2 Samuel 5 NIV

David Becomes King Over Israel

5:1-3pp -- 1Ch 11:1-3

1 All the tribes of Israel1 came to David at Hebron and said, "We are your own flesh and blood.2

References for 2 Samuel 5:1

2 In the past, while Saul was king over us, you were the one who led Israel on their military campaigns.3 And the LORD said4 to you, 'You will shepherd5 my people Israel, and you will become their ruler.6' "

References for 2 Samuel 5:2

3 When all the elders of Israel had come to King David at Hebron, the king made a compact7 with them at Hebron before the LORD, and they anointed8 David king over Israel.

References for 2 Samuel 5:3

4 David was thirty years old9 when he became king, and he reigned10 forty11 years.

References for 2 Samuel 5:4

5 In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months,12 and in Jerusalem he reigned over all Israel and Judah thirty-three years.

References for 2 Samuel 5:5

David Conquers Jerusalem

5:6-10pp -- 1Ch 11:4-9 5:11-16pp -- 1Ch 3:5-9; 14:1-7

6 The king and his men marched to Jerusalem13 to attack the Jebusites,14 who lived there. The Jebusites said to David, "You will not get in here; even the blind and the lame can ward you off." They thought, "David cannot get in here."

References for 2 Samuel 5:6

7 Nevertheless, David captured the fortress of Zion,15 the City of David.1617

References for 2 Samuel 5:7

8 On that day, David said, "Anyone who conquers the Jebusites will have to use the water shafta18 to reach those 'lame and blind'19 who are David's enemies.b " That is why they say, "The 'blind and lame' will not enter the palace."

References for 2 Samuel 5:8

    • a 5:8 - Or "use scaling hooks"
    • b 5:8 - Or "are hated by David"
      9 David then took up residence in the fortress and called it the City of David. He built up the area around it, from the supporting terracesc20 inward.

      References for 2 Samuel 5:9

        • c 5:9 - Or "the Millo"
          10 And he became more and more powerful,21 because the LORD God Almighty22 was with him.23

          References for 2 Samuel 5:10

          11 Now Hiram24 king of Tyre sent messengers to David, along with cedar logs and carpenters and stonemasons, and they built a palace for David.

          References for 2 Samuel 5:11

          12 And David knew that the LORD had established him as king over Israel and had exalted his kingdom25 for the sake of his people Israel.

          References for 2 Samuel 5:12

          13 After he left Hebron, David took more concubines and wives26 in Jerusalem, and more sons and daughters were born to him.

          References for 2 Samuel 5:13

          14 These are the names of the children born to him there:27 Shammua, Shobab, Nathan,28 Solomon,

          References for 2 Samuel 5:14

          15 Ibhar, Elishua, Nepheg, Japhia,
          16 Elishama, Eliada and Eliphelet.

          David Defeats the Philistines

          5:17-25pp -- 1Ch 14:8-17

          17 When the Philistines heard that David had been anointed king over Israel, they went up in full force to search for him, but David heard about it and went down to the stronghold.29

          References for 2 Samuel 5:17

          18 Now the Philistines had come and spread out in the Valley of Rephaim;30

          References for 2 Samuel 5:18

          19 so David inquired31 of the LORD, "Shall I go and attack the Philistines? Will you hand them over to me?" The LORD answered him, "Go, for I will surely hand the Philistines over to you."

          References for 2 Samuel 5:19

          20 So David went to Baal Perazim, and there he defeated them. He said, "As waters break out, the LORD has broken out against my enemies before me." So that place was called Baal Perazim.d32

          References for 2 Samuel 5:20

            • d 5:20 - "Baal Perazim" means "the lord who breaks out."
              21 The Philistines abandoned their idols there, and David and his men carried them off.33

              References for 2 Samuel 5:21

              22 Once more the Philistines came up and spread out in the Valley of Rephaim;
              23 so David inquired of the LORD, and he answered, "Do not go straight up, but circle around behind them and attack them in front of the balsam trees.
              24 As soon as you hear the sound34 of marching in the tops of the balsam trees, move quickly, because that will mean the LORD has gone out in front35 of you to strike the Philistine army."

              References for 2 Samuel 5:24

              25 So David did as the LORD commanded him, and he struck down the Philistines36 all the way from Gibeone37 to Gezer.38

              References for 2 Samuel 5:25

                • e 5:25 - Septuagint (see also 1 Chron. 14:16); Hebrew "Geba"