Genesis 10:3-13 NIV

3 The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz,1 Riphath and Togarmah.2

References for Genesis 10:3

4 The sons of Javan: Elishah,3 Tarshish,4 the Kittim5 and the Rodanim.a

References for Genesis 10:4

    • b 10:4 - Some manuscripts of the Masoretic Text and Samaritan Pentateuch (see also Septuagint and 1 Chron. 1:7); most manuscripts of the Masoretic Text "Dodanim"
      5 (From these the maritime peoples spread out into their territories by their clans within their nations, each with its own language.)6

      References for Genesis 10:5

      The Hamites

      10:6-20pp -- 1Ch 1:8-16

      6 The sons of Ham: Cush,7 Mizraim,b Put8 and Canaan.9

      References for Genesis 10:6

        • c 10:6 - That is, Egypt; also in verse 13
          7 The sons of Cush: Seba,10 Havilah,11 Sabtah, Raamah12 and Sabteca. The sons of Raamah: Sheba13 and Dedan.14
          8 Cush was the fatherc of Nimrod,15 who grew to be a mighty warrior on the earth.

          References for Genesis 10:8

            • d 10:8 - "Father" may mean "ancestor" or "predecessor" or "founder"; also in verses 13, 15, 24 and 26.
              9 He was a mighty16 hunter17 before the LORD; that is why it is said, "Like Nimrod, a mighty hunter before the LORD."

              References for Genesis 10:9

              10 The first centers of his kingdom were Babylon,18 Erech,19 Akkad and Calneh,20 ind Shinar.e21

              References for Genesis 10:10

                • e 10:10 - Or "Erech and Akkad--all of them in"
                • f 10:10 - That is, Babylonia
                  11 From that land he went to Assyria,22 where he built Nineveh,23 Rehoboth Ir,f Calah

                  References for Genesis 10:11

                    • g 10:11 - Or "Nineveh with its city squares"
                      12 and Resen, which is between Nineveh and Calah; that is the great city.
                      13 Mizraim was the father of the Ludites, Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites,