Revelation 16 CSB

The First Bowl

1 Then I heard a loud voice from the sanctuary saying to the seven angels, "Go and pour out the sevena bowls of God's wrath on the earth."

References for Revelation 16:1

    • a 16:1 - Other mss omit seven
      2 The first went and poured out his bowl on the earth, and severely painful soresb c broke out on the people who had the mark of the beast and who worshiped his image.

      References for Revelation 16:2

        • b 16:2 - Lit and a severely painful sore
        • c 16:2 - Ex 9:9-11

          The Second Bowl

          3 The secondd poured out his bowl into the sea. It turned to blood like a dead man's, and all lifee in the sea died.f

          References for Revelation 16:3

            • d 16:3 - Other mss add angel
            • e 16:3 - Lit and every soul of life
            • f 16:3 - Rv 8:8-9

              The Third Bowl

              4 The thirdg poured out his bowl into the rivers and the springs of water, and they became blood.h

              References for Revelation 16:4

                • g 16:4 - Other mss add angel
                • h 16:4 - Ex 7:19-21
                  5 I heard the angel of the waters say: You are righteous, who is and who was,i the Holy One, for You have decided these things.

                  References for Revelation 16:5

                      6 Because they poured out the blood of the saints and the prophets, You also gave them blood to drink; they deserve it!j

                      References for Revelation 16:6

                        • j 16:6 - Isaiah 49:26
                          7 Then I heard someone from the altar say: Yes, Lord God, the Almighty, true and righteous are Your judgments.k

                          References for Revelation 16:7

                            • k 16:7 - Ps 19:19; Rv 19:2

                              The Fourth Bowl

                              8 The fourthl poured out his bowl on the sun. Hem was given the powern to burn people with fire,

                              References for Revelation 16:8

                                • l 16:8 - Other mss add angel
                                • m 16:8 - Or It
                                • n 16:8 - Or authority
                                  9 and people were burned by the intense heat. So they blasphemed the name of Godo who had the powerp over these plagues, and they did not repent and give Him glory.

                                  References for Revelation 16:9

                                    • o 16:9 - Rv 13:6
                                    • p 16:9 - Or authority

                                      The Fifth Bowl

                                      10 The fifthq poured out his bowl on the throne of the beast,r and his kingdom was plunged into darkness.s Peoplet gnawed their tongues from pain

                                      References for Revelation 16:10

                                          11 and blasphemed the God of heavenu because of their pains and their sores, yet they did not repent of their actions.

                                          References for Revelation 16:11

                                              The Sixth Bowl

                                              12 The sixthv poured out his bowl on the great river Euphrates,w and its water was dried up to prepare the way for the kings from the east.

                                              References for Revelation 16:12

                                                  13 Then I saw three unclean spirits like frogsx [coming] from the dragon's mouth,y from the beast's mouth,z and from the mouth of the false prophet.{

                                                  References for Revelation 16:13

                                                      14 For they are spirits of demons performing signs,| who travel to the kings of the whole world to assemble them for the battle of the great day of God, the Almighty.}

                                                      References for Revelation 16:14

                                                        • | 16:14 - 2 Th 2:9-10
                                                        • } 16:14 - Rv 19:11-21; Jl 2:11; 3:2
                                                          15 "Look, I am coming like a thief. Blessed ~ is the one who is alert and remains clothed € so that he may not go naked, and they see his shame." 

                                                          References for Revelation 16:15

                                                            • ~ 16:15 - Rv 1:3; 14:13; 19:9; 20:6; 22:7,14
                                                            •  16:15 - Or and guards his clothes
                                                            • € 16:15 - 1 Th 5:2, 6-8; Lk 12:35-40
                                                            •  16:15 - Rv 3:18
                                                              16 So they assembled them at the place called in Hebrew Armagedon.‚ ƒ

                                                              References for Revelation 16:16

                                                                • ‚ 16:16 - Other mss read Armageddon; other mss read Harmegedon; other mss read Mageddon; other mss read Magedon
                                                                • ƒ 16:16 - Traditionally the hill of Megiddo, a great city that guarded the pass between the coast and the valley of Jezreel or Esdraelon; see Jdg 5:19; 2 Kg 9:27

                                                                  The Seventh Bowl

                                                                  17 Then the seventh„ poured out his bowl into the air,… and a loud voice came out of the sanctuary,† ‡ from the throne, saying, "It is done!"

                                                                  References for Revelation 16:17

                                                                    • „ 16:17 - Other mss add angel
                                                                    • … 16:17 - Or on the air
                                                                    • † 16:17 - Other mss add of heaven
                                                                    • ‡ 16:17 - Isaiah 66:6
                                                                      18 There were lightnings, rumblings, and thunders. And a severe earthquake occurred like no other since man has been on the earth-so great was the quake.ˆ

                                                                      References for Revelation 16:18

                                                                        • ˆ 16:18 - Rv 4:5; 8:5; 11:19; Ex 19:16-19
                                                                          19 The great city‰ split into three parts, and the cities of the nationsŠ fell. Babylon the Great was remembered in God's presence; He gave her the cup filled with the wine of His fierce anger.‹

                                                                          References for Revelation 16:19

                                                                            • ‰ 16:19 - Rv 18:10,16,18,19,21
                                                                            • Š 16:19 - Or the Gentile cities
                                                                            • ‹ 16:19 - Rv 14:19; 19:15
                                                                              20 Every island fled, and the mountains disappeared.Œ 

                                                                              References for Revelation 16:20

                                                                                • Œ 16:20 - Lit mountains were not found
                                                                                •  16:20 - Rv 6:14; Ezk 38:20
                                                                                  21 Enormous hailstones, each weighing about 100 pounds,Ž fell from heaven on the people, and they blasphemed God for the plague of hail because that plague was extremely severe.‘

                                                                                  References for Revelation 16:21

                                                                                    • Ž 16:21 - Lit about a talent; talents varied in weight upwards from 75 pounds
                                                                                    •  16:21 - Lit people
                                                                                    •  16:21 - Rv 16:9,11
                                                                                    • ‘ 16:21 - Jos 10:11; Ezk 38:22