Hazor

Hazor [N] [H] [S]

enclosed; fortified.

  • A stronghold of the Canaanites in the mountains north of Lake Merom ( Joshua 11:1-5 ). Jabin the king with his allied tribes here encountered Joshua in a great battle. Joshua gained a signal victory, which virtually completed his conquest of Canaan ( 11:10-13 ). This city was, however, afterwards rebuilt by the Canaanites, and was ruled by a king with the same hereditary name of Jabin. His army, under a noted leader of the name of Sisera, swept down upon the south, aiming at the complete subjugation of the country. This powerful army was met by the Israelites under Barak, who went forth by the advice of the prophetess Deborah. The result was one of the most remarkable victories for Israel recorded in the Old Testament ( Joshua 19:36 ; Judges 4:2 ; 1 Samuel 12:9 ). The city of Hazor was taken and occupied by the Israelites. It was fortified by Solomon to defend the entrance into the kingdom from Syria and Assyria. When Tiglath-pileser, the Assyrian king, invaded the land, this was one of the first cities he captured, carrying its inhabitants captive into Assyria ( 2 Kings 15:29 ). It has been identified with Khurbet Harrah, 2 1/2 miles south-east of Kedesh.

  • A city in the south of Judah ( Joshua 15:23 ). The name here should probably be connected with the word following, Ithnan, HAZOR-ITHNAN instead of "Hazor and Ithnan."

  • A district in Arabia ( Jeremiah 49:28-33 ), supposed by some to be Jetor, i.e., Ituraea.

  • "Kerioth and Hezron" ( Joshua 15: : 25 ) should be "Kerioth-hezron" (as in the RSV), the two names being joined together as the name of one place (e.g., like Kirjath-jearim), "the same is Hazor" (RSV). This place has been identified with el-Kuryetein, and has been supposed to be the home of Judas Iscariot. (See KERIOTH .)

    These dictionary topics are from
    M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
    published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names
    [S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for Hazor". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .

  • Hazor [N] [E] [S]

    court; hay
    Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names. Public Domain. Copy freely.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
    [S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Hitchcock, Roswell D. "Entry for 'Hazor'". "An Interpreting Dictionary of Scripture Proper Names". . New York, N.Y., 1869.

    Hazor [N] [E] [H]

    (castle ).

    1. A fortified city, which on the occupation of the country was allotted to Naphtali. ( Joshua 19:36 ) Its position was apparently between Ramah and Kedesh, ibid. ( Joshua 12:19 ) on the high ground overlooking the Lake of Merom. There is no reason for supposing it a different place from that of which Jabin was king. ( Joshua 11:1 ; Judges 4:2 Judges 4:17 ; 1 Samuel 12:9 ) It was the principal city of the whole of north Palestine. ( Joshua 11:10 ) It was fortified by Solomon, ( 1 Kings 9:15 ) and its inhabitants were carried captive by Tiglath-pileser. ( 2 Kings 15:29 ) The most probable site of Hazor is Tell Khuraibeh .
    2. One of the "cities" of Judah in the extreme south, named next in order to Kedesh. ( Joshua 15:23 )
    3. Hazor-Hadattah = "new Hazor" another of the southern towns of Judah. ( Joshua 15:25 )
    4. A place in which the Benjamites resided after their return from the captivity. ( Nehemiah 11:33 )

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
    [H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names

    Bibliography Information

    Smith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Hazor'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary". . 1901.

    HAZOR

    ha'-zor (chatsor; Nasor; Codex Sinaiticus, Asor, 1 Macc 11:67):

    (1) The royal city of Jabin (Joshua 11:1), which, before the Israelite conquest, seems to have been the seat of a wide authority (Joshua 11:11). It was taken by Joshua, who exterminated the inhabitants, and it was the only city in that region which he destroyed by fire (11:11-13). At a later time the Jabin Dynasty appears to have recovered power and restored the city (Judges 4:2). The heavy defeat of their army at the hands of Deborah and Barak led to their final downfall (Judges 4:23). It was in the territory allotted to Naphtali (Joshua 19:36). Hazor was one of the cities for the fortification of which Solomon raised a levy (1 Kings 9:15). Along with other cities in Galilee, it was taken by Tiglathpileser III (2 Kings 15:29). In the plain of Hazor, Jonathan the Maccabee gained a great victory over Demetrius (1 Macc 11:67). In Tobit 12 it is called "Asher" Septuagint Aser), and Kedesh is said to be "above" it. Josephus (Ant., V, v, 1 ) says that Hazor was situated over the lake, Semechonitis, which he evidently identifies with the Waters of Merom (Joshua 11:13). It must clearly be sought on the heights West of el-Chuleh. Several identifications have been suggested, but no certain conclusion can be reached. Some (Wilson and Guerin) favor Tell Harreh to the Southeast of Qedes, where there are extensive ruins. Robinson thought of Tell Khureibeh, 2 1/2 miles South of Qedes, where, however, there are no ruins. We may take it as certain that the ancient name of Hazor is preserved in Merj el-Chadireh, Southwest of Qedes, and North of Wady `Uba, and in Jebel Chadireh, East of the Merj, although it has evidently drifted from the original site, as names have so often done in Palestine. Conder suggests a possible identification with Chazzur, farther South, "at the foot of the chain of Upper Galilee .... in position more appropriate to the use of the chariots that belonged to the king of Hazor" (HDB, under the word).

    (2) A town, unidentified, in the South of Judah (Joshua 15:23).

    (3) A town in the South of Judah (Joshua 15:25).

    See KERIOTH-HEZRON.

    (4) A town in Benjamin (Nehemiah 11:33) now represented by Khirbet Chazzar, not far to the East of Neby Samwil.

    (5) An unidentified place in Arabia, smitten by Nebuchadnezzar (Jeremiah 49:28,33).

    W. Ewing


    Copyright Statement
    These files are public domain.

    Bibliography Information
    Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'HAZOR'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.