1 Do we begin again to commend ourselves? or do we need, as some, commendatory letters to you, or [commendatory] from you?
2 *Ye* are our letter, written in our hearts, known and read of all men,

References for 2 Corinthians 3:2

    • a 3:2 - The Greek means also 'well known;' a thing read of all, not private. There is a play on words, giving force to the statement: 'read' being a compound of 'know:' see ch. 1.13.
      3 being manifested to be Christ's epistle ministered by us, written, not with ink, but [the] Spirit of [the] living God; not on stone tables, but on fleshy tables of [the] heart.

      References for 2 Corinthians 3:3

        • b 3:3 - Lit. '[ye] being manifested that ye are.'
          4 And such confidence have we through the Christ towards God:
          5 not that we are competent of ourselves to think anything as of ourselves, but our competency [is] of God;

          References for 2 Corinthians 3:5

            • c 3:5 - I do not particularly prefer 'competent' to 'sufficient,' (as in ch. 2.16) but the sense is lost in ver. 6, if we say 'sufficient' there.
              6 who has also made us competent, [as] ministers of [the] new covenant; not of letter, but of spirit. For the letter kills, but the Spirit quickens.

              References for 2 Corinthians 3:6

                • d 3:6 - The omission of the article makes it characteristic, as in the case of 'letter' and 'spirit;' perhaps it may be rendered 'competent [as] new covenant ministers.'
                • e 3:6 - Or 'For letter kills.'
                  7 (But if the ministry of death, in letters, graven in stones, began with glory, so that the children of Israel could not fix their eyes on the face of Moses, on account of the glory of his face, [a glory] which is annulled;

                  References for 2 Corinthians 3:7

                    • f 3:7 - It is not said that the ministry was glorious, but that the system was introduced with glory. It is in contrast with 'subsist in glory' (ver. 8).
                    • g 3:7 - See Ex. 34.29-35.
                      8 how shall not rather the ministry of the Spirit subsist in glory?
                      9 For if the ministry of condemnation [be] glory, much rather the ministry of righteousness abounds in glory.
                      10 For also that [which was] glorified is not glorified in this respect, on account of the surpassing glory.
                      11 For if that annulled [was introduced] with glory, much rather that which abides [subsists] in glory.

                      References for 2 Corinthians 3:11

                        • h 3:11 - 'That annulled,' or 'done away,' may appear a little harsh, but the apostle uses it as a formula for the old covenant done away in Christ. If this be borne in mind, the sense will be clearer by the use of it. It contrasts 'that annulled' with 'that which abides:' so vers. 13 and 14.
                          12 Having therefore such hope, we use much boldness:
                          13 and not according as Moses put a veil on his own face, so that the children of Israel should not fix their eyes on the end of that annulled.
                          14 But their thoughts have been darkened, for unto this day the same veil remains in reading the old covenant, unremoved, which in Christ is annulled.

                          References for 2 Corinthians 3:14

                            • i 3:14 - As 'hardened,' Mark 3.5; 'blinded,' Rom. 11.7.
                            • j 3:14 - I have no doubt that the text is right, and that Moses covered his face while he talked to the people, and that the Hebrew, Ex. 34.33, means nothing else, and ver. 34 proves it.
                              15 But unto this day, when Moses is read, the veil lies upon their heart.
                              16 But when it shall turn to [the] Lord, the veil is taken away.)

                              References for 2 Corinthians 3:16

                                • k 3:16 - The parenthesis begins at ver. 7.
                                  17 Now the Lord is the Spirit, but where the Spirit of [the] Lord [is, there is] liberty.
                                  18 But *we* all, looking on the glory of the Lord, with unveiled face, are transformed according to the same image from glory to glory, even as by [the] Lord [the] Spirit.

                                  References for 2 Corinthians 3:18

                                    • l 3:18 - As Rom. 12.2. From metamorphoo, translated 'transfigured' in Matt. 17.2 and Mark 9.2.
                                    • m 3:18 - See vers. 6,17.