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Index of Subjects


Abelard's use of the term 'theology,'.. 1

his relation to Scholasticism, 23

his view of the atonement, 400

Abel's gifts, God testifies of, 479

Abiding in Christ, its nature and obligation, 44"

Ability, gracious, 315, 342

is it the ground of a sinner's responsibility? 315

list of authors, for and against, 345

Ability, natural, of New School theologians, 342

as designating the sinner's possession of the constituent faculties of human nature, objected to, 343

the phrase is misleading, 343

it does not consist in a power of contrary choice in single volitions, but

in a bias of affections and will, 343

it is not a matter of experience, 344

preaching of it is attended with evil

results, 344

Ability, to fulfil law not required to

constitute non-fulfilment sin, 289

not the measure of obligation, 313

Ability, Pelagian 842

Abiogeriesis denied by Huxley, 191

"Above reason " not " against reason," 16

Abraham, date of call of, 107

Absolute, expresses a positive idea, — 6 the, is it a negation of the thinkable? 6 explanation of term as applied to the

attributes, 120

related to finite dynamically or rationally, 128

Absolute and Infinite, complemental of our consciousness of relative and

finite 32

Absolute Being, intuition of, 29

Absolute Reason, intuition of, basis of

all logical thought, 33

necessary to all other knowledge, 83

Abydos, triad of, 170

Abyss, pit of the, final state of wicked

in, 587

AcceptUatio, according to Grotlus, 403

Accommodation, in Scriptural arguments, 109

Accretion, theory of, cannot account for internal characteristics of Christian documents, 81

Achan, his sin visited upon his children, 338

Acorns, crop of, Illustration from, 10

Acquittal of the ungodly who believe

in Christ, what? 474

of sinner, its ground 474

of transgressors, impossible in earthly

tribunals 474

of believer, a judicial proceeding, 475

Action, divine, not in dintaw*, 207

human, not simply expression of previously dominant affections 178

uniformity of, rests on character, 280

Actions, evil, in them God gives natural

powers, men evil direction, 207

Activity, human, largely automatic and

continuous, 283

Acts, outward, condemned by men as

symptomatic of disposition, 285

Acts 6:1-4, is it institution of Christian

ministry? 512

Actual sin more guilty than original

sin, 310

Adam, members of the race bad no personal existence in him, 249

his righteousness not immutable, 264

possessed power of contrary choice, 284

not created undecided, 264

in him love an inborn impulse which

he could affirm or deny, 264

his exercise of holy will, was it meritorious? 265

the recipient of special grace in his unfallen state, according to Homan

1st theologians, 265

the recipient of no supernatural gift not belonging originally to his nature, according to Scripture, 265

his physical perfection admitted of

progress, 267

bis unfallen nature, notions of Fathers and Scholastics regarding, 268

a philosopher, according to South,... 288 inexperienced,accordingto Scripture, 268 his Insight into nature analogous to that of susceptible childhood, 268

Adiun, his naming animals implied in-
sight into their nature, 268

lilt native insight capable of develop-
ment* of science and culture 268

hie enjoyment of divine presence and
teaching, 268

his surroundings and society, 268

his virtue, provision for trying. 269

his innocence only to be perfected
through temptation, 289

his temptation did not necessitate a
fall, 269

his temptation if resisted would have
strengthened virtue, 269

his opportunity of securing physical
immortality, 269

his body mortal, 289

his sin, its imputation to his posterity, 308

bis sin, how can this be Justly charged
to his posterity? 308

his descendants, according to Pela-
gius, not weaker but stronger than
he, 811

probation In, most accordant with our
ideas of Justice, 321

his natural headship, theory of, 328

his natural headship, explained in de-
tail, 329

the universal man, how, 329

his natural headship in harmony with
doctrine of heredity 329

his personality once contained the
whole of human nature 335

his sin, in what sense we repent of it, 335

his first sin, why men are responsible
only for, 338

the preaching of organic unity of race
with, does not neutralize appeal to
conscience, . 838

Augustinian theory of connection
with, does not exclude separate pro-
bation of Individuals, 838

our connection with, how it should be
preached, 338

Scriptural view of organic connection
with, enhances the impression of
man's absolute ruin 338

that his sin should affect the nature
of his descendants, not contrary to
divine justice, 339

our connection with, in the first sin,
not an act of divine sovereignty but
of justice, 33»

probation of common nature in, more
consistent with justice than, indi-
vidual probation, 339

fall in, perhaps needful to a common
salvation, 339

connection with, cannot be unjust,
since an analogous connection with
Christ secures salvation 339

inbeing in, not unjust if lnbeing in
Christ is just, 339

Adam and Christ, parallel between, one

of analogy, not of identity 340

men as connected with, compared to
leaves on a tree, each of which may
wither by itself, but all of which

wither by disease of root, 340

consequences of his sin to his poster-
ity 340

as a result of his transgression, all his
posterity born into the same state

Into which he fell, 340

his sin, its threefold consequence to

himself and bis posterity, 3411, 412

race fell in, not as a person foreign to

us 348

the " natural," "earthly," might, had
he continued in innocence, have at-
tained the "spiritual" and "heav-
enly " without dying, 354

was Christ in? 413

the last, its implication, 366

the second, a source of spiritual life,. 367
created by Holy Ghost, Dorner on, 370

Ad ttperturam Ubri, 17

Adaptation = the special order of or-
ganic nature, 43

Adoption 475

Adoration of the host, 545

Adulter}', storj' of woman taken in,
though not Johannine. yet aposto-
lic 841

Adventiste, Second 569

Advocacy of Christ and of the Holy

Spirit, 164

JZyuale temptratnentum of unfallen

state, 267

.Eschylus, his reference to substitu-
tion, 394

on death, 557

^Esthetics, conditioned by a capacity

and love for the beautiful, 3

"Affection, expulsive power of a new," 446
Affections, occasions but not causes of

volitions, 178

man's, according to Calvin, runaway

horses, 450

holy, proper spring of holy action,

authors on, 458

Affliction, Greek proverb on, 220

After-influence after death, and after-
activity, 424

Agamemnon blames, not himself, but

Jupiter, 292

Agussiz, Louis, on man the purpose of

animal creation, 195

on the number of human races, 241

his theory of different centres of crea-
tion, 242

a believer in brute immortality, 555

Agency, free, defined, 1T6

not Inconsistent with certainty 176

Agnosticism, is it the highest achieve-
ment of science? 3
Agricola, the Antinomian 487

Ahasuerus, sleeplessness of, 218

Ahura Mazda, 188

Aim of theology as a science, 1

A'Kempis, Thomas, 17

Albertus Magnus, on the first man, 268

Alexander,theuniflerof theGreek East, 360
Alexander, Archibald, on ground of

moral obligation, , 143

on dispositions as voluntary. 288

Alexander, J. W., on union with Christ, 438

his view of saving faith,... 468

Alexandrian philosophy, an Ineffectual

attempt to combine Judaism and

pantheism, 861

AJford, on " My Lord and my God," ... 148
on "angels of the seven churches,".. 226
his method of interpreting the book

of Revelation 570

Allegorical method of theology, 27

Alhrmig, Luther's opinion of 370

Allusions In New Testament to all the

books of Old Testament save six,.. 80
Alphonso of Castile and the Ptolemaic

system, 48

"Altar-forms," Bushnell on, 402

Alternative presented to New School

theorists, 322

Altruism, 142

Ambition, what? 293

Ambrose on giving credit to God, 14

America, Indian races of, from Eastern

Asia, 238

American theology, 26

Amnion, a rationalistic theologian, 24

Amos Lawrence, as an illustration, 419

Amount of testimony necessary to

prove a miracle 64

Amsdorf, the Antinomian, 487

on good works being hurtful to sal-
vation 487

Amyraldus of Saumur, 24

Anactiloulha of Paul, 101

Analogies of Christ's relation to race,

their weakness, 414

Analytic theology, 23

Analytical method of theology, 27

Ancestry of race, a common, in Central

Asia, supported by history 239

Ancestor, common, of man and apes,

yet to be found 237

Ancestors, immediate, imputation of

their sins, views on, 336

their sins not propagated 328

Anchitherium, the three-toed horse,... 237

Anderson on regeneration, #456

Andre, Major, 213

Andrews, E. Benj., on "church" as

prim of "churches," 496

Angelo, Michael, required to make an

ice-statue, 556

"Angel of the church " probably pas-
tor 226, 510

Angel of the Lord, passages relating to.

quoted and classified, 153

in Old Testament, the pro-incarnate

Logos, 153

in N. T. does not permit, in O. T. re-
quires, worship, 153

list of authorities on, 153

Angelology of Scripture not derived
from Babylonian or Persian sources, 224

"Angels' food," its meaning, 222

Angels, general statement respecting,. 221

good and evil, 221

scholastic subtleties regarding, 221

Dante on their creation and fall, 221

possibility of their existence inferable

from analogy, 221

doctrine of, modifies our conceptions

of the universe, 221

list of authors on general subject of, 221
Scriptural statements and intimations

regarding, 221

their nature and attributes, 221

are created beings, 221

are Incorporeal beings, 222

have no bodily organism, 222

without distinction of sex, 222

incapable of growth, age, or death... 222

are personal agents, 222

are possessed of superhuman yet fi-
nite power, 222

are distinct from and older than

man, 222

Fathers' opinion upon their creation. 222
not a personification of good and evil

principles, 222

Christ's testimony to their existence, 223
Paul's testimony to their existence, . 223

their number and organization, 223

are a great multitude, 223

are a company as distinguished from

a race 223

possess no common nature, 223

fell Individually, 223

are of various ranks and endowments, 223

have an organization, 224

their moral character, 225

were all created holy, 225

had a probation 225

some preserved their integrity, 225

some fell 225

the good are confirmed in good, 225

the evil are confirmed in evil, 225

revelation of God in Christ an object

of iuterest to, 225

Angels, good, employments of, 225

they worship God, 225

they rejoice in God's works, 225

they execute God's will In nature,— 226

they guide the affairs of nations, 226

they watch over interests of particu-
lar churches, 226

of the seven churches, meaning of the
designation, 228

Angels, they assist and protect individ-
ual believers, 226

guardian 228

they punish God's enemies 228

are ministers of Qod's special provi-
dence for moral ends, 228

appearances of, murk God's entrance
on new epochs of unfolding his

plans, 227

invisible, perhaps to prevent Idolatry, 237
their power exercised in accordance
with laws of spiritual and natural

world 227

may, perhaps, attract men to holiness, 227
their invisible presence not constant, 227
their appearances dependent on the

will of God, 227

objections to doctrine of 230

tree from laws of mutterund space,.. 231
alleged to be opposed to scientific
view of world as a system of defi-
nite forces and laws, 230

alleged to be to the doc-
trine of infinite space peopled with

worlds, 230

practical uses of the doctrine in gen-
eral, 232

given an enlarged idea of the divine

resources, 232

strengthens our faith in God's provi-
dence, 233

teaches us humility, 233

helps us in our struggles against sin,. 233
enlarges our conceptions of the dig-
nity of our being, 233

instances of appearances of, 233

Angels, evil, employments of, 227

they oppose God, 227

hinder man's welfare, 228

execute, in spite of themselves, God's

plans, 229

power of, over men, not Independent

of the human will, 230

power of, limited by permissive will

of God, 230

objections to doctrine of, 231

their full self-contradictory? 231

they probably had a period of proba-
tion, 223

no sulvution for, perhaps on account
of absence of common nature which

Christ could take 223

uses of the doctrine, 233

illustrates the nature of sin, 233

inspires a salutury feur 233

shuts us up to Christ, 233

teaches us salvation is wholly of grace, 233

Anger, a duty of man, 139

Animal characteristics in man, 224

Annihilation, of wicked, does not satis-
fy our moral sense, 557

does not permit of degrees of punish-
ment 557

Annihilation, at death, disproved by

terms which seemingly teach, em-
ployed in connections where they

cannot bear this meaning 559

disproved by words used to describe

the place of departed spirits 560

terms and phrases adduced to prove,
metaphorical and merely language

of appearance, 580

advocates of, 582

at death, inconsistent with degrees in

future punishment, 588

as the result of the gradual weaken-
ing and extinction of sinful powers,

doctrine of, 589

objections to this theory 589

Bu9hnell's view of, 589

Dorner's view of, 589

theory that it follows positive punish-
ment after death 589

Justin Martyr's theory of, 589

Edward White's theory of, 589

Annihilation of infants, Emmons on,.. 320

Annlhilationism, old, 588

authors who maintain the old view of, 588
Annihilationist view of the nvtvpa as
lost in the fall and restored in

Christ, 247

Anselm of Canterbury, 23, 407

his form of the anthropological ar-
gument, 48

examined, 49

objections to 49

leads only to an ideal conclusion, 49

his idea concerning lost angels, 223

a dichotoinist, 247

on human nature in Adam, 323

on the sin of Adam as a person and as

a man, 336

on Christ's growth in wisdom, 365

on Christ's state of humiliation, 382

his "Cur Deus Homo" characterized, 408

his theory of atonement, 407

advocates of, 408

objections to, 408

its origin in exaggerated notions of

regal dignity 409

It limits atonement to the elect, 409

on Justification, 471

"Answer [interrogation] of a good con-
science," phrase examined, 455

Answers decreed to prayer, 179

Ant, according to Lubbock, next to man

in Intelligence, 236

Anthropology, 234

in theology, what? 45

Anthropological method of theology,.. 27

Anthropological argument, 45

an application to man of the cosmo-
logical and teleological arguments, 45

its defects, 47

Its value, 47

Anthropological argument, most im-
portant among arguments for exist-
ence of God, 47

a development of our intuitive idea

of God 47

Anthropomorphic representations of

God, 124

Anthropomorphism, 83,120

"Anthropomorphism, inverse," 286

Anthropomorphism repressed by con-
nected declarations, 120

Anthropomorphites, 267

Antichrist, its meaning, 670

the personal, his power restrained

during millennium, 570

"Anticipative consequence," 363

"Anticipative consequences," 199

Antigone, her expiation, 419

Antinomianlsm, 487

Antiquity of race, relation of Bible to, 106
Anti-trinltariunism leads to pantheism, 168
Apocalypse, no exegete has yet found

key to, 574

Apocrypha, 60

excluded by Mellto, 74

teaches that aims make atonement for

sin, 481

Apocryphal New Testament, 60

Apollinaris, 862

Apolltnarian view of a trichotomy in

the person of Christ 247

Apollinarians, their views on the person

of Christ, 862

their mistake a fondness for the Pla-
tonic trichotomy,.. 363

the Logos with them an eternal, arch-
etypal man, 362

destroy the symmetry of Christ, 362

Apollinarianism denies that Christ be-
came man, 862

was a reaction against Arian theory
of two finite souls in one Christ,. . 362

Justin Martyr inclined to, 382

Apollos probable author of Hebrews,.. 75

Apologies of Justin Martyr, 73

Apostasy, man's state of, 273

Apostasy of outwardly reformed, in-
stances of, 493

apparent, of regenerate, cases of tem-
porary sin, 493

of saint, apostasy forever,.. 493

A pmtcrinrt argument cannot demon-
strate the existence of the Infinite, 36
A posteriori, Descartes' form of the

ontological argument, 48

Apostle, qualifications of an, 507

Apostles claim to speak by the prom-
ised Spirit and put their writings on
a level with Old Testament Scrip-
tures, 96

received from Jesus promises like
those made to Old Testament
prophets, 96

Apostles, reasons for believing that they

were baptized, 547

Apostolic Fathers witness to genuine-
ness of New Testament, 74

Apotckimaticum, genu*, 870

Appetites, how subdued in regeneration. 446
Appleton on Providence as founded on

divine benevolence, 211

Application of Redemption, 426

its three stages, 426

in its preparation, 426

in its actual beginning, 436

in its continuation, 483

Appropriation as an element of identi-
ty 580

Approximation of Calvlnistle and Ar-

mintan views of will, 177

A priori argument for divine exist-
ence, 48

A priori argument for God's existence
conducts to an abstract proposition,

not to a real being, 36

A priori judgments are not simply

"regulative," 6

A priori reasons for expecting a reve-
lation from God, 58, 59

Aprons of fig-leaves, man's, before

God's coats of skin, 481

Aptness and ableness distinguished by

Hooker, «8

Aquinas, Thomas, 23

on the essence of sin, 293

his explanation of imputation of sin

to third and fourth generation, 336

on Christ's preaching to the dead, ... 386
his query, was Christ slain by himself

or by another? 407

on union of believer with Christ, 409

Arbitrium, 288

Archangel, only one in Scripture 223

Argument tvl homtnem in Scripture, .. 109
Argument does not furnish us all we

know of God, 36

Argument for resurrection, Christ's

suppressed premise in, 109

Argument of Descartes distinguished

from that of Anselm, 48

Arguments for God's existence, merely
efforts of the mind to give a formal

account of a prior conviction, 39

purpose served by, 80

not a bridge, but guys to support the

suspension-bridge of Intuition, 50

Argyll, Duke of, on savagery and civi-
lization as both results of evolution, 270
Arianism, statement of, and list of au-
thorities on, 159

Arian theory opposed to Scripture,— 159

misinterprets Scripture, 361, 362

a reaction from Sabellianism, 362

Arlans, their view regarding the Logos, 361
mistook a temporary for an original
and permanent inequality, 381

Arians held a generation In time and

subordination of the Son 862

Aristotle quoted, 21

his relation to Scholasticism, 23

his view of morality, 88

on science of the unique impossible,. 118

on life, 121

on one God under many names 125

a crcatianist, 250

on sin, 301

his definition of friends 442

on man's dependence on God, 450

on death, 657

Ariusand bis views, 159,301, 362

Armada, Spanish 218

Arminian and Calvinistic views of will,

close approximation of 177

Arminianism, its conception of free-
dom, 177

theory of imputation, 314

Wesley's modifications of, - 314

objections to 815

extra-Scriptural 315

contradicts Scripture, 316

Dorner on 316, 442

order of salvation, 316

rests on false philosophical principles, 317
renders uncertain universality of sin, 317
renders uncertain man'sresponsibility

for depravity, 317

makes man a mere tangent to divine

circle, 442

Arminians and Calvinlsts pray and sing

alike, 181

Arminians, some, deny absolute divine

foreknowledge 134

Armtnius 25, 314

his view of Adamic unity of race, 314

expounders of his system, 314

Arnold, Matthew, on religion, 12

on the God of the Hebrew Scriptures, 122

Arnold, Dr. Thomas, of Hugby, 68

quoted on the mythical theory, 79

his teachings contrasted withMatthew

Arnold's, his son, 100

his opinion on the book of Revelation, 112

on a sense of moral evil, 287

on expecting to succeed, 490

Arnold, Albert N., on the steps of de-
parture from Scriptural precedent, 548

on errors of Pedobaptists, 549

on objections to strict communion,.. 652

Arnot, on death's new name, 854

Arrangement of theological facts not

optional, 2

Arrangement of topics in a theological

system 27

Art prophetic of the future, 576

Art, rude, often debasement of a higher, 271
Art, rudest, may coexist with the high-
est, 271

Aryan and Semitic languages, relations
between, list of authorities on 240

Ascension of Christ, 386

relation of humanity to Logos in, 386

Asceticism absurd, 290

Aseity, the divine, what? 123

does not belong only to Father, 166

Asia, cradle of European nations, 239

Aspirations imply a sphere for their

gratification 556

Assembly, Old School General, its ac-
tion in relation to observance of the

Lord's Supper, 548

Atwtiwia, an element in faith, 465

Association, natural tendency to, C. H.

M. on 499

Assumption in Paul's reasoning in Rom.
5 :12-19, explicated in Augustinian

theory of depravity, 331

Assurance of faith, 466

its ground, 468

doctrine of, to be guarded from mys-
ticism, 469

Assurance of salvation, founded on con-
sciousness of union with Christ, 447

our duty, 447

Assyrian accounts of creation, Sabbath

in, 201

"Asymptote of God," man the 291

Athanasiun creed, 159

AthanusiuB' comparison of Trinity 167

view of Christ's death as due to God, 408
Atmosphere, according to some, abode

of angelic spirits, 231

Atom, materialistic view of 54

Atomism i9 egotistic, 339

Atomistic view of human nature, 313

Atoms, as "manufactured articles,"... 184

Atonement as ab intra 141

a divine self-oblation, 141

according to "pattern on high," 141

Atonement, doctrine of, 890

Scriptural representations of, 390

described in Scripture by moral anal-
ogies, 390

a provision originating in God's love, 390-

an example of disinterested love, 391

described in Scripture by commercial

analogies, 391

a ransom, 391

described in Scripture by legal anal-
ogies, 391

an act of obedience to law, 391

a penalty borne, 391

an exhibition of God's righteousness. 33Z
described in Scripture by sacrificial

analogies, 392

a work of priestly mediation, 392

a sin-offering, 392

a propitiation, 392 *

a substitution, 393

not offering of a feast to Deity 393

not a symbol of renewed fellowship,. 394
not an offering of life and being of
worshiper 394
Atonement, theories of, 397

Example theory of 397

objeetions to, 398

Soclnian theory of 397

objections to, 398

founded on false philosophical prin-
ciples, 398

its origin and tendency, 398

contradictory to fundamental Scrip-
tural teachings,-. 398

furnishes no explanation of the suf-
ferings and death of Christ, 399

imperfect in influence, 399

Bushnellian or Moral-influencetheory

of, 400

embraces a valuable element of truth, 401

objections to, 401

primarily an offering to God, 401

necessary to satisfy God's justice, 401

priestly and judicial, 403

limits its influence, 402

Grotian, or Governmental theory of, 403

contains an element of truth, 403

objections to, 403

allied to Example and Moral-influence

theories, 403

leads to idea that nothing is good in

itself, 404

leads to doctrine of indulgences and

supererogation, 404

not a mere scenic representation, — 404
Irvingian theory or theory of grad-
ually extirpated depravity, 405

embraces an important truth, 406

objections to, 406

Anselmic, or Commercial theory of,.. 407
superseded the patristic or military

theory of, 408

theories of its relation to Satan, 408

objections to Anselmic theory of, 408

"criminal theory "of, 409

does not duly emphasize union of be-
liever with Christ, 409

limited by Anselm and Augustine to

the elect,. 409

Komanist in tendency, 409

Ethical theory of, 409

furnishes solution of two problems,.. 409
tells us what was the object of Christ's

death 409

tells us what it accomplished, 409

tells us what were the means used in

its accomplishment, 409

tells us how Christ could justly die,409

/an ethical principle In divine nature
demands It, 410

an ethical need of man's nature de-
mands it, 410

security of interests of divine gov-
ernment a subordinate result of,..- 410
provision for human needs a subor-
dinate result of 410

primarily a necessity to God, 411

Atonoment, divine self-substitution in, 411
how God can Justly demand satisfac-
tion In, 413

how Christ can justly make satisfac-
tion in, 413

as related to humanity in Christ, 412

truth in llushuell's theory of, 414

Campbell's theory of, the truth in 414

its retroactive influence on Christ's

humanity, 416

Ethical theory of, philosophically cor-
rect 416

combines all valuable elements in

other theories, 417

holds the necessity of atonement aris-
ing from immanent holiness of God, 417
most satisfactory explanation of how
demands of holiness are met by work

of Christ, 417

explainssacriflcialritesand language, 417
gives proper placo to death of Christ, 417
best explanation of sufferings of

Christ, 417

satisfies ethical demand of human nat-
ure, 417

highest exhibition of God's love, 418

objections to, 418

doctrine of, not immoral, 420

faith in. its Influence, 420

Christ's, not complete since it requires

faith; this objection answered, 420

only ground of acceptance with God, 421
main outlines of, given in Scripture,.. 421
our Ignorance of Its method, Uutler

and Stearns on, 421

Illustrated by amnesty 421

compared to bread, 421

saves though accepter knows not how, 421

Atonement, extent of, 421

unlimited, 421

in what sense for all, 421

application of, limited 421

passages which assert Christ's death is

for all 421

passages which assert a special effica-
cy in case of the elect, 421

secures for all men delay in execution

of sentence against sin, 423

secures continuance of the common

blessings of life, 423

has made objective provision for the

salvation of all 422

has procured for all men Incentives
to repentance and the agency of

church and Spirit, 423

compared to sun and rain, 422

work of, distinguished from applica-
tion of, 422

sufferings of Christ in, no more if all

were saved, 422

justice in, permits but does not re-
quire sinner's discharge, 422

limited, Owen on, 422
Atonement, limited, advocates of. 422

universal, advocates of, 422

Attribute, its synonyms, 115

Attributes, divine, see God

Attributes of mind being blither than
those of matter, the substance of
the one higher than that of the

other, 52

Attributes, definition of divine, 115

have an objective existence 118

how related to essence 116

inhere in divine essence, 118

belouff to divine essence as such, 117

manifest divine essence, 117

rational method of determining the,. 118
Biblical method of determining the,. 118

classification of the 118, 119

absolute or immanent, 119,120-130

involved In spirituality, 120

involved In Infinity 122

Involve/! In perfection, 125

relative or transitive, 119,130-140

having relation to time and space, ... 130

having relation to creation, 132

having relation to moral beings, 137

their rank and relation, 140

moral, relation to natural, 140

holiness, fundamental, 140

divine, to give up, Is to give up divine

substance, 380

Immanent involve the relative, 381

Auerbaeh, tendency of his writings, ... 484

Augustine, on rest in God, 46

on definition of Trinity 187

his analogue of Trinity, 167

a trnducian, 252

reasons why he wavered iu his tradu-

cianism, 253

on the sinfulness of a mere capacity

for good or evil 285

his teaching as to Adam's unfallen

state, 266

on Adam's Intellect, 268

the dying, and the 32nd Psalm 287

on will being the man himself, 288

on the essence of sin, 293

on virtues of the heathen, 294

on human nature, 311

on our relation to Adam, 328

his double view of Adam, 329

recognized free personal decision, 329

on Imputation of sins of immediate

ancestors, 838

on the seed sown without husks pro-
ducing husks 337

on Ezekiel 18, 337

view that the corrupt tree of man's
nature may produce the wild fruit

of morality, 338

on Christ's preaching to the dead, — 386

on why God does not teach all 1 431

on divine choice to faith, . 431

limits atonement to the elect, 499

Augustine, on post mortem punishment

for believers, 585

Augustinlan theory of original sin, 328

of depravity 328

Aurignae Cave, its evidence doubtful,. 272

Austin's definition of law, 273

his defective view of law of nature, . 274

on Hooker's description of law, 274

on Ulpian's explanation of law of na-
ture, 274

Australian languages resemble those of

Eastern and Southern Asia 240

Automatic activity, 283

"Automatic excellence or badness,"

Baymond on, 321

Avarice, what? 293

Avatars, Hindu 89

Christ's incarnation unlike, 379

Average moral life a failure, 279

Ayat of the Koran, what? 103

Baader, von, quoted 14

Baalim 152

Babylon, the mystical, significance of

its destruction, 571

Bacon, Lord, on the dangers of " a little

philosophy," 39

on prophecy, 68

on Adam's sin 128

on "the sparkle of the purity of man's

first estate," 261

rcgula cnim legem itidieat, non statuiU 275
on conquering nature by obedience,. 278
on dealings of God with spirits as not

included in nature, 281

on revenge, 353

BHhr's theory of atonement, 394

Baird, Samuel J., 28

on the fall, 303

on Edwards, , 819

on law as addressing nature, 320

on punishment implying desert, 321

on the Federal theory, 325

on imputation of sin of immediate

ancestors, 336

Baldwin, C. J., on "Adam, where art

thou?" 307

on potency of divine love in atone-
ment, 405

Balaam Inspired, yet unholy, 100

Bancroft, Bishop, the first to claim di-
vine right of Episcopacy, 500

Baptism, and Lord's Supper, monu-
ments of historical facts 77

in formula of, Christ's name associa-
ted with that of God on footing of

equality, 148

its influence according to the Church

of Bome, 267

of Jesus, its import, 415, 528

Christian, definition of 520

an ordinance of Christ, 520

instituted by Christ, 520

of universal and perpetual obligation, 521

Baptism, of John, not likely to have
been borrowed by Jew from Christ-
ian, - 521

of John, an adaptation of an old Jew-
ish rite, 621

of John, recognized by Christ as from
heaven, 521

of John, Christ's submission to, 521

of John, essentially Christian bap-
tism, 521

of John and baptism of apostles, only
difference between, 521

proselyte, authors who deny its ex-
istence amonii Jews before time of
John, 621

proselyte, authors who assert its ex-
istence among Jews before time of
John, 521

its practice continued by Christ,
through his disciples, 521

its analogy to Lord's Supper evidence
of its continuaneeto Christ'ssecond
coming, 522

no evidence of its limitation or re-
peal, 622

Baptism, its mode, immersion, 522

N. T. circumstances which attended
prove it immersion, 524

of Holy Spirit, its meaning, 524

figurative allusions to, prove it to
have been immersion, 524

doctrine and practice of, in Greek
church, 525

mode of, according to Westminister
Assembly, _ 525

by aspersion, occasionally practised
early in post-apostolic period 525

clinic, in time of Xovatian, 525

mode of, according to Prayer-book of
Edward VI, 525

mode of, according to Salisbury use,. 525

affusion in, according to English
church only for weak, 525

sprinkling in, never sanctioned by
English church, 525

of early Church, immersion, 525

list of authors on, 526

Its law fundamental and therefore un-
alterable save by the Lawgiver, 528

for church to modify its law implies
unwisdom in the lawgiver, 526

as immersion, the only adequate sym-
bol of Gospel truths, 526

any change in Its mode vacates ordi-
nance of its symbolic meaning, 626

its observance by immersion, objec-
tions replied to, 527

if Impracticable, no duty, 527

seldom dangerous, 527

if dangerous, no duty, 527

by immersion, not indecent, 527

as a symbol of death, may be exj>ected
to involve some inconvenience, — 527

Baptism, unscriptural methods of its
administration, divine blessing on,

not divine sanction, 627

Baptism, its symbolism, 527

a symbol of the death and resurrec-
tion of Christ, 527

a symbol of the purpose of Christ's

death and resurrection, 527

a symbol of the believer's death to sin
and resurrection to spiritual life, .. 527

a symbol of union with Christ, 528

a symbol of the union of all believers

in Christ, 528

a symbol of the death and resurrec-
tion of the body, 528

its central truth the death and resur-
rection of Christ, 628

Christ's, at the hands of John, its sym-
bolism, 528

a symbol of sufferings and death, be-
cause a complete submersion, 528

of rej>entance, Christ's submission to,

how explained, 415, 416, 528

Christ's, In what sense a fulfilment of

righteousnesss, 529

Christ's, preflgurative of what? 529

Christian, to what it refers back, 529

what is implied in its symbolism, 529

its meaning has become obscured by

a false mode of administration, 529

President Woolsey's views on, 529

symbolizes the method of Christian

purification, 529

and Lord's Supper, their related sym-
bolic reference to the Christian's

union with Christ, 629

nothing but immersion will satisfy

design of the ordinance, 530

destroyed, if its symbolic reference

be excluded, 530

a witness to the facts and doctrines

of Christianity, 530

a historical monument, 530

a pictorial expression of doctrine, 530

to change its form, a blow at Christi-
anity and Christ, 530

Ebrard's view of, 530

Oishausen's view of, 530

j Baptism, subjects of 530

j command and example of Christ and
his apostles as to subjects of bap-
tism, 580

its subjects determined from nature

of church, 531

its subjects determined from its sym-
bolism, 631

Dean Stanley on, 531

inferences from the fact that only re-
generate persons are its subjects, 531
if regenerate persons its subjects, can-
not be a means of regeneration, 531

the sign, but not the condition, of
forgiveness of sins, 631

Baptism, subjects of, how passages
which seem to tench baptismal re-
generation are to be explained,..... 531

relation of symbol and thing symbol-
ized in. Kendriek on, 632

view of Campbellites, 532

for remission of sins, list of authors
on, 532

High Church view of, authors on, ... 632

John the Baptist's view of, from Jo-
gephus, 532

primarily the act of the person bap-
tized, 532

no luck of qualification in adminis-
trator invalidates, 532

credible evidence of regeneration to
be required of candidate by church, 533

"the door into the church," the
phrase criticized, 533

first in point of time of all outward
duties, 533

should follow regeneration with the
least possible delay,.j 533

a candidate for, should not be en-
couraged to wait for others' com-
pany, 583

not to be repeated, 533

in what it differs from Lord's Sup-
per, 534

administered by a Campbellite, when
valid 534

its accessories matters of individual
judgment, 634

its formula, 534

arguments to show that its law is not
that of circumcision 537

water in, believed in third and fourth
centuries to be changed into blood
of Christ, 644

administered by heretics, Council of
Trent on, 546

of less importance than love, this

statement replied to, 552

Baptism, infant, 534

without warrant, 534

no express command for, 534

no clear example of, 535

passages supposed to imply it really
contain no reference to it, 535

contradicted by prerequisites of or-
dinance, 585

contradicted by Scriptural symbolism
of ordinance 535

contradicted by Scriptural constitu-
tion of church, 535

contradicted by prerequisites for par-
ticipation in Lord's Supper, 535

in Greek church tins led to infant
communion 535

to what its rise is due, 536

Xeander's view as to its origin, 688

"Teaching of Apostles" knows
nothing of, 536

Baptism. Infant, reasoning by which
supported unsound and dangerous, 530
supported by reasoning which as-
sumes power of church to abro-
gate or modify Christ's commands,. 536
supported by a vicious reasoning

from the Abrahamlc covenant, ... 536
supported by a vicious assumption
of an organic union between child

and parent, 536

lack of agreement among its sup-
porters, an argument against, 537

Its decline,... 537

Its evil effects, 537

forestalls the voluntary act of the

child baptized, 537

injurious as inducing confidence in

an outward rite, 538

infant, injurious as obscuring import-
ant Christian truths, 588

in England followed as a matter of

course by confirmation 538

its Influence in Germany, 538

as an obstacle to evangelical preach-
ing, 538

destroys spirituality of the church, 538
Injurious as putting in place of
Christ's command a command-
ment of men, 538

