Genesis 10:2-12 NIV

The Japhethites

10:2-5pp -- 1Ch 1:5-7

2 The sonsa of Japheth: Gomer,1 Magog,2 Madai, Javan,3 Tubal,4 Meshech5 and Tiras.

References for Genesis 10:2

    • a 10:2 - "Sons" may mean "descendants" or "successors" or "nations"; also in verses 3, 4, 6, 7, 20-23, 29 and 31.
      3 The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz,6 Riphath and Togarmah.7

      References for Genesis 10:3

      4 The sons of Javan: Elishah,8 Tarshish,9 the Kittim10 and the Rodanim.b

      References for Genesis 10:4

        • b 10:4 - Some manuscripts of the Masoretic Text and Samaritan Pentateuch (see also Septuagint and 1 Chron. 1:7); most manuscripts of the Masoretic Text "Dodanim"
          5 (From these the maritime peoples spread out into their territories by their clans within their nations, each with its own language.)11

          References for Genesis 10:5

          The Hamites

          10:6-20pp -- 1Ch 1:8-16

          6 The sons of Ham: Cush,12 Mizraim,c Put13 and Canaan.14

          References for Genesis 10:6

            • c 10:6 - That is, Egypt; also in verse 13
              7 The sons of Cush: Seba,15 Havilah,16 Sabtah, Raamah17 and Sabteca. The sons of Raamah: Sheba18 and Dedan.19
              8 Cush was the fatherd of Nimrod,20 who grew to be a mighty warrior on the earth.

              References for Genesis 10:8

                • d 10:8 - "Father" may mean "ancestor" or "predecessor" or "founder"; also in verses 13, 15, 24 and 26.
                  9 He was a mighty21 hunter22 before the LORD; that is why it is said, "Like Nimrod, a mighty hunter before the LORD."

                  References for Genesis 10:9

                  10 The first centers of his kingdom were Babylon,23 Erech,24 Akkad and Calneh,25 ine Shinar.f26

                  References for Genesis 10:10

                    • e 10:10 - Or "Erech and Akkad--all of them in"
                    • f 10:10 - That is, Babylonia
                      11 From that land he went to Assyria,27 where he built Nineveh,28 Rehoboth Ir,g Calah

                      References for Genesis 10:11

                        • g 10:11 - Or "Nineveh with its city squares"
                          12 and Resen, which is between Nineveh and Calah; that is the great city.