seven16 days, the time set by Samuel; but Samuel did not come to Gilgal, and Saul's men began to scatter.

              References for 1 Samuel 13:8

              9 So he said, "Bring me the burnt offering and the fellowship offerings.e " And Saul offered17 up the burnt offering.

              References for 1 Samuel 13:9

                • e 13:9 - Traditionally "peace offerings"
                  10 Just as he finished making the offering, Samuel18 arrived, and Saul went out to greet19 him.

                  References for 1 Samuel 13:10

                  11 "What have you done?" asked Samuel. Saul replied, "When I saw that the men were scattering, and that you did not come at the set time, and that the Philistines were assembling at Micmash,20

                  References for 1 Samuel 13:11

                    • 20 13:11 - S ver 2; ver 2,5,16,23
                      12 I thought, 'Now the Philistines will come down against me at Gilgal,21 and I have not sought the LORD's favor.22' So I felt compelled to offer the burnt offering."

                      References for 1 Samuel 13:12

                      13 "You acted foolishly,23" Samuel said. "You have not kept24 the command the LORD your God gave you; if you had, he would have established your kingdom over Israel for all time.25

                      References for 1 Samuel 13:13

                      14 But now your kingdom26 will not endure; the LORD has sought out a man after his own heart27 and appointed28 him leader29 of his people, because you have not kept30 the LORD's command."
                      15 Then Samuel left Gilgalf and went up to Gibeah31 in Benjamin, and Saul counted the men who were with him. They numbered about six hundred.32

                      References for 1 Samuel 13:15

                        • f 13:15 - Hebrew; Septuagint "Gilgal and went his way; the rest of the people went after Saul to meet the army, and they went out of Gilgal"

                          Israel Without Weapons

                          16 Saul and his son Jonathan and the men with them were staying in Gibeahg33 in Benjamin, while the Philistines camped at Micmash.

                          References for 1 Samuel 13:16

                            • g 13:16 - Two Hebrew manuscripts; most Hebrew manuscripts "Geba," a variant of "Gibeah"
                              17 Raiding34 parties went out from the Philistine camp in three detachments. One turned toward Ophrah35 in the vicinity of Shual,

                              References for 1 Samuel 13:17

                              18 another toward Beth Horon,36 and the third toward the borderland overlooking the Valley of Zeboim37 facing the desert.

                              References for 1 Samuel 13:18

                              19 Not a blacksmith38 could be found in the whole land of Israel, because the Philistines had said, "Otherwise the Hebrews will make swords or spears!39"

                              References for 1 Samuel 13:19

                              20 So all Israel went down to the Philistines to have their plowshares, mattocks, axes and sicklesh sharpened.

                              References for 1 Samuel 13:20

                                • h 13:20 - Septuagint; Hebrew "plowshares"
                                  21 The price was two thirds of a shekeli for sharpening plowshares and mattocks, and a third of a shekelj for sharpening forks and axes and for repointing goads.

                                  References for 1 Samuel 13:21

                                    • i 13:21 - Hebrew "pim"; that is, about 1/4 ounce (about 8 grams)
                                    • j 13:21 - That is, about 1/8 ounce (about 4 grams)
                                      22 So on the day of the battle not a soldier with Saul and Jonathan40 had a sword or spear41 in his hand; only Saul and his son Jonathan had them.

                                      References for 1 Samuel 13:22

                                      Jonathan Attacks the Philistines

                                      23 Now a detachment of Philistines had gone out to the pass42 at Micmash.43

                                      References for 1 Samuel 13:23