1 Paul, apostle of Jesus Christ, a according to [the] command of God our Saviour, and of Christ Jesus our hope,

References for 1 Timothy 1:1

    • a 1:1 - Or, according to some authorities, 'Christ Jesus.'
      2 to Timotheus, [my] true child in faith: grace, mercy, peace, from God our b Father and Christ Jesus our Lord.

      References for 1 Timothy 1:2

        • b 1:2 - Or 'the.'
          3 Even as I begged thee to remain in Ephesus, [when I was] going to Macedonia, that thou mightest enjoin some not to teach other doctrines,
          4 nor to turn their minds to fables and interminable genealogies, which c bring questionings rather than [further] God's dispensation, d which [is] in faith.

          References for 1 Timothy 1:4

            • c 1:4 - ' Not merely a relative pronoun, stating the fact, but the character. They are such as do so.
            • d 1:4 - See Note l, Col. 1.25.
              5 But the end of what is enjoined e is love out of a pure heart and a good conscience and unfeigned faith; f

              References for 1 Timothy 1:5

                • e 1:5 - This refers to ver. 3.
                • f 1:5 - i.e. 'love out of a pure heart and (out of) a good conscience and (out of) unfeigned faith.'
                  6 which [things] some having missed, g have turned aside to vain discourse,

                  References for 1 Timothy 1:6

                    • g 1:6 - As ch. 6.21.
                      7 desiring to be law-teachers, not understanding either what they say or concerning what they [so] strenuously affirm.
                      8 Now we know that the law [is] good if any one uses it lawfully,
                      9 knowing this, that law has not its application h to a righteous person, but to [the] lawless and insubordinate, to [the] impious and sinful, to [the] unholy and profane, to smiters of fathers and smiters of mothers; to murderers,

                      References for 1 Timothy 1:9

                        • h 1:9 - A technical word for the enactment of a law, its being in force.
                          10 fornicators, sodomites, kidnappers, liars, perjurers; and if any other thing is opposed to sound teaching,
                          11 according to the glad tidings of the glory of the blessed God, with which *I* have been entrusted.
                          12 [And] I thank i Christ Jesus our Lord, who has given me power, that he has counted me faithful, appointing to ministry him j

                          References for 1 Timothy 1:12

                            • i 1:12 - Or 'I am thankful to him who has given me power (dunamis), Christ Jesus our Lord.'
                            • j 1:12 - Or 'appointing me to ministry (diakonia), who.'
                              13 who before was a blasphemer and persecutor, and an insolent overbearing [man]: but mercy was shewn me because I did it ignorantly, in unbelief.
                              14 But the grace of our Lord surpassingly over-abounded with faith and love, which [is] in Christ Jesus.
                              15 Faithful [is] the word, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners, of whom *I* am [the] first.
                              16 But for this reason mercy was shewn me, that in me, [the] first, Jesus Christ might display the whole long-suffering, for a delineation of k those about to believe on him to life eternal.

                              References for 1 Timothy 1:16

                                • k 1:16 - As 'outline,' 2Tim. 1.13. It is a mistake to confine delineation to long-suffering, and so make 'of' mean 'for:' 'for those,' &c. Paul was a delineation of Christ's ways in their case, even, I doubt not, in the case of the rebellious Jews hereafter: the whole long-suffering was in Paul's case, so as to picture every case. In those who companied with Christ when alive this was not so, though the grace was really the same; but there was not the same showing forth of it.
                                  17 Now to the King of the ages, [the] incorruptible, invisible, only God, honour and glory to the ages of ages. Amen.
                                  18 This charge, l [my] child Timotheus, I commit to thee, according to the prophecies as to thee preceding, in order that m thou mightest war by them the good warfare,

                                  References for 1 Timothy 1:18

                                    • l 1:18 - As 'enjoin,' vers. 3,5.
                                    • m 1:18 - I have left the ambiguity as in Greek. I apprehend the series of ideas in the apostle's mind is: he commits -- in order that; but he refers to the prophecies -- that by them. The 'as to thee' is more closely connected with prophecies.
                                      19 maintaining faith n and a good conscience; which [last] some, having put away, have made shipwreck as to faith;

                                      References for 1 Timothy 1:19

                                        • n 1:19 - The word 'faith' embraces two ideas: doctrine, as taught of God and received; and subjectively the state of soul. If I have cast off the faith, the doctrine and the state of soul are both gone. Here 'faith' (first time) is the inward energy of grace which holds fast the truth. The two are not separated, but the state of the soul is first in the apostle's mind. In the second, they, having put away a good conscience, did not hold fast the faith, but lost it in some way thus objectively. In this second case, there is the article in Greek, which does not exclude faith in the soul, but leads the mind to the faith. In English 'the faith' would be too absolute or merely doctrinal.
                                          20 of whom is Hymenaeus and Alexander, whom I have delivered to Satan, that they may be taught by discipline not to blaspheme.