Baptismal Regeneration, 454, 531

Alexander Campbell, his views of,... 532

High Church views of.. 532

Robertson, F. W., his views of, 582

Baptist and Romanist positions, no halt-
ing place between, 538

Baptist apostolical succession unneces-
sary, 532

Baptist denomination, its progress in
England and America contrasted,.. 552

Baptist theology, 25

Baptisteries, natural and artificial, 534

Baptists, English, 661

the views of a portion on communion, 548

Baptists, Free Will 551

their views on communion, 548

admit the unbaptlzed to communion

but not to membership 552

convention of, thelraction as to mem-
bership of Pedobaptists, 552

Baptists, High Church, their anxieties

and efforts, 532

Baptists, their unity maintained with-
out episcopal or presbyterial organ-
ization, 60»

Baptize, the command to, a command

to immerse, 622

used with it>, 524

used with €« 524

never used in passive voice with M wa-
ter," 524

Baptized members of Pedobaptist
churches, why excluded from com-
munion? 552

Barn in Gen. 1: 27, id, may mean medi-
ate creation, or creation by law, 192

Barbarism, recovered from only

through outward influences, 270

probably a broken-down civilization, 271

Bardesanes of Edessa, 189

Baring-Gould, theory of atonement,.. 383
Barnabas, in what sense an apostle, — 807
Bartlett, exposition of 1 Pet. 3:18-20, .. 886
on figurative force of certain Scrip-
ture terms relating to future state

of the wicked. 560

Basilides, quotes from John's Gospel,.. 75

a representative of dualism, 187

his view of the person of Christ, 361

his followers become Docetie, 361

Bastinn held spontaneous generation,.. 191

Baur's theory of origin of Gospels, 77

his statement of his theory 78

his dates of the gospels, -. 78

his theory examined, 78

his method would render history im-
possible, 78

he exaggerates apparent differences

in gospels, 78

his theory morally anomalous, 78

his theory fails to account for early

acceptance of gospels, 79

his admissions fatal to his theory, — 79

Baxter, Richard - 25

on man growing as a tree, 485

Beal on Buddhism and Nirvana, 87

Beast, blasphemy of, 571

Beautitudes respect dispositions, 285

"Became God " to make Christ suffer,

why? 411

Bee, working, its origin from queen-
bee and drone inexplicable, 286

an example of unconscious finality,.. 44
Beeeher, Edward, on pree'xistence of

human soul, 248

his view of baptism as purification,.. 529
Beeeher, H.W., on miracles as midwives

of great moral truths, 65

bis definition of holiness, 128

his inaccurate view of Chrlsfs hu-
manity, 370

on " flesh " in John 1:14, 371

on punishment ceasing so soon as it

ceases to do good, 594

Beeeher, Lyman, his views of regene-
ration, 452

how he met perfectionism, 490

Begun existence must have a cause,... 40
Beings, the highest, need most tending, 485

Bel and the Dragon, 60

Believe, how to, no man can teach an-
other, 483

Believers, in them the " old man " grad-
ually dies 484

their souls at death enter into pres-
ence of Christ, 563

spirits of departed, are with God, 563

Believers, at death enter Paradise, 563

state after death preferable to present, 563

departed, alive and conscious, 563

their souls after death at rest and

blessed, 564

Bellamy, Joseph, 26

how related to New School theology, 318

his exorcise of pastoral authority, 511

Bellarmine, 25

on the difference between "imago"

wA" rtmllttwlo," 266

his idea of original righteousness, 266

Benediction founded on intercession,.. 423
Benedictions, apostolic, in them name
of Christ associated with that of

Father on footing of equality. 148

why " God " instead of " Father " in,. 148
Benevolence and love distinguished, .. 293

Bengel, his faith In the Bible, 105

on withholding wine from laity in

Lord's Supper, 540

his "continuous" interpretation of

Revelation, 570

Bentham on nature of virtue, 142

Berber language, Semitic in vocabulary

and Aryan in grammar, 240

Berkleyanism.Edwardsinclined to26,200,318
Berkeley, on the universe, God's con-
versation with His creatures, 217

Berkeley's idealism, 53, 55

Bernard on impossibility of burning out

"image of God " even in hell, 262

Bersier on " our neighbor," 380

Beryl of Arabia, his view of Trinity,..- 158

Bewumtsein = a " be-knowing," 35

Beza, Theodore, 24

his supralapsarlanism, 426

Bible, set aside by Roman Church, 18

the work of one mind 84

the mind that made it made the soul, 85
its silence on many questions about

which human writings deal, 85

its infinite depth of meaning points

to a divine origin, 86

"the word made flesh," 103

humanity of, a proof of its divinity,.. 103
errors in secular teachings do not ex-
ist In it, 105

its aim, 105

difficulties in, analogy between them
and the disorder and mystery in na-
ture, 105

insoluble difficulties in connection

therewith to be expected 105

difficulties in, many removed or less-
ened by time, 105

difficult to separate between its his-
toric and scientific, and its religious,

credibility, 105

explanation of seeming scientific er-
rors in, 105

permanent difficulties in, have a moral
intention, 105

Bibl \ apparent historical errors In,
often due to errors Id transcrip-
tion, 107

Its various readings, their number,

value, and probable origin, 107

or due to use of round numbers, — 107
or due to meagreness of narrative, .. 107
they are dissipated by increasing his-
torical and architolngfcol research, 108

alleged errors in morality, 108

sources of such allegations, 108, 109

alleged errors of reasoning in 100

alleged errors in quoting or interpret-
ing the O. T 110

alleged errors In prophecy, Ill

certain books of, said to be unworthy

of place in, Ill

ground of this statement, Ill, 112

portions of its books alleged to be
written by others than the persons

to whom ascribed, 112

introduction of a document Into its
historical books does not vouch for
statements contained in documents, 113
introduction into it of sceptical or

fictitious narratives, 113

defence of such Introductions, 113

contains illustrations, from human
experience, of struggles and needs

of the soul, 118

contains dramatic statements in which
are words of Satan and wicked men, 113

its variety a stimulus to inquiry, 113

contains disclaimers of inspiration,.. 113
misinterpretations on which this as-
sertion rests, 113

not primarily a book of poetry, 157

does it recognize other revelations

among the heathen? 359

speaks little of things not of immedi-
ate practical advantage, 387

Bible Commentary on the symbolism

of the tree of life, 802

Biedermann, 25

Binary stars, certain prophetic state-
ments compared to, 572

Birds, their creation on fifth day, 195

their ancestry, 195

they are sea-productions, 195

Birks. on creation from eternity,- 190

on the design of provision of human

body, 248

on the tree of knowledge of good

and evil, 805

on irnputatk) mUapliwica, 325

on original sin not doing awny with
significance of our personal trans-
gression, 348

Birth, no knowledge possessed at, 30

into kingdom, according to God's

will, 429

Christ in his, how related to maternal
body, 381

Bishop, ordaining, Episcopal qualifica-
tions of 508-

'Bishop,'' presbyter,' and 'pastor' des-
ignate same office and order 509

testimony of Jerome, 509

Dexter's argument on SO*

'Bishop,' the word indicates duties of

the pastor, SOB1

Black, on what constitutes a sufficient

antiquity, 508

Blake, William, his saying to Crabbe

Robinson, 382

Blanco White, Mozley on, 294, 591

Bledsoe's denial of created virtue or

vice, 265

Blessedness, what? 127

and glory contrasted, 127

Blind man, one or two, 108-

Blunt on emanation, 189

Boardman's comparison of Trinity,— 187
Bodies, new, of saints, confined to

place 58ft

Body, called by Scholastics "image of

God riyniflcativt," 267

first, if annihilated and a second cre-
ated, these bodies though informed

by same spirit not the same 578

the particles of one human, may Ikv
eome incorporated with the bodies

of mnny others, 578

human, why given? 248

immortality of, described by Egyp-
tians, 561

not essential to activity and conscious-
ness 564

of man, honorable, 247

same, though changed annually, 579

a "flowing organism," 579

a normal part of man's being, at once

Scriptural and philosophical, 589

Christ's glorified, Ebrard's specula-
tions on 580

spiritual, as evolved by will, 580

Boehme, Jacob, on the infinity of God, 123
on intestinal canal a result of the fall, 268
Boethius. definition of personality, 122, 377

"Bond-servant of sin," what? 258

Book may be called by name of chief

author, 112

Book of Mormon, 69

of Enoch, its date, 89

of Judges, its silence on Mosaic ritual

explained 81

Books of O. T. quoted by Jesus 96

of N. T. acknowledged in second cen-
tury, 72

Books written by "laws of spelling and

grammar?" 43

Borgia, Civsar, 292

Bossuet, 25

bis description of heathendom, 292

Boston, Thomas, 26

Bourdaloue, anecdote of, 484

Bowne on "geographers or the divine

nature," 8

on "ethical trust in the infinite," 34

on "the experience-philosophy," 85

on reason as never asking a cause for

mere being, 40

on the possibility of an odor and a
flavor constituting the yellow color

of an orange, 54

on personality, 68

his phenomenalism = objective ideal-
ism, •SS

his theory differs from Berkeley's, 68

his conception of space, 65

on finite things as modes of infinite,. 132

on heredity, 251

on freedom, 259

on the ground of an event, 437

Brace on the effect of Christianity on

society, 93

Brahma, that of which all things are a

manifestation, 87

Brahmanism, pantheistic, 55

its date, 87

its nature, 87

Bread in Lord's Supper expressive of

unity, 542

Bread of life, transforms me, not I it,. 542

Breckinridge, B. J., 26

Brethren, Plymouth, their doctrines,.. 499

Bretschneider, 24

on "image of God," 267

Bride-catching not primeval, 270

"Brimstone and fire," Shedd on, 698

Brougham's examination of Clarke's

argument, 48

Brown, Dr. J., on mystery of permission

of moral evil, 181

Browning, Bobert, on right, 129

on " God the perfect poet," 197

a trlchotomist, 247

on nil that "mark God's verdict in

determinable words," 280

his expression "healing in God's shad-
ow," in what sense true, 354

Bruce on "redemption by sample," 406

Bruch and Austin on rewards, 189

Brute, the, has no personality, 121

is not self-conscious, 235

cannot objectify self, 235

has no concepts, 235

has no language, 235

forms no judgments, . 236

has no reasoning, 235

association of ideas typical process of

brute mind, 235

has no general ideas or intuitions, 235

has no conscience, 235

has no religious nature, 235

has no self-determination, 235

lives wholly in present, 235

wholly submerged in nature, 235

cannot choose between motives, 235

Brute, the, obeys motives, 235

Brutes, from immateriality of their

minds, their immortality argued,... 666
Brycnnios' date for "Teaching of the

Twelve Apostles," 536

Buckle's theory of history, 218

Buddeus, 24

his definition of holiness criticised,

128, 129

Buddha, his date, 87

meaning of the name, 87

a reformer, 87

compared with Christ 87

Buddhism, its nature, 87

triad of, 170

essentially pessimistic, 200

Buddhist proverb on law,. _ 281

Btlchner, a materialist, 52

"Buncombe," 10

Bunker Hill, no battle there at all 107

Bunsen on Asiatic origin of North

American Indians, 239

Bunyan, John, 25

on words but " holding the truth,".. 160
his story of Christian's release from

his burden, 405

his church, its history 548

Burgesse on Imputation of sin of imme-
diate ancestors, 336

on the transmlssiblllty of original sin
and non-transmissiblllty of personal

excellence, 337

Burial of food and weapons with the
dead proves faith in spiritual being

and future state, 272

Burke, Edmund, on human laws as only

declaratory, 275

Burke on the number of human races,. 241

Burnet, Gilbert, 26

Burnt-offering, its character, 896

Burton, Prof. E. D., on the Vedas and

creation, 185

Burton N. 8., on law and divine inter-
vention, referred to, 282

on union with ChriBt, symbolized in

baptism, 528

Bushnell on nature and the supernat-
ural, 14

on character of Christ, 90

on rlghteousucss and benevolence,... 116

his definition of holiness, 12»

verges toward Sabellianism, 158

on the Logos, 162

on sacrifice, replied to, 397

on atonement, 400

his modification of his views, 400

on Mat. 8 :17,. 402

his change of front in later writings, 402
his view of character of child in char-
acter of parent as seed in capsule,.. 536

on "sensibleexperiences," 537

his enumeration of grounds on which
infant baptism is supported, 537

Bushncll denies hereditary guilt yet

mufntains hereditary holiness, 687

suggests a form of annlbilationism,.. 589

on "one trial better than many," 591

Butler, Bishop, 18

quoted, on reason, 16

his doctrine of conscience helpful to

theology, 18

on probable evidence, 89

discoverer of supremacy of con-
science, 46

on possibility of a priori conjectures
as to how a divine revelation may

be given,,. 80

on the mystery of Christ's satisfac-
tion, 421

believed in brute immortality, 555

Buttmann on ivri, 891

Byron on "'Tis something better not to

be." 200

on the impossibility of exorcizing
from "the unbounded spirit the

quick sense of its own sins," 587

Byzantine and Italian painters, their

dominant ideas in portraying Christ, 366
Cabanls' remark that brain secretes

thought as liver bile, 52

Ctesar, the unifier of the Latin West, 880
his words on crossing the Rubicon, .. 586
"Caged-eagle theory" of man's exist-
ence, 290

Calaphas inspired, yet unholy 100

Cain, his marriage, 239

his fear, 289

Calderwood, his illustration of the office

of reason by the "blazed" path 16

his view of Clarke's and Gillespie's ar-
gument, 48

on ground of moral obligation, 143

his Inaccurate definition of con-
science, 255

on facts only pointing to termination

of physical existence, 358

Callxtus, and his analytic method in

systematic theology, 23, 24, 27

Calling logically subsequent to Redemp-
tion,: 428

its nature, 434

effectual, A. A. Hodge on, 437

Call, made to Individuals, 429

the general or external, 434

its sincerity, 435

the special, or efficacious, 435, 436

Call to ministry, candidate should be

assured of, 513

of candidate for ordination, church

should be assured of, 513

Calovius, 24

his definition of God, 29

Calvinism, great religious movements

have originated in, 181

advocacy of civil liberty connected
with, 181

Calvinistlc and Arminian views of the

will, approximation of, 177

Calvin, John, 23, 24

on Satan as a theologian, 20

on the " indelible sense of divinity,". 30

on preservation, 207

on impiety of not being satisfied with
being made after similitude of God, 261

on the essence of sin, 293

on imputation of the first sin, 323

an Augustinlan and realist, 329

On men guilty through their own

fault, 346

on regeneration coming through par-
ticipation In Christ, 488

on union with Christ, 447

on 1 Tim. 5:17, 509

on withholding wine in Lord's Supper

from laity, 540

how he differed from Luther on .

Lord's Supper, 548

how he differed from Zwinglc, 546

his motto, 569

on seeds of hell in the hearts of the

wicked, 587

on the justice of punishing everlast-
ing sin everlastingly, 598

Cambridge Platform, Inadequate, 516

Campbell, his distinction between origin

of moral and physical laws, 275

on two regions of divine self-mani-
festation, 282

on atonement, 400

his view of atonement examined, 402

his theory of atonement, the truth in, 414
Canaan, his children visited on account

of his sins, 838

Cannibalism not primeval according to

Lubbock, 270

Canon, what? 72

doctrine of, 72

of Marcion, 73

Canus, Melchior, 25

Capacity for good or evil, a simple, a sin, 265
Careless, the, are to be awakened by

presentation of claims of God's law, 483
Carlstadt's opinion as to administration

of Lord's Supper, 541

Carlyle on "an absentee God," 204

variations In his teaching, 291

Froude's opinion of, 291

disgusted with his heroes before biog-
raphies finished, 297

on Coleridge, 486

Carman, A. S., on divine knowledge
caused from eternity by something

In time 174

on Edwards' view of continuous cre-
ation, 20S

"Carnal mind," its meaning, — 290

Caro's sarcasm, 56

Carthage, third Council of, recognizes
Hebrews, 75
Carthage, Synod of, condemns Pelagius, 310
Casket (symbol) must be heeded, If gem
(truth symbolized) would not be lost, 530

Caste, what? 87

Christianity, the foe of, 601 |

Casualism, 212

Casuistry, often unseriptural In Its dis-
tinctions, 347

Catacombs, the, 02

character of the excavations, 93

Encyclopedia Britannica on 92

many paintings in them of late date,. 92
Northcote's estimate of their extent, 92
DeMarchi's estimate of their extent.. 92
Hawlinson's estimate of their extent, 92
bottles of eucharlstic wine found in,. 92
Catechism, Roman, its teaching on the
gift added to original righteousness.
oriQinalis jmtitirv dimum adrftilit, ... 266
Catechism, Westminister Assembly's,

on decrees, 176

on infant baptism, 538

Catullus on deuth, 557

Causality, its law denned, 40

its principle does not require neces-
sarily a first cause, 41

Cawta mi, 41

Causation, free, involvesacting without

means, 62

in man's will, leads him to see more
than mere antecedence and conse-
quence in external phenomena, 273

Cause and effect, their simultaneity,
how reconciled with idea of time,.. 437

their simultaneity, Hazard on, 437

Cause, equivalent to " requisite," 23

an infinite, cannot be Inferred from a

finite universe, 41

efficient, gives place to final, 63

various definitions of, 450

determines the indeterminate, xxix, 450

Causes, Aristotle's four, 23

formal, 23

material, 23

efficient 23

final, 23

Causes, an infinite series of, does not re-
quire a beginning or a cause of it-
self, 41

Celsus on the impossibility of one sys-
tem of religion for different peo-
ples, 93

Ceremonial rites, imply ceremonial

qualifications, 551

Certainty not necessity, 178

Chalcedon symbol on Mary as " mother

of God," 362, 370

its date 362, 363

its formula with a single exception

negative, 363

it condemned Eutychianlsm 362

promulgated orthodox doctrine, 363

Chaldean monarchy, its date, 107

Chalmers, Thomas, 26

his anthropological method in theolo-
gy, 27

on ground of moral obligation, 143

on 2 Peter, 3, 586

Chamler, 24

Chauce, in what sense terra allowable,. 212
in what sense not inconsistent with

providence, 212

as a name for human ignorance, 212

as absence of causal connection, 212

as undestgning cause, 212

Janet on, 212

Chances, not of equal importance 212

Change, orderly, requires intelligent

cause, 42

Channing, on Christ as more than hu-
man, 868

Character, wholesomely affected by

systematic truth, 9

changed, rather than expressed, by

some actions, 177

what it is, 257, 312

how a man can change his, 258

Harris on 260

what a man will grant as to his own,. 297
extent of responsibility for, accord-
ing to Raymond, 317

sinning makes for itself a, 591

sinful, renders certain continuance in

sinful action 591

dependent on habit 596

Charles the Fifth, Illustration of humili-
ation of Christ from his abdication, 383

Charnock on the divine essence, 116

on will, 178

Chastisement distinguished from pun-
ishment, 351, 418

Chemnitz, 24

on human nature in Christ, 377

Cherubim, their significance 224

never found with angels, 224

at the gates of Eden, 806

Child, and two oranges, 18

man, though a, not necessarily a bar-
barian, 271

unborn, has promise and potency of

spiritual manhood, 357

Children, individuality of, how best ex-
plained, 251

of Gehazi and others, visited with sins

of their fathers, 888

Chiliasts in every age since Christ as-
cended, 569

Chillingworth's maxim inaccurate, 12

Chillon, Prisoner of, used as an illustra-
tion, 583

Chinese religion, a survival of the pat-

riarchlcal family worship, 86

their history, its commencement,... 107
perhaps left primitive abodes while

language still monosyllabic, 240

proverb quoted, 297
Chltty, anecdote of 20

Choice, not creation, the office of will,. 259

what? according to New School 283

evil, uniformity of. Implies tendency

or determination, 821

of individuals to salvation. Scriptural

statements of, 428

God's, a matter of grace In eternity

past. Scriptural proofs of, 429

God has reasons for his, 432

Christ, the organ of external revelation, 8
his person and character historical

realities, 89

conception of, no sources open to
evangelists whence they might de-
rive it, 89

conception of, beyond human genius, 89

character of, Bushnell on, 90

descriptions of. their general accept-
ance a proof of actual existence, 90
if his person and character real, Chris-
tianity a revelation from God, 90

Mill on his life and sayings, 90

his testimony to himself, 91

expressly claims equality with God,.. 91

not an intentional deceiver, 91

not self-deceived 91

revealerof God's feelings, 128

the whole, present in each believer,.. 133
his divinity, some passages once re-
lied on as proving, now given up,.. 140
Old Testament descriptions are ap-
plied to him, 146

possesses attributes of God, 147, 367

undelegated works of God are attribu-
ted to, 147

receives honor and worship due only

to God, 148

his name associated with that of God

on footing of equality, 148

equality with God, expressly claimed

for him 149

»l noii Dcus, non tinnim 149

proofs of his divinity in certain

phrases applied to him, 149

his divinity corroborated by Christian

experience, 149, 368

his divinity exhibited In hymns and

prayers of church, 150

his divinity, passages which seem in-
consistent with, how to be regarded, 150

the perfect " image of God," 162

the centrifugal action of Deity, 183

and Spirit, characteristic differences

of their work 164

his Sonship eternal, 164

his Sonship unique, 184

if not God, cannot reveal God, 169

the orders of creation to be united in, 2il

his human soul, Dorner on, 251

his character convicts of sin 277

he is both the ideal and the way to the
ideal, 279

Christ, not law, the "perfect image"
of God, 282

his holiness. In what it consisted, 294

in Gethesemane felt for race, 339

believers not In, as to substance of
their souls, when atonement made,. 840

the life of, which makes us Christians,
the same which died and rose from
the grave 340

buinnn nature in, may have guilt

without depravity, 346

Christ, the person of. doctrine of, .. 360-3N)

historical survey of views respecting, 860

according to Ebinnites, as distinct
from Jesus, a preexisting hyposta-
sis, 361

a "moral person" according to Nesto-
rius, 362

his two natures 364

the reality of his humanity, 864

expressly called "a man," 364

his royal descent proved in genealogy
of Matthew, 864

the son of Abraham In Matthew's
genealogy, 364

a natural descendant of David, proved
in Luke's genealogy 364

the son of Adam in Luke's genealogy, 364

possessed essential elements of human
nature, 364

had the instincts and powers of a
normal and developed humanity, .. 394

subject to laws of human develop-
ment, 364

In twelfth year appears to enter on
consciousness of his divine Sonship, 364

suffered and died, 364

his death, according to Stroud, from a
broken heart, 364

only "seemed " to develop his human-
ity, danger of such an explanation
of the phenomena, 365

said by Justin Martyr to have been an
apprentice to carpentry 865

lived a life of faith and prayer under
the self-chosen limitations of his hu-
miliation 365

dependent as we are on Scripture,
much of which was written for him, 395

"the prince and perfecter of our faith,"
as actually exercising it, 365

the Integrity of his humanity 305

his humanity not merely complete but
perfect, 365

was supernaturally conceived, 365

his birth "a creative act of God break-
ing through the chain of human
generation," 365

his birth, light thrown on it by science
which recognizes many methods of
propagation even in same species,.. 395

free, both from hereditary depravity
and from actual sin, 865

Christ, his freedom from an evil in-
clination on which temptation could
lay hold 385

his immaculate conception, 365

had he been only human nature, would
not have been sinless, 365

his divine life appropriates the human, 365

his incarnation corresponded to be-
liever's regeneration, 365

his assumption of human nature of
such a kind that, without sin, it bore
the consequences of sin 365

if pure from sin and tendency to sin,
how open to temptation? 365

tempted as Adam was, 365

not omniscient in temptation, 365

had keenest susceptibility to innocent
desire 365

and to fear, 366

in and after his scenes of temptation
never prays for forgiveness, 366

possessed ideal human nature, 366

had no perfection of physical form,.. 366

took our average humanity, — 366

sometimes appearing prematurely
aged 366

sometimes revealing an attractive and
awful grace 366

perhaps illustrating at different times
the ideas of the Byzantine and of the
Italian painters, 366

the spirituality of his human nature
perfect, 366

united in himself the excellencies of
every temperament, nationality,and
character, 366

passively innocent yet positively holy, 366

so loveable that "love can never love
too much," 360

his nature the basis of ethics and the-
ology, 366

his nature not a natural but a miracu-
lous product, 368

his human nature impersonal prior to
its union with the divine nature,... 366

finds its personality in union with the
divine nature, 366

had no consciousness or will apart
from personality of the Logos, 366

was not taken into union by the divine
nature as an already developed per-
son, 367

not two persons in, a human person
and a divine, 367

his human nature capable of self-com-
munication, 367

makes him spiritual head of a new
race, 367

makes him a vine-man, 367

this new race propagated after analo-
gy of old, 367

this new relationship to be preferred
to old natural ancestry, 367

Christ, his deity in relation to his earth-
ly ministry, 367

instances in which he possessed a con-
sciousness of deity, 387

instances in which he exercised divine
attributes and prerogatives, 387

there were in him a knowledge and a
power which belong only to God,.. 868

the exhibitions of deity in his human
life have elicited testimonies that he

was more than man 888

his deity recognized by Christian ex-
perience 368

has elevated the conception of obild-
hood and womanhood and of human
life in general 368

his humanity, neglect of the fact of,
has led to the acceptance of such
substitutes as mariolatry, saint-in-
vocation, and the "real-presence" 368
Christ, union of two natures in one
person, 368

possesses a perfect divine and a
perfect human nature 368

the two natures in, united by a bond
unique and inscrutable 388

though possessed of two natures, is a
single undivided personality 368

possessed of a single consciousness
and will, 368

uniformly speaks of himself, and Is
spoken of, as a single person, 368

attributes of both his natures inter-
changably ascribed to one person,.. 389

infinite value of his atonement and
of the union of race with God in
him founded on union of two na-
tures in one personality, 869

his undivided personality recognized
by u niversalChristian consciousness, 369

in him neither contraction of divini-
ty or humanity 370

Lutheran doctrine of a communion
of natures In, 370

modern misrepresentations of the
union of the natures in 370

his humanity not a contracted and
metamorphosed Deity, 370

his humanity, Gess's v iew, 370

his humanity, Hofmann's view, 370

his humanity, Ebrard's view, 370

his humanity, Beecher's view 370

substance of God cannot be in Christ
without correlative attributes, 371

doctrine that his humanity Is a meta-
morphosed Deity leads to panthe-
ism, 371, 372

theory that his humanity is but met-
amorphosed Deity destructive of
Scriptural scheme of salvation, 372

theory that the union between his di-
vine and human natures is not com-
pleted in the incarnating act, 872

Christ, his human consciousness med-
iating between divine and human, 373
Dorner's view of the union of the di-
vine and human in hlru 373

Rolhe's view of the union of the di-
vine and human in him, 373

union between his divine and human
natures gradual, objections to the-
ory that, 373

natures in, theory of the gradual in-
tercommunication of, Ncstorian-

ism, .. 374

union of natures in, Thomasius on

Dorner's view of, 374

natures In, thi'ory of gradual inter-
communication of, a merging of

liersons rather than natures, 374

personality, double, never hinted at

in his language, 374

the real nature of this union, 374

union of natures in his person the

crowning Chrislian mystery, 374

person of, chief problems in regard to, 375
union of natures in him, why mys-
terious? 375

Illustrations of union of natures in

him imperfect, 375

person of, a unique fact 375

union of natures in him, how possi-
ble 375

union of natures set forth typically

in marriage, 376

how both Creator and creature? 376

union of natures in, does not involve

a double personality, 376

consciousness and will both siugle in

him 376

consciousness and will both thean-

thropic in him, 376

divine nature, its attributes imparted

to human nature In him, 377

Spirit mediates communication of di-
vine to human nature in his humil-
iation, 377

Kahnison human nature in, 377

Philippi on human nature in, 377

in his humiliation subject to Spirit, ..378

Servant of Jehovah, 378

"Lord of the Spirit" in his exaltation, 378
divine nature, effect upon it of union

of natures, 378

natures, the, derivatively possessed of

their mutual attributes 378

union of Deity and humanity in, il-
lustrated by union of soul aud body, 378
natures, necessity of union of, in him, 378

union of natures in him eternal 379

Christ, the two states of 380

humiliation, his state of, 380

no co-existence of two souls in, 381

his humiliation consisted in surrender
of independent exercise of divine
attributes, 382

Christ, submission of, to laws which
regulate origin of souls from a pre-
existing sinful stock, 388

reached consciousness of Sonshlp at

twelve years old 888

his subordination to control of Holy

Spirit, 383

omnipresence a key to understanding

of his humiliation 383

whole, present in every believer, 383

would he have liecomc man. had there

been no sin? 384

exaltation, his state of, 384

his body not necessarily subject to

death 385

his resurrection a natural necessity,.. 385
his descent into hell, Calvin's view, .. 385
his presence with his people discussed, 380

his human soul ubiquitous, 387

his offices, 387

Christ, the prophetic office of 388

his teaching as preincarnate Logos,.. 3*8
in his earthly ministry like and unlike

O. T. prophets, 389

his activity prophetic since ascension, 389
his revelation of the Father in glory,

prophetic, 389

Christ, the priestly office of, 390

his sacrificial work, or work of atone-
ment, 390

as a martyr 399

his death set forth both in Baptism

and Lord's Supper 400

the great Penitent, 400

his sufferings propitiatory and penal. 401
his sacrifice propitiates human con-
science, 401

his work and that of the Spirit, 402

his obedience, active and passive,

needed in salvation, 409

his union with humanity involves ob-
ligation to suffer for men, 412

in womb of Virgin purged from de-
pravity 412

by his birth exposed to guilt and pen-
alty 412

his guilt, what? 412

his complicity In sin of race but a sub-
jective ground for laying on him sin

of all. 413

his Identification with humanity,

views of, 413

his humanity not pre-natal, 413

not responsible for sins of men merely
as upholder and life of all and spirit-
ually one with believer, 413

"a sinner in Adam," 413

not constructive, but natural heir of

guilt of the race 413

substance of his being derived by nat-
ural generation from Adam, 418

in Adam Just as we are, 413

has same race-responsibilities as we,. 413

Christ, priestly office of, took not sin,

but its consequences, 413

his obligation to suffer, 413

his sufferings, their justice, imperfect

illustrations of, 413

bore an imparted, as well as an impu-
ted, guilt 414

his longing to suffer, 414

his sufferings, their Inevitableness,... 414
suffered as the only healthy mem-
ber of the race, 414

his whole life propitiatory, 415

inherited penalty, 415

inherited guilt, 415

his circumcision, its import, 415

his ritual purification, its import, 415

his legal redemption, its import, 415

his baptism, its import, 415

till resurrection, under race-guilt,... 416
his atonement, its retroactive influ-
ence on his humanity, 416

his cross, where his guilt was first

purged 416

satisfaction penal not pecuniary, 418

his propitiation real, though judge

and sacrifice are one, 419

his satisfaction not rendered to a part

of the Godhead, 419

responsible because organically one

with humanity 419

his sacrifice does not extend to angels, 419
his sufferings may have included re-
morse, 420

his sufferings though finite in time are

infinite satisfaction 420

his sufferings equivalent but not iden-
tical with those due by sinner, 420

extent of his atonement, 421

Savior of all, in what sense, 421

how specially the Savior of those who

believe, 422

his priesthood continues forever, 422

his priesthood, work of intercession,. 422

his Intercession, nature of, 422

his intercession, objects of, 423

his general intercession, 423

his special Intercession 423

his intercession, its relation to that of

Holy Spirit, 423

his intercession, relation of, to that of

saints, 424

Christ, the kingly office of, 424

his kingship respects the universe,... 424
his kingship respects his militant

church, 424

his kingship respects his church tri-
umphant, 425

must be our king as well as our proph-
et and priest, 425

on throne, an important subject of

meditation, 425

Christ, union with, reasons for neglect
of doctrine, 438

Christ, union with. Scriptural repre-
sentations of, 438

"in him," its meaning, 440

union with, its nature 441

may be banished to remotest room of
believer's soul, but still its inhabit-
ant, 443

his union with race secures objective

reconciliation, 444

his union with believer secures sub-
jective reconciliation 444

ascended, communicates life to

church, 446

may be received by those who have
not heard of his manifestation In

the flesh, 468

his sufferings ground of acquittal

from penalty of law, 476

his obedience, ground of rewords,.. 476
union with, secures his life as domi-
nant principle in believer 478

his life in believer gradually extir-
pates depravity, 478

we in, — justification, 479

in us sonctifleation, 479

his work for us and in us, 483

becomes a new object of attention to

the believer, 486

union with, secures impartation of

Christ's Spirit to believer 487

command of, cannot be modified or

dispensed with by church, 526

submitted to Mosaic rites appointed

for sinners, 529

God's judicial activity exercised

through him 583

hi9 human body confined to place, ... 585
hi8 humun soul not confined to place, 586
Christcudom, its forward-looking spirit

owed to Scriptures, 85

Christian, his experience in Pilgrim's

Progress, 232

abandons self, 294

has broken through race-connection, 351

is chastised, but never punished, 354

makes progressive conquest of sin-
fulness of his nature, 484

Christianity, in what sense a supple-
mentary dispensation, 15

its triumph over paganism the won-
der of history, 91

obstacles to its progress, 92

the natural insufficiency of means

used to secure its progress, 92

influence on civilization, 93

influence on individuals, 93

how it supplements pantheism, 133

circumstances in Roman civilization

favoring its spread, 360

Japanese objection to its doctrine of

brotherhood, 501

Christological method of theology, 27

Chrlstology, 358

Chronicles Incorporates different docu-
ments, 112

Chronology, Hebrew, 106

Septuaglnt, 106

of the fathers, 106

Usher's, 106

Hales's, 106

Chrysostom, on men casting themselves

Into hell 587

Church, Its effectiveness dependent on

correct doctrine, 10

unwritten truth before it, 18

was it before Bible, 18

prefigured, 68

polity and ordinances, their design,... 280

a prophetic institution, 389

of England, its views of relation of

regeneration and baptism, 154

doctrine of the, 494-553

constitution of the, or church polity,


its largest signification 494

and kingdom, distinction between,... 494
visible and invisible, distinction be-
tween, 494

Invisible, distinguished from the,

individual church, 494

the individual, defined, 495

laws of Christ as to, summarized 495

its derivation, 495

the term sometimes applied in a loose

sense, 495

designating a popular assembly, 495

used in a generic or collective sense,. 495
local, always of a number that could

assemble in one place, 496

of New York, the Baptist, in what

sense used, 496

of divine appointment, 49g

its oecumenical-local sense, 49ii

local, a microcosm, 496

a voluntary society, 497

membership in, not hereditary or

compulsory, 497

an outgrowth of regeneration, 497

involuntary, an absurdity, 497