The Ark in Philistine Hands

1 After the Philistines had captured the ark of God, they took it from Ebenezer to Ashdod,

References for 1 Samuel 5:1

      2 brought it into the temple of Dagonaband placed it next to his statue.c

      References for 1 Samuel 5:2

        • a 5:2 - A Philistine god of the sea, grain, or storm
        • b 5:2 - Jdg 16:23-24; 1 Ch 10:8-10
        • c 5:2 - Lit to Dagon
          3 When the people of Ashdod got up early the next morning, there was Dagon, fallen with his face to the ground before the ark of the Lord.d So they took Dagon and returned him to his place.

          References for 1 Samuel 5:3

            • d 5:3 - Isa 46:1-9
              4 But when they got up early the next morning, there was Dagon, fallen with his face to the ground before the ark of the Lord. [This time], both Dagon's head and the palms of his hands were broken off and lying on the threshold. Only Dagon's torso remained.e

              References for 1 Samuel 5:4

                • e 5:4 - LXX; Hb reads Only Dagon remained on it
                  5 That is why, to this day, the priests of Dagon and everyone who enters the temple of Dagon in Ashdod do not step on Dagon's threshold.
                  6 The Lord severely oppressedf the people of Ashdod, terrorizing and afflicting the people of Ashdod and its territory with tumors.ghi

                  References for 1 Samuel 5:6

                    • f 5:6 - Lit The hand of the Lord was heavy on
                    • g 5:6 - LXX adds He brought up mice against them, and they swarmed in their ships. Then mice went up into the land and there was a mortal panic in the city.
                    • h 5:6 - Perhaps bubonic plague
                    • i 5:6 - Dt 28:27
                      7 When the men of Ashdod saw what was happening, they said, "The ark of Israel's God must not stay here with us, because His hand is severe against us and our god Dagon."
                      8 So they called all the Philistine rulers together and asked, "What should we do with the ark of Israel's God?" "The ark of Israel's God should be moved to Gath," they replied. So the men of Ashdod moved the ark.
                      9 After they had moved it, the Lord's hand was against the city of Gath, causing a great panic. He afflicted the men of the city, from the youngest to the oldest, with an outbreak of tumors.
                      10 The Gathites then sent the ark of God to Ekron, but when it got there, the Ekronites cried out, "They've moved the ark of Israel's God to us to kill us and our people!"j

                      References for 1 Samuel 5:10

                        • j 5:10 - DSS, LXX read Why have you moved . . . people?
                          11 The Ekronites called all the Philistine rulers together. They said, "Send the ark of Israel's God away. It must return to its place so it won't kill us and our people!"k For the fear of death pervaded the city; God's hand was very heavy there.

                          References for 1 Samuel 5:11

                            • k 5:11 - DSS, LXX read Why don't you return it to . . . people?
                              12 The men who did not die were afflicted with tumors, and the outcry of the city went up to heaven.