Daniel 5 NIV

The Writing on the Wall

1 King Belshazzar1 gave a great banquet2 for a thousand of his nobles3 and drank wine with them.

References for Daniel 5:1

2 While Belshazzar was drinking4 his wine, he gave orders to bring in the gold and silver goblets5 that Nebuchadnezzar his fathera had taken from the temple in Jerusalem, so that the king and his nobles, his wives and his concubines6 might drink from them.7

References for Daniel 5:2

    • a 5:2 - Or "ancestor"; or "predecessor"; also in verses 11, 13 and 18
      3 So they brought in the gold goblets that had been taken from the temple of God in Jerusalem, and the king and his nobles, his wives and his concubines drank from them.
      4 As they drank the wine, they praised the gods8 of gold and silver, of bronze, iron, wood and stone.9

      References for Daniel 5:4

      5 Suddenly the fingers of a human hand appeared and wrote on the plaster of the wall, near the lampstand in the royal palace. The king watched the hand as it wrote.
      6 His face turned pale10 and he was so frightened11 that his knees knocked12 together and his legs gave way.13

      References for Daniel 5:6

      7 The king called out for the enchanters,14 astrologersb15 and diviners16 to be brought and said to these wise17 men of Babylon, "Whoever reads this writing and tells me what it means will be clothed in purple and have a gold chain placed around his neck,18 and he will be made the third19 highest ruler in the kingdom."20

      References for Daniel 5:7

        • b 5:7 - Or "Chaldeans"; also in verse 11
          8 Then all the king's wise men21 came in, but they could not read the writing or tell the king what it meant.22

          References for Daniel 5:8

          9 So King Belshazzar became even more terrified23 and his face grew more pale. His nobles were baffled.

          References for Daniel 5:9

          10 The queen,c hearing the voices of the king and his nobles, came into the banquet hall. "O king, live forever!"24 she said. "Don't be alarmed! Don't look so pale!

          References for Daniel 5:10

            • c 5:10 - Or "queen mother"
              11 There is a man in your kingdom who has the spirit of the holy gods25 in him. In the time of your father he was found to have insight and intelligence and wisdom26 like that of the gods.27 King Nebuchadnezzar your father--your father the king, I say--appointed him chief of the magicians, enchanters, astrologers and diviners.28

              References for Daniel 5:11

              12 This man Daniel, whom the king called Belteshazzar,29 was found to have a keen mind and knowledge and understanding, and also the ability to interpret dreams, explain riddles30 and solve difficult problems.31 Call for Daniel, and he will tell you what the writing means.32"

              References for Daniel 5:12

                  13 So Daniel was brought before the king, and the king said to him, "Are you Daniel, one of the exiles my father the king brought from Judah?33

                  References for Daniel 5:13

                  14 I have heard that the spirit of the gods34 is in you and that you have insight, intelligence and outstanding wisdom.35

                  References for Daniel 5:14

                  15 The wise men and enchanters were brought before me to read this writing and tell me what it means, but they could not explain it.36

                  References for Daniel 5:15

                  16 Now I have heard that you are able to give interpretations and to solve difficult problems.37 If you can read this writing and tell me what it means, you will be clothed in purple and have a gold chain placed around your neck,38 and you will be made the third highest ruler in the kingdom."39

                  References for Daniel 5:16

                  17 Then Daniel answered the king, "You may keep your gifts for yourself and give your rewards to someone else.40 Nevertheless, I will read the writing for the king and tell him what it means.

                  References for Daniel 5:17

                  18 "O king, the Most High God gave your father Nebuchadnezzar41 sovereignty and greatness and glory and splendor.42

                  References for Daniel 5:18

                  19 Because of the high position he gave him, all the peoples and nations and men of every language dreaded and feared him. Those the king wanted to put to death, he put to death;43 those he wanted to spare, he spared; those he wanted to promote, he promoted; and those he wanted to humble, he humbled.44

                  References for Daniel 5:19

                  20 But when his heart became arrogant and hardened with pride,45 he was deposed from his royal throne46 and stripped47 of his glory.48

                  References for Daniel 5:20

                  21 He was driven away from people and given the mind of an animal; he lived with the wild donkeys and ate grass like cattle; and his body was drenched with the dew of heaven, until he acknowledged that the Most High God is sovereign49 over the kingdoms of men and sets over them anyone he wishes.50

                  References for Daniel 5:21

                  22 "But you his son,d O Belshazzar, have not humbled51 yourself, though you knew all this.

                  References for Daniel 5:22

                    • d 5:22 - Or "descendant "; or "successor"
                      23 Instead, you have set yourself up against52 the Lord of heaven. You had the goblets from his temple brought to you, and you and your nobles, your wives53 and your concubines drank wine from them. You praised the gods of silver and gold, of bronze, iron, wood and stone, which cannot see or hear or understand.54 But you did not honor the God who holds in his hand your life55 and all your ways.56

                      References for Daniel 5:23

                      24 Therefore he sent the hand that wrote the inscription.
                      25 "This is the inscription that was written: MENE, MENE, TEKEL, PARSIN+F25 ARAMAIC "UPARSIN" (THAT IS, "AND PARSIN")+E
                      26 "This is what these words mean: Mene"e: God has numbered the days57 of your reign and brought it to an end.58

                      References for Daniel 5:26

                        • e 5:26 - "Mene" can mean "numbered" or "mina" (a unit of money).
                          27 Tekel"f: You have been weighed on the scales59 and found wanting.60

                          References for Daniel 5:27

                            • f 5:27 - "Tekel" can mean "weighed" or "shekel."
                              28 Peres"g: Your kingdom is divided and given to the Medes61 and Persians."62

                              References for Daniel 5:28

                                • g 5:28 - "Peres" (the singular of "Parsin") can mean "divided" or "Persia" or "a half mina" or "a half shekel."
                                  29 Then at Belshazzar's command, Daniel was clothed in purple, a gold chain was placed around his neck,63 and he was proclaimed the third highest ruler in the kingdom.64

                                  References for Daniel 5:29

                                  30 That very night Belshazzar,65 king66 of the Babylonians,h was slain,67

                                  References for Daniel 5:30

                                    • h 5:30 - Or "Chaldeans"
                                      31 and Darius68 the Mede69 took over the kingdom, at the age of sixty-two.

                                      References for Daniel 5:31