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Ephesians 4:18 DBY

18 being darkened in understanding, estranged from the life of God by reason of the ignorance which is in them, by reason of the hardness of their hearts,

Study tools for Ephesians 4:18

  • a 4:1 - Or 'according to which.'
  • b 4:3 - It is not only 'bond,' but the 'bond-together.' It is not the power of union -- that is the Holy Spirit; but the practically uniting in fact, as amongst men on earth.
  • c 4:4 - It may be translated '[the] body is one,' and so on. If we could leave out 'there is' or 'is', the force would be so much the greater.
  • d 4:8 - See Ps. 68.18.
  • e 4:12 - Or 'of the Christ.'
  • f 4:13 - 'Full knowledge,' as ch. 1.17; Col. 1.9.
  • g 4:14 - The form of the Greek phrase makes it somewhat difficult to translate. I do not think that the phrase 'in the sleight of,' &c., is in connection with 'tossed and carried about,' but, in sense, with 'that teaching.' The cheating, as of dice-players, and still more methodic craft, characterized the teaching. 'In the sleight of men' marks the power and character of the teaching. What I have given is literal, and is sufficiently clear: 'that' is emphatic.
  • h 4:16 - The word 'supply' in Greek has the emphatic article and it might read 'that supply, [which is] according to.' The article denotes a known supply from Christ. sufficiently known to be referred to, to which also the 'from whom' lends force.
  • i 4:17 - Lit. 'as also,' or 'even as.'
  • j 4:21 - There is an emphatic article before 'Jesus:' 'Jesus' is personally brought into relief.
  • k 4:22 - i.e. manner of life.
  • l 4:22 - Or 'goes on in corruption.' The Greek word is used for 'destroy' in 1Cor. 3.17. The two thoughts combine here.
  • m 4:24 - Lit. 'righteousness and holiness of the truth:' see ver. 21.
  • n 4:25 - Everything that has the character and nature of falsehood. It is abstract, what has this quality, not merely the act of lying.
  • o 4:27 - Or 'give way to.'
  • p 4:29 - Or 'filthy;' a figure drawn from what is evil and bad, as fruit: see Matt. 7.17-18 'worthless.'
  • q 4:30 - Eis: see ch. 1.14.
  • r 4:32 - As 'good,' Luke 6.35; 1Pet. 2.3.
  • s 4:32 - Or 'showing grace to,' 'shown grace to,' as Luke 7.42.