Now the men of Israel were in distress that day, because Saul had bound the people under an oath,1 saying, "Cursed be any man who eats food before evening comes, before I have avenged myself on my enemies!" So none of the troops tasted food.
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The entire army entered the woods, and there was honey on the ground.
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When they went into the woods, they saw the honey oozing out, yet no one put his hand to his mouth, because they feared the oath.
But Jonathan had not heard that his father had bound the people with the oath, so he reached out the end of the staff that was in his hand and dipped it into the honeycomb.2 He raised his hand to his mouth, and his eyes brightened.
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Then one of the soldiers told him, "Your father bound the army under a strict oath, saying, 'Cursed be any man who eats food today!' That is why the men are faint."
Jonathan said, "My father has made trouble3 for the country. See how my eyes brightened when I tasted a little of this honey.
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How much better it would have been if the men had eaten today some of the plunder they took from their enemies. Would not the slaughter of the Philistines have been even greater?"
That day, after the Israelites had struck down the Philistines from Micmash4 to Aijalon,5 they were exhausted.
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They pounced on the plunder6 and, taking sheep, cattle and calves, they butchered them on the ground and ate them, together with the blood.7
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Then someone said to Saul, "Look, the men are sinning against the LORD by eating meat that has blood8 in it." "You have broken faith," he said. "Roll a large stone over here at once."
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Then he said, "Go out among the men and tell them, 'Each of you bring me your cattle and sheep, and slaughter them here and eat them. Do not sin against the LORD by eating meat with blood still9 in it.' " So everyone brought his ox that night and slaughtered it there.
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Then Saul built an altar10 to the LORD; it was the first time he had done this.
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Saul said, "Let us go down after the Philistines by night and plunder them till dawn, and let us not leave one of them alive." "Do whatever seems best to you," they replied. But the priest said, "Let us inquire11 of God here."
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So Saul asked God, "Shall I go down after the Philistines? Will you give them into Israel's hand?" But God did not answer12 him that day.
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Saul therefore said, "Come here, all you who are leaders of the army, and let us find out what sin has been committed13 today.
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As surely as the LORD who rescues Israel lives,14 even if it lies with my son Jonathan,15 he must die."16 But not one of the men said a word.
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Saul then said to all the Israelites, "You stand over there; I and Jonathan my son will stand over here." "Do what seems best to you," the men replied.
Then Saul prayed to the LORD, the God of Israel, "Give17 me the right18 answer." And Jonathan and Saul were taken by lot, and the men were cleared.
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Saul said, "Cast the lot19 between me and Jonathan my son." And Jonathan was taken.
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Then Saul said to Jonathan, "Tell me what you have done."20 So Jonathan told him, "I merely tasted a little honey21 with the end of my staff. And now must I die?"
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Saul said, "May God deal with me, be it ever so severely,22 if you do not die, Jonathan.23"
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But the men said to Saul, "Should Jonathan die--he who has brought about this great deliverance in Israel? Never! As surely as the LORD lives, not a hair24 of his head will fall to the ground, for he did this today with God's help." So the men rescued25 Jonathan, and he was not put to death.
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Then Saul stopped pursuing the Philistines, and they withdrew to their own land.
After Saul had assumed rule over Israel, he fought against their enemies on every side: Moab,26 the Ammonites,27 Edom,28 the kings of Zobah,29 and the Philistines. Wherever he turned, he inflicted punishment on them.
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He fought valiantly and defeated the Amalekites,30 delivering Israel from the hands of those who had plundered them.
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Saul's sons were Jonathan, Ishvi and Malki-Shua.31 The name of his older daughter was Merab, and that of the younger was Michal.32
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His wife's name was Ahinoam daughter of Ahimaaz. The name of the commander of Saul's army was Abner33 son of Ner, and Ner was Saul's uncle.34
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Saul's father Kish35 and Abner's father Ner were sons of Abiel.
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All the days of Saul there was bitter war with the Philistines, and whenever Saul saw a mighty or brave man, he took36 him into his service.
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