The first-fruits of the ground were offered unto God just as the first-born of man and animals.
The law required, That on the morrow after the Passover Sabbath a sheaf of new corn should be waved by the priest before the altar ( Leviticus 23:5 Leviticus 23:6 Leviticus 23:10 Leviticus 23:12 ; 2:12 ).
That at the feast of Pentecost two loaves of leavened bread, made from the new flour, were to be waved in like manner ( Leviticus 23:15 Leviticus 23:17 ; Numbers 28:26 ).
The feast of Tabernacles was an acknowledgement that the fruits of the harvest were from the Lord ( Exodus 23:16 ; 34:22 ).
Every individual, besides, was required to consecrate to God a portion of the first-fruits of the land ( Exodus 22:29 ; 23:19 ; 34:26 ; Numbers 15:20 Numbers 15:21 ).
The law enjoined that no fruit was to be gathered from newly-planted fruit-trees for the first three years, and that the first-fruits of the fourth year were to be consecrated to the Lord ( Leviticus 19:23-25 ). ( Jeremiah 2:3 ) alludes to the ordinance of "first-fruits," and hence he must have been acquainted with the books of Exodus, Leviticus, and Numbers, where the laws regarding it are recorded.
These dictionary topics are from
M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.
Bibliography InformationEaston, Matthew George. "Entry for First-fruits". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .