Judah and his three surviving sons went down with Jacob into Egypt ( Genesis 46:12 ; Exodus 1:2 ). At the time of the Exodus, when we meet with the family of Judah again, they have increased to the number of 74,000 males ( Numbers 1:26 Numbers 1:27 ). Its number increased in the wilderness ( 26:22 ). Caleb, the son of Jephunneh, represented the tribe as one of the spies ( 13:6 ; 34:19 ). This tribe marched at the van on the east of the tabernacle ( Numbers 2:3-9 ; 10:14 ), its standard, as is supposed, being a lion's whelp. Under Caleb, during the wars of conquest, they conquered that portion of the country which was afterwards assigned to them as their inheritance. This was the only case in which any tribe had its inheritance thus determined ( Joshua 14:6-15 ; 15:13-19 ).
The inheritance of the tribe of Judah was at first fully one-third of the whole country west of Jordan, in all about 2,300 square miles ( Joshua 15 ). But there was a second distribution, when Simeon received an allotment, about 1,000 square miles, out of the portion of Judah ( Joshua 19:9 ). That which remained to Judah was still very large in proportion to the inheritance of the other tribes. The boundaries of the territory are described in Joshua 15:20-63 .
This territory given to Judah was divided into four sections.
Nine of the cities of Judah were assigned to the priests ( Joshua 21:9-19 ).
M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.
Bibliography InformationEaston, Matthew George. "Entry for Judah, Tribe of". "Easton's Bible Dictionary".