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First-fruits

First-fruits

The first-fruits of the ground were offered unto God just as the first-born of man and animals.

The law required,

  • That on the morrow after the Passover Sabbath a sheaf of new corn should be waved by the priest before the altar ( Leviticus 23:5 Leviticus 23:6 Leviticus 23:10 Leviticus 23:12 ; 2:12 ).

  • That at the feast of Pentecost two loaves of leavened bread, made from the new flour, were to be waved in like manner ( Leviticus 23:15 Leviticus 23:17 ; Numbers 28:26 ).

  • The feast of Tabernacles was an acknowledgement that the fruits of the harvest were from the Lord ( Exodus 23:16 ; 34:22 ).

  • Every individual, besides, was required to consecrate to God a portion of the first-fruits of the land ( Exodus 22:29 ; 23:19 ; 34:26 ; Numbers 15:20 Numbers 15:21 ).

  • The law enjoined that no fruit was to be gathered from newly-planted fruit-trees for the first three years, and that the first-fruits of the fourth year were to be consecrated to the Lord ( Leviticus 19:23-25 ). ( Jeremiah 2:3 ) alludes to the ordinance of "first-fruits," and hence he must have been acquainted with the books of Exodus, Leviticus, and Numbers, where the laws regarding it are recorded.

    These dictionary topics are from
    M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
    published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

    Bibliography Information

    Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for First-fruits". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .

  • First-fruits. [B]

    1. The law ordered in general that the first of all ripe fruits and of liquors, or, as it is twice expressed, the first of first-fruits, should be offered in Gods house. ( Exodus 22:29 ; 23:19 ; 34:27 ) It was an act of allegiance to God as the giver of all. No exact quantity was commanded, but it was left to the spiritual and moral sense of each individual.
    2. On the morrow after the passover sabbath, i.e. on the 16th of Nisan, a sheaf of new corn was to be brought to the priest and waved before the altar, in acknowledgment of the gift of fruitfulness. ( Leviticus 2:12 ; Leviticus 23:5 Leviticus 23:6 Leviticus 23:10 Leviticus 23:12 )
    3. At the expiration of seven weeks from this time, i.e. at the feast of pentecost, an oblation was to be made from the new flour, which were to be waved in like manner with the passover sheaf. ( Exodus 34:22 ; Leviticus 23:15 Leviticus 23:17 ; Numbers 28:26 )
    4. The feast of ingathering, i.e. the feast of tabernacles, in the seventh month, was itself an acknowledgment of the fruits of the harvest. ( Exodus 23:16 ; 34:22 ; Leviticus 23:39 ) These four sorts of offerings were national. Besides them, the two following were of an individual kind.
    5. A cake of the first dough that was baked was to be offered as a heave-offering. ( Numbers 15:19 Numbers 15:21 )
    6. The first-fruits of the land were to be brought in a basket to the holy place of Gods choice, and there presented to the priest, who was to set the basket down before the altar. ( 26:2-11 ) The offerings were the perquisite of the priests. ( Numbers 18:11 ; 18:4 ) Nehemiah, at the return from captivity, took pains to reorganize the offerings of first-fruits of both kinds, and to appoint places to receive them. ( Nehemiah 10:35 Nehemiah 10:37 ; 12:44 ) An offering of first-fruits is mentioned as an acceptable one to the prophet Elisha. ( 2 Kings 4:42 )

    [B] indicates this entry was also found in Baker's Evangelical Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Smith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Firstfruits'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary". . 1901